- U.S.A. trilogy
U.S.A. Trilogy Author(s) John Dos Passos Country United States Language English Publisher Library of America Media type Hardcover Pages 1312 pages ISBN 978-1883011147 OCLC Number 33819088 Dewey Decimal 813/.52 20 LC Classification PS3507.O743 A6 1996
The U.S.A. Trilogy is a major work of American writer John Dos Passos, comprising the novels The 42nd Parallel (1930); 1919, also known as Nineteen Nineteen (1932); and The Big Money (1936). The three books were first published together in a single volume titled U.S.A by Harcourt Brace in January, 1938. Dos Passos had added a prologue with the title "U.S.A." to The Modern Library edition of The 42nd Parallel published the previous November, and the same plates were used by Harcourt Brace for the trilogy. Houghton Mifflin issued two boxed three-volume sets in 1946 with color endpapers and illustrations by Reginald Marsh. The first illustrated edition was limited to 365 copies, 350 signed by both Dos Passos and Marsh, in a deluxe binding with leather labels and beveled boards. The binding for the larger 1946 trade issue was tan buckram with red spine lettering and the trilogy designation "U.S.A." printed in red over a blue rectangle on both the spine and front cover. This illustrated edition was reprinted in various bindings until the Library of America edition appeared in 1996, 100 years after Dos Passos' birth.
The trilogy employs an experimental technique, incorporating four different narrative modes: fictional narratives telling the life stories of twelve fictional characters; collages of newspaper clippings and song lyrics labeled "Newsreel"; individually labeled short biographies of public figures of the time such as Woodrow Wilson and Henry Ford; and fragments of autobiographical stream of consciousness writing labeled "Camera Eye." The trilogy covers the historical development of American society during the first three decades of the twentieth century.
In 1998, the Modern Library ranked U.S.A. Trilogy 23rd on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.
The four narrative modes
In the fictional narrative sections, the U.S.A. trilogy relates the lives of twelve different characters as they struggle to find a place in American society during the early part of the twentieth century. Each character is presented to the reader from their childhood on and in free indirect speech. While their lives are quite separate and distinct, characters occasionally meet and interact with each other; also, some minor characters whose own point of view is never given crop up again and again in the background, forming a kind of bridge between the different characters.
"The Camera Eye" sections are written in stream of consciousness technique and add up to an autobiographical Künstlerroman of Dos Passos, tracing the author's development from a child to a politically committed writer. Camera Eye 50 arguably contains the most famous line of the whole trilogy, when Dos Passos states upon the executions of Sacco and Vanzetti: "all right we are two nations."
The "Newsreels" consist of front page headlines and article fragments from the Chicago Tribune for The 42nd Parallel and the New York World for Nineteen Nineteen and The Big Money, as well as lyrics from popular songs of the time. Newsreel 66, for example, immediately preceding Camera Eye 50 and announcing the Sacco and Vanzetti verdict, contains the lyrics of "The Internationale."
The biographies are accounts of historical figures. The most often anthologized of these biographies is "The Body of an American," which tells the story of an unknown soldier who fell in World War I which concludes Nineteen Nineteen.
However, the separation between these narrative modes is rather a stylistic than a thematic one. Thus, some critics have pointed out connections between the fictional character Mary French in The Big Money and journalist Mary Heaton Vorse, calling into question the strict separation between fictional characters and biographies; and coherent quotes from newspaper articles are often woven into the biographies as well, calling into question the strict separation between them and the "Newsreel" sections.
The fragmented narrative style of this trilogy later influenced the work of British science-fiction novelist John Brunner.
- ^ Dos Passos, John (1896-1970). U.S.A. Daniel Aaron & Townsend Ludington, eds. New York: Library of America, 1996. chronology p.1254.
- ^ Dos Passos, John (1896-1970). U.S.A. Daniel Aaron & Townsend Ludington, eds. New York: Library of America, 1996. chronology p.1256.
- ^ LCCN: 47-846 and OCLC: 1 870 524
- ^ a b bookseller descriptions: copies for sale, December 2010, at ABEbooks, Alibris, Amazon, Biblio and elsewhere
- ^ a b personal copies of both editions
John Dos Passos novelsOne Man's Initiation: 1917 · Three Soldiers · A Pushcart at the Curb · Rosinante to the Road Again · Streets of Night · Manhattan Transfer · Facing the Chair · Orient Express · The Ground we Stand On · Chosen Country · Most Likely to Succeed · The Head and Heart of Thomas Jefferson · The Men Who Made the Nation · The Great Days · Prospects of a Golden Age · Midcentury · Mr. Wilson's War · Brazil on the Move · The Best Times: An Informal Memoir · The Shackles of Power · The Portugal Story · Century's Ebb: The Thirteenth Chronicle · Easter Island: Island of Enigmas U.S.A. trilogyThe 42nd Parallel · 1919 · The Big Money District of ColumbiaAdventures of a Young Man · Number One · The Grand Design
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