Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Karnal | type = city | latd = 29.68 | longd = 76.98
locator_position = right | state_name = Haryana
district = Karnal
altitude = 228
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 210,476| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
postal_code = 132001
Karnal audio|Karnal.ogg|pronunciation (
Hindi: करनाल) is an important city and the headquarters of Karnal Districtin the Indian state of Haryana. Karnal is said to have been founded by the Kauravasin the Mahabharataera for the king Karna, a mythological hero & a key figure in the epic tale. It is midway between Delhiand Chandigarh, being 123 km north of Delhiand 126 km south of Chandigarh, on the National Highway NH-1, which is famous as the Grand Trunk Road. Delhi and Chandigarh can be reached from Karnal within 2 hours using the very high frequency bus service provided by the HaryanaRoadways. Karnal is famous for lush green pastures, Liberty shoes, the production of high-quality basmatirice and for its many agricultural and dairy research institutions. Liberty shoes was started from Karnal and has its largest manufacturing facility in the city.
Karnal is located at coord|29.68|N|76.98|E|. [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/10/Karnal.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Karnal] ] It has an elevation of 235 to 252
metres (748 feet). Karnal is known for its lush greenery. It is roughly equidistant from New Delhiand Chandigarh and lies not only on the G.T. road but also on the Delhi- Ambalarailway line. The Karnal Distt. is surrounded by Kurukshetra District on its north-west, jind & Kaithal Distt. on its west, Panipat Distt. on its south and Utter Pradesh on east. Yamuna River forms eastern boundary of the district and flows from north to south. The district is a part of the Ganga-Sindus (Indo-Gangestic) plains and has a well spread net work of western Yamuna canal. Its geographical area has been divided in to three agroclimatic regions, Khadar, Bhangar and Nardak belt. Khadar starts from Indri-Karnal road one mile away from Karnal covering the area in between Yamuna river and National Highway Road No.1 upto Patti-Kalyana village. Bhangar area starts from west of Khadar area covering Gharaunda, development block. The nardak area lies in Nissing, Nilokheri and Assandh development block. However, its water is saline and not fit for irrigation. The city is divided into several sectors, colonies and mohallas. Due to its strategic location, several big-brand builders like Sahara, Narsi Village, Palm Residency, Alpha City and Ansal Royale have built new luxury apartments and villas in the city.
The city of Karnal is said to have been founded by Raja
Karna, a central character in the Mahabharatawar. This is the same Karna, who was the eldest son of Kunti and thus Karnal is called "the city of Daanvir Karna". It has been a walled town as far as its history can be traced and it may have had a citadelat one time.
Karnal sprang into prominence in 1739 when Persian emperor
Nadir Shahdefeated and captured the Mughal ruler Muhammad Shahin the Battle of Karnal. Raja Gopal Singhof Jindseized Karnal in 1763, and the Marathas established themselves at Karnal in 1785. Skirmishes followed between the Marathas and the Sikhsand in 1795, the Marathas finally wrested the city from Raja Bhag Singhof Jind and made it over to the British-Irish military commander George Thomas, who took part in the fight. The British established a cantonmentin 1811 but abandoned it after 30 years due to an outbreak of malaria. The fort which had been built by Raja Gajpat Singhof Jind, was taken over by the British and converted into a residence for Dost Mohammad Khan, Amirof Kabul. The fort was used as a jail, as quarters for native cavalry and as a poorhouse. In 1862, it was made over to the Education Department, when the district school was moved into it from the city.
There is an interesting story that links Karnal with the birth and early history of
Pakistan. History suggests that the person who dragged back Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnahinto politics was from Karnal and lived in Kalandri Gate. The district of Karnal has given a lot of big political figures to Pakistanand Nawab Liaqat Ali Khan, the first Prime Ministerof Pakistan, ranks foremost amongst them. Liaqat Ali Khan was the Nawab of Kunjpuraand his palace has now been converted into a Sainik Schooland it is situated at a distance of 10 kilometers from the city of Karnal. The recent President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf also belongs basically from Karnal, his Haveli in ruins is still in Karnal city.
As of the
2001India census[GR|India] , Karnal had a population of 12,74,183. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Karnal has an average literacy rate of 72%, which is higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 68%. In Karnal, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Karnal is a major centre of agricultural and dairy research with the
National Dairy Research Institute(NDRI), Indian Agricultural Research Institute(IARI) Regional Station, CSSRI, Wheat Research Directorate, National Bureau of Animal Genetics Research, Regional Research Station of Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural Universityand Sugarcane Breeding Institute having major research facilities and centers in and around the town. Karnal Bunt, a major disease of wheat was first discovered in 1931 in IARI [ [http://www.aphis.usda.gov/lpa/pubs/fsheet_faq_notice/fs_phkarnal.html APHIS | News ] ] , Regional Station Karnal and that is how it got that name.
It was at the Karnal Flying Club that
Kalpana Chawla, a native of the city, first became interested in flying. She did her schooling from Tagore Baal Niketan Sr. Sec. School, Karnal in 1976 and completed her Bachelor of Science in Aeronautical Engineering in 1982 from Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh and Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering from University of Texas in 1984. She completed her Ph.D. in Aerospace Engineering from University of Colorado in 1988. She was the first Indian origin woman to go on a voyage in space. She died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disasteron February 1, 2003.
Karnal is an excellent center of school education and it boasts of a number of good schools. Saint Theresa's Convent Sr. Sec. School [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Theresa%27s_Convent_Sr._Sec._School,_Karnal_(HR),_India] , Tagore Baal Niketan Sr. Sec. School, Pratap Public School, Guru Harkrishan Public School and Dyal Singh Public School among others are well established institutes. Doon Valley Institute of Engineering and Technology is a leading engineering college many others have recently been established in Karnal and they offer various courses of engineering along with a few courses in management like MBA as well. Meanwhile, NDRI also offers degrees in Agricultural & Dairy Research. A proposal to develop a medical college in Karnal is being considered by the State government.
Madhuban Police Training College
Madhuban has a
Haryanapolice training complex and it is at a distance of 10 km from Karnal on the NH-1 in the direction of Delhi. It recruits students not only from Haryana but also from other states. [Haryana Government page on Police Training College [http://karnal.nic.in/adm_police.asp] ] The Forensic Science Laboratory, Haryana is also located in Madhuban. [Haryana Government page on FSL [http://fslharyana.nic.in/overview.htm] ] Madhuban has excellent sports facilities and has been declared a sports district. The annual police sports meets draw police personnel not only from the state but also from across the nation.
Places of interest
* Karnal Haveli (A theme resort)
* Mc Donalds
* Oasis Tourist Resort
* Golf Club,
* Atal Park,
* Rose Garden,
* Karna Taal
* Devi Temple
* Cantonment Church Tower
* Old Fort
* Gurdwara Manji Sahib
* Karan Gate market
* [http://karnal.nic.in/ Official site]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Karnal — Ajouter une image Administration Pays Inde État et territoire Haryana District … Wikipédia en Français
Karnal — ▪ India city, east central Haryana (Haryāna) state, northwestern India. It lies along the west bank of the Yamuna River and is just east of the Western Yamuna Canal. The name is said to be derived from that of Karma, a warrior in the… … Universalium
Karnal — Original name in latin Karnl Name in other language Karnal, Karnl, Карнал State code IN Continent/City Asia/Kolkata longitude 29.69009 latitude 76.98839 altitude 252 Population 225049 Date 2012 09 06 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Karnal — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Karnāl Country and Admin Code IN.10.1267709 IN … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Karnal district — Karnal ( hi. करनाल) is a district of Haryana. The district headquarters is Karnal town. It is one of the oldest districts in Haryana state, existing since the inception of the state on 1st November 1966. Kurukshetra, Kaithal and Panipat District… … Wikipedia
Karnal (disambiguation) — Karnal may refer to:*Karnal, a location in India. *Haji Karnal, an anti Taliban militia leader. *Karnal (film), winner of the Best Picture Award in the 9th Metro Manila Film Festival.ee alsohomophone * Carnal … Wikipedia
Karnal (Lok Sabha constituency) — Karnal is a Lok Sabha parliamentary constituency in Haryana. Members of Parliament*1951: Virendar Kumar Satyawadi, Indian National Congress *1962: Swami Rameshwaranand, Jan Sangh *1967: Madho Ram Sharma, Indian National Congress *1971: Madho Ram… … Wikipedia
Karnal bunt — Tilletia indica Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Division … Wikipedia
Karnal Sher Khan — Infobox Military Person name= Karnal Sher Khan lived= 1970 – 1999 placeofbirth= Swabi, NWFP placeofdeath=Kargil caption=Captain Karnal Sher Khan, Nishan e Haider nickname= allegiance= Pakistan Army serviceyears= rank= Captain commands= unit= 12… … Wikipedia
Karnal Flying Club — Infobox Airport name = Karnal Flying Club nativename = Karnal Airport nativename a = nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = ICAO = V140 type = Private/Public owner = operator = Airports Authority of India city served = location = Karnal… … Wikipedia