Out of the Inkwell


Out of the Inkwell
Out of the Inkwell
Directed by

Max Fleischer

Dave Fleischer
Produced by Max Fleischer
Written by Max Fleischer
Release date(s) 1918-1929
Country  United States
Language Silent film
Rotoscoped sequence of Koko the Clown from the 1919 film The Tantalizing Fly: length 45 seconds, 410 kbit/s overall.
Link to full size 480×320 pixels.
Link to complete film.
Still from an Inkwell Imps cartoon featuring Koko the Clown and Fitz the Dog.

Out of the Inkwell was a major animated series of the silent era produced by Max Fleischer from 1918 to 1929. The series was the result of three short experimental films that Max Fleischer independently produced in the period of 1914-1916 to demonstrate his invention, the Rotoscope, which was a device consisting of a film projector and easel used as an aid for achieving realistic movement for animated cartoons. The Rotoscope would project motion picture film through an opening in the easel, covered by a glass pane serving as a drawing surface. The image on the projected film was traced onto paper, advancing the film one frame at a time as each drawing would be made. Fleischer's younger brother Dave Fleischer was working as a clown at Coney Island, and served as the model for what was to become their first famous character that later evolved as "Koko the Clown."

Out of the Inkwell was begun at The Bray Studio as a monthly entry in The Bray Pictorgraph Screen Magazine produced for Paramount from 1918 to 1920, and later for Goldwyn in 1921. In that same year, The Fleischer brothers started their own studio, and in 1923, the clown who previously had no name came to be known as KO-KO when animation veteran Dick Huemer became the new Director of Animation production. Huemer, who had begun animation with the Mutt and Jeff cartoons in 1916, brought the influence of that series to "Out of the Inkwell" and created a small canine companion named Fitz. Huemer also redesigned the clown for animation and led the Fleischers away from their dependency on the Rotoscope for animating. He also defined the drawing style with his distinctive inking quality that the series was famous for.

But it was the integration and interaction of the live action sequences starring Max Fleischer as the artist and creator in contest with his pen and ink creations that propelled the series. Typically, the cartoons start out with live action showing the cartoonist (Max) beginning his day. He begins drawing the characters on paper, or he opens the inkwell and they come out and interact with reality.

The "Out of the Inkwell" series ran from 1918 to mid 1927, was renamed "The Inkwell Imps" for Paramount, and continued until 1929. Fleisher continued in the series, serving as actor, producer, writer, and animator for his studio Out of the Inkwell Films, Inc., producing 62 Out of the Inkwell and 56 Inkwell Imps films. While "The Inkwell Imps" series was replaced by the "Talkartoons" in 1929, Koko the Clown returned in 1931 as a supporting character with Bimbo and Betty Boop. Koko's last theatrical appearance was in the "Betty Boop" cartoon, "Ha-Ha-Ha" (1934), which was a remake of the silent "Out of the Inkwell" film, "The Cure" (1924). Koko had a brief cameo in his only color theatrical appearance in the "Screen Song" entry, "Toys will be Toys" (1949).

In 1955, "Out of the Inkwell," along with 2,500 other pre-1950 Paramount shorts and cartoons were sold to television packagers, the majority acquired by U.M.&M. TV Corporation. In 1958, Max Fleischer reactivated his studio in a partnership with Hal Seeger, and in 1960 produced a series of 100 Out Of The Inkwell five minute cartoons. In the new color series, KoKo had a clown girlfriend named KoKette and a villain named Mean Moe. Larry Storch provided the voice for KoKo and all of the supporting characters.

Contents

Filmography

The Bray Studio Years (1918-1920)

  • Experiment No. 1 (1918)
  • Experiment No. 2 (1919)
  • Experiment No. 3 (1919)
  • The Clown's Pup (1919)
  • The Tantalizing Fly (1919)
  • Slides (1919)
  • The Boxing Kangaroo (1920)
  • The Chinaman (1920)
  • The Circus (1920)
  • The Ouija Board (1920)
  • The Clown's Little Brother (1920)
  • Poker (1920)
  • Perpetual Motion (1920)
  • The Restaurant (1920)
  • Cartoonland (1921)
  • The Automobile Ride (1921)

1921-1926

  • Modeling (1921)
  • Fishing (1921)
  • Invisible Ink (1921)
  • The Fish (1922)
  • The Dresden Doll (1922)
  • The Mosquito (1922)
  • Bubbles, Flies (1922)
  • Pay Day (1922)
  • The Hypnotist (1922)
  • The Challenge (1922)
  • The Show (1922)
  • The Reunion (1922)
  • The Birthday (1922)
  • Jumping Beans (1923)
  • Surprise (1923)
  • The Puzzle (1923)
  • Trapped (1923)
  • The Battle (1923)
  • False Alarm (1923)
  • Balloons (1923)
  • The Fortune Teller (1923)
  • Shadows (1923)
  • Bed Time (1923)
  • The Laundry (1924)
  • Masquerade (1924)
  • The Cartoon Factory (1924)
  • Mother Gooseland (1924)
  • A Trip To Mars (1924)
  • A Stitch in Time (1924)
  • Clay Town (1924)
  • The Runaway (1924)
  • Vacation (1924)
  • Vaudeville (1924)
  • League of Nations (1924)
  • Sparring Partners (1924)
  • The Cure (1924)
  • Koko the Hot Shot (1925)
  • Koko the Barber (1925)
  • Big Chief Koko (1925)
  • The Storm (1925)
  • Koko Trains 'Em (1925)
  • Koko Sees Spooks (1925)
  • Koko Celebrates the Fourth (1925)
  • Koko Nuts (1925)
  • Koko on the Run (1925)
  • Koko Packs 'Em (1925)
  • Koko Eats (1925)
  • Koko's Thanksgiving (1925)
  • Koko Steps Out (1925)
  • Koko in Toyland (1925)
  • My Bonnie September (1925)
  • Koko's Paradise (1926)
  • Koko Baffles the Bulls (1926)
  • It's the Cats (1926)
  • Koko at the Circus (1926)
  • Toot Toot (1926)
  • Koko Hot After It (1926)
  • The Fadeaway (1926)
  • Koko's Queen (1926)
  • Koko Kidnapped (1926)
  • Koko the Convict (1926)
  • Koko Gets Egg-Cited (1926)

Inkwell Imps (1927-1929)

  • Koko Back Tracks (1927)
  • Koko Makes 'Em Laugh (1927)
  • Koko in 1999 (1927)
  • Koko the Kavalier (1927)
  • Koko Needles the Boss (1927)
  • Ko-Ko Plays Pool (1927)
  • Ko-Ko's Kane (1927)
  • Ko-Ko the Knight (1927)
  • Ko-Ko Hops Off (1927)
  • Ko-Ko the Kop (1927)
  • Ko-Ko Explores (1927)
  • Ko-Ko Chops Suey (1927)
  • Ko-Ko's Klock (1927)
  • Ko-Ko's Quest (1927)
  • Ko-Ko the Kid (1927)
  • Ko-Ko's Kink (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Kozy Korner (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Germ Jam (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Bawth (1928)
  • Ko-Ko Smokes (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Tattoo (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Earth Control (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Hot Dog (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Haunted House (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Lamp Aladdin (1928)
  • Ko-Ko Squeals (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Field Daze (1928)
  • Ko-Ko Goes Over (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Catch (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's War Dogs (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Chase (1928)
  • Ko-Ko Heaves Ho (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Big Pull (1928)
  • Ko-Ko Cleans Up (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Parade (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Dog Gone (1928)
  • Ko-Ko in the Rough (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Magic (1928)
  • Ko-Ko on the Track (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Act (1928)
  • Ko-Ko's Courtship (1928)
  • No Eyes Today (1929)
  • Noise Annoys Ko-Ko (1929)
  • Ko-Ko Beats Time (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Reward (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Hot Ink (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Crib (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Saxophonies (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Knock Down (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Signals (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Conquest (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Focus (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Harem Scarum (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Big Sale (1929)
  • Ko-Ko's Hypnotism (1929)
  • Chemical Ko-Ko (1929)

External links

Media related to Out of the Inkwell at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to The Tantalizing Fly at Wikimedia Commons


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Out of the Inkwell — est le nom d une série de courts métrages d animation de Max Fleischer ayant eu plusieurs personnages principaux dont Koko le Clown et Betty Boop. La série a été produite au sein des J.R. Bray Studios Sommaire 1 Historique 2 Filmograhie 2.1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Out of the Inkwell (1938 cartoon) — Out of the Inkwell Betty Boop series Directed by Dave Fleischer Produced by Max Fleischer (producer) S. Roy Luby (associate producer) Voices by …   Wikipedia

  • The Podge Cast — is a podcast about geek culture, including role playing games, MMOs, table top games, movies, music, books and and other topics. The Podge Cast is hosted by Matt Cushman, Dr. Lucias Luke Meyer, Adam Pinilla, and Joe Selby. Fans also refer to the… …   Wikipedia

  • The Books of Magic — Infobox comic book title title = The Books of Magic caption = Cover of the first issue of the ongoing series. schedule = format = (vol 1.) Mini series (vol 2.) ongoing limited =Y ongoing =Y publisher = DC Comics (Vertigo for volume 2 and the… …   Wikipedia

  • The Secret Sharer — Infobox Book name = The Secret Sharer image caption = The cover of The Secret Sharer author = Joseph Conrad country = language = English genre = Short Story written = December 1909 publisher = Harper s release date = 1912 isbn = 0486275469 The… …   Wikipedia

  • The New Spirit — is a World War II propaganda animated short film created by Walt Disney Studios in 1942 and sponsored by the United States Department of the Treasury. In 1943 the film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.Plot… …   Wikipedia

  • The WELL — Infobox Website name = Whole Earth Lectronic Link caption = url = http://www.well.com/ commercial = type = language = registration = owner = author = launch date = February 1985cite web |url=http://www.well.com/conf/welltales/timeline.html |title …   Wikipedia

  • The Cocoanuts — This article is about the 1929 film. For 1925 Broadway musical, see The Cocoanuts (musical). The Cocoanuts Theatrical release poster Directed by Robert …   Wikipedia

  • Koko the Clown — is an animated character created by animation pioneer Max Fleischer. The character originated when Max Fleischer invented the rotoscope, a device that allowed for animation to be more lifelike by tracing motion picture footage of human movement.… …   Wikipedia

  • Oswald the Lucky Rabbit — Oswald le lapin chanceux Oswald le lapin chanceux Logo promotionnel d Oswald par le studio Disney vers 1927 Titre original Oswald the Lucky Rabbit Genre courts métrages animés Noir Blanc puis couleur Créateur(s …   Wikipédia en Français