- Time Manner Place
Time Manner Place (TMP) describes one possible ordering of
adpositional phrases in sentences.
*Example: ... yesterday, by car, to the store.
An example of TMP in German is:
Linguistic typologyhas observed that TMP order is common among Subject Object Verb(SOV) languages. Two common SOV languages are Japanese and German. German uses V2 word orderin main clauses and other circumstances, but is fundamentally SOV.
The temporal phrase "heute" (today) comes first,the manner "mit dem Auto" (by car) is second,and the place, "nach München" (to Munich) is third.
One way to remember the German order is the acronym "ZAP":"Zeit" (time), "Art" (manner), "Platz" (place).Another
mnemonicfor the German order,but in the English language,is the word TeMPo.
English and French only use TMP order when the time is mentioned before the verb.This is common when time, manner, and place are all mentioned in the one sentence.An example in French is:
The temporal phrase "demain" (tomorrow) comes first,the manner "en auto" (by car) is second,and the place, "au magasin" (to the shop) is third.
* [http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa032700a.htm Word Order in German — Part 1: German Syntax]
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