Vyšehrad is a
castlelocated in the Czech Republic, built in the 10th century, on a hill over the Vltava River. Situated within the castle is the Cathedral of Saint Paul and Peter, as well as the Vyšehrad cemetery, containing the remains of many famous people from Czech history, among them Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetanaand Karel Čapek.
Vyšehrad and the area around it became part of the capital city,
Prague, in 1883. The area is one of the cadastral districts of the city.
Brief historical overview
The fortress was originally built in the tenth century. Local legend holds that Vyšehrad was the location of the first settlement which would later become Prague, though thus far this claim is unsubstantiated.
Přemyslid dynastysettled on the current site of Prague Castle, the two castles maintained opposing spheres of influence for approximately two centuries. When Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV began to build the Prague Castle in its current dimensions (in the early 14th century), Vyšehrad was abandoned as a royal home.
At the beginning of the
Hussite Wars, it was captured by the Hussites.
It underwent a renovation in the 17th century, when the
Habsburg Monarchytook over the Czech landsafter the Thirty Years' Warand became a training center for the Austrian Army. It was also incorporated into the Baroqueera city walls around Prague.
Battle of Vyšehrad
Má vlast(symphonic poem by Smetanaincluding a movement "Vyšehrad").
* [http://www.praha-vysehrad.cz/fsts.aspx?l=2 Official website]
* [http://www.czechatlas.com/prague/vysehrad/ Vysehrad Photogallery]
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