- Casimir II the Just
: "This article is about the 12th century Polish king. For other uses, please see
Casimir II, called the Just (Polish: "Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy"; 1138 –
5 May 1194), of the Piast Dynasty, was the youngest son of Boleslaus III by Salome von Berg-Schelklingen, daughter of Henry, Duke of Berg(of Wuerttemberg). He reigned as Duke of Krakówand senior prince of Poland (see Seniorate) from 1177 until his death.
Born shortly before or after his father's death, and omitted (possibly for that reason) from Boleslaus' will dividing the kingdom among Casimir's four elder brothers, he set about securing the basis for a claim to power. In 1167, he inherited from his brother Henry the dukedom of
Wiślica, and in 1173 he obtained that of Sandomierz.
Sometime between 1160 and 1165 Casimir married Princess
Helen of Znojmo. [http://homepage.mac.com/crowns/pl/avtxt.html]
In 1177, a rebellion by the barons of
Lesser Polandagainst Mieszko III the Oldled to the elevation of Casimir to the ducal throne of Kraków. In order to end internal conflicts within the decentralised Polish state, Casimir distributed lands to his nephews: Poznańto Otto, son of Mieszko the Old; Kuyaviato Leszek; Silesiato Boleslaus the Tall; Bytom, Racibórz, Oświęcim, and Siewierzto Mieszko; and Głogówto Conrad. Mieszko the Old was forced to give up Greater Polandto Otto.
In 1180, Casimir called an assembly of nobles at
Łęczyca. He granted privileges to the nobles and the Church, lifting a tax on the profits of the clergy and relinquishing his rights over the lands of deceased bishops. By these acts, he won acceptance of the principle of hereditary succession to Kraków, though it would take more than a century to restore the Polish kingship.
Casimir died unexpectedly at a banquet, probably of poisoning. He was succeeded in Kraków by his son
Leszek the White. He left another son, Conrad.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Casimir II — may refer to: *Casimir II the Just, Duke of Cracow and senior prince of Poland *Casimir II, Duke of Pomerania, duke of Pomerania Demmin *Casimir II, Duke of Cieszyn … Wikipedia
Casimir effect — Casimir forces on parallel plates Casimir forces on parallel pl … Wikipedia
Casimir — may refer to:* Casimir effect, an attraction between parallel plates best explained by quantum mechanics * Casimir invariant, of a Lie algebra * Casimir (dinosaur), from the French TV show l Île aux enfants * Casimir, Ontario a community in the… … Wikipedia
Casimir — m Anglicized spelling of Polish Kazimierz, derived from kazić to destroy + the Old Slavonic element meri great, famous (later taken as the medieval and modern word mir peace or world). This was a traditional name of Polish kings in the Middle… … First names dictionary
Casimir III of Poland — Infobox Polish monarch name=Casimir III the Great image caption= birthdate=birth date|1310|4|30|mf=y birthplace=Kowal, Poland deathdate=death date and age|1370|11|5|1310|4|30 deathplace=Kraków, Poland burial place=Wawel Cathedral, Kraków reign… … Wikipedia
Casimir II — ▪ duke of Poland byname Casimir the Just , Polish Kazimierz Sprawiedliwy born 1138 died May 5, 1194 duke of Kraków and of Sandomierz from 1177 to 1194. A member of the Piast dynasty, he drove his brother Mieszko III from the throne and… … Universalium
Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania — Casimir I or Kasimir I (* after 1130; † fall of 1180) was duke of Pomerania since his uncle Ratibor I s death in 1155/56. A son of Wartislaw I, he co ruled Pomerania with his older brother Bogislaw I, receiving Pomerania Demmin as his share just… … Wikipedia
Casimir Delavigne — Casimir Delavigne. French literature … Wikipedia
Casimir Ehrnrooth — Casimir Casse Ehrnrooth, titled Vuorineuvos , (born 6 April 1931) is Finnish magnate, former chairman of Nokia Corporation, although his serious career began in forest industry, and later he directed UPM Kymmene and Merita Nordbanken.Born as the… … Wikipedia
The Benedictine Order — The Benedictine Order † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… … Catholic encyclopedia