- Vladimir Voinovich
Vladimir Nikolayevich Voinovich (alternatively spelled Voynovich, _ru. Владимир Войнович, born
September 26, 1932in Dushanbe, Tajikstan) is a prominent Russian writerand a dissident. He is a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Artsin Department of Language and Literature.
Voinovich was born to father of Serbian descent, journalist, and mother of Jewish descent, professor of mathematics. His ancestor,
Ivo Vojnović, was a prominent Serbian writer from Dubrovnik.
Voinovich is famous for his satiric
fictionbut also wrote some poetry. While working for Moscowradio in the early 1960s, he produced the lyrics for the cosmonauts' anthem, "Fourteen Minutes Till the Start" ("14 минут до старта"). Between 1951 and 1955, Voinovich also served in the Soviet Armyduring peace time.
At the outset of the
Brezhnev stagnationperiod, Voinovich's writings stopped being published in the USSR, but became very popular samizdatand in the West. For his writing and participation in the human rightsmovement, Voinovich was excluded from the Soviet Writers' Unionin 1974, his telephone line was cut off in 1976 and he and his family were forced to emigrate in 1980. He settled in Munich, West Germanyand worked for Radio Liberty.
Voinovich helped publish
Vasily Grossman's famous novel Life and Fateby smuggling photo films secretly taken by Andrei Sakharov.
Gorbachev restored his Soviet citizenship in 1990 and since then the writer spends most of his time in the new Russia. Widowed in 2004, he now lives in Moscow. Voinovich has a son by his first wife and a daughter, Olga, by his second wife, the recently deceased, Irina. Voinovich has won many international awards and honor titles, such as Sakharov Award (2002), State Award of the Russian Federation (2000) and more. Since 1995 he has ventured into graphic arts and sells his paintings in Russian galleries and on the Web.
magnum opus" The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin" ("Жизнь и необычайные приключения солдата Ивана Чонкина") is set in the Red Armyduring World War II, satirically exposing the daily absurdities of the totalitarian regime. "Chonkin" is now a widely known figure in Russian popular culture and the book was also made into a filmby the famous Czech director Jiří Menzel. Chonkin is often referred to as "the Russian Švejk".
In 1986 he wrote a
satirenovel Moscow 2042, which satirized Aleksandr Solzhenitsynand the Soviet penchant for ludicrous rules. In this novel, Voinovich predicted that Russia will be ruled by the "Communist Party of State Security" which combines the KGB, Russian Orthodox Churchand the Communist party. This party is led by a KGB general Bukashin (name literally meaning "the insect") who met main character of the novel in Germany. An extreme SlavophileSim Karnavalov (apparently inspired by Solzhenitsyn) enters Moscow on a white horse to support dictator Bukashin in the novel [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DE1DF1F3CF931A35755C0A961948260] .
His other novels have also won acclaim: "Ivankiada", his novel about a writer trying to get an apartment in the bureaucratic clog of the Soviet system. "The Fur Hat", is, in many ways, a satire of
Gogol's "Overcoat". His "Monumental Propaganda" is a stinging critique of post-Communist Russia, a story that shows the author's opinion that Russians haven't changed much since the days of Stalin.
* 1963 "I Want to be Honest" ("Хочу быть честным")
* 1967 "Two Comrades" ("Два товарища")
* 1963-1970 "
The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin" ("Жизнь и необычайные приключения солдата Ивана Чонкина") (published 1974, translated in English 1977)
* 1972 "A Degree of Trust" ("Степень доверия")
* 1973 "By Means of Mutual Correspondence" ("Путем взаимной переписки")
* 1976 "The Ivankiad" ("Иванькиада")
* 1979 "Pretender to the Throne: The Further Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin" ("Претендент на престол: Новые приключения солдата Ивана Чонкина")
* 1985 "The Anti-Soviet Soviet Union" ("Антисоветский Советский Союз")
* 1986 "
Moscow 2042" ("Москва 2042") (translated 1987), Harvest Books (September 24, 1990), ISBN 0-156-62165-7
* 1988 "The Fur Hat" ("Шапка") (translated 1989)
* 1994 "The Design" ("Замысел")
* 2000 "Monumental Propaganda" ("Монументальная пропаганда") (translated 2004), Overlook TP (June 6, 2006), ISBN 1-585-67811-2
* 2002 "A Portrait Against the Background of a Myth" ("Портрет на фоне мифа")
* [http://www.voinovich.ru Official website (in Russian)] Contains autobiography, art gallery, the transcript of the Writers' Union 1974 meeting, etc.
* [http://magazines.russ.ru/authors/v/vojnovich/ Magazine Hall (in Russian)]
* [http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=5476 Biography at Literary Encyclopedia]
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