- Bardic poetry
Bardic Poetry refers to the writings of poets trained in the
Bardic Schools of Irelandand the Gaelic parts of Scotland, as they existed down to about the middle of the 17th century, or, in Scotland, the early 18th century. Most of the texts preserved are in Middle Irishor in early Modern Irish,however, even though the manuscripts were very plentiful very few were printed. It was considered a period of great literary stability due to the formalized literary language that changed very little. This allowed Bardic poets to travel over parts of Ireland and Gaelic Scotland with little difficulty.
Irish file or
bards (there was a technical distinction between the ranks, but the terms in later times were used interchangeably) formed a professional hereditary casteof highly trained, learned poets. The bards were steeped in the history and traditions of clanand country, as well as in the technical requirements of a verse technique that was syllabic and used assonance, half rhymeand alliteration. As officials of the court of king or chieftain, they performed a number of official roles. The bards' approach to the official duties of whatever the situation might have been was very traditional and drawn from precedent. However, even though many Bardic poets were traditional in their approach, there were also some who added personal feelings into their poems and also had the ability to adapt with changing situations although conservative.They were chroniclers and satirists whose job it was to praise their employers and damn those who crossed them.
Much of their work would not strike the modern reader as being poetry at all, consisting as it does of extended genealogies and almost journalistic accounts of the deeds of their lords and ancestors: the Irish bard was not necessarily an inspired poet, but rather a professor of literature and a man of letters, highly trained in the use of a polished literary medium, belonging to a hereditary caste of high prestige in an aristocratic society (very conservative and based on prestige), holding an official position therein by virtue of his training, his learning, his knowledge of the history and traditions of his country and his clan (Bergin 1912).
"The following is an example of a Bardic poem from the translations of Osborn Bergin:"
Filled with sharp dart-like pens
Limber tipped and firm, newly trimmed
Paper cushioned under my hand
Percolating upon the smooth slope
The leaf a fine and uniform script
A book of verse in ennobling Goidelic.
I learnt the roots of each tale, branch
Of valour and the fair knowledge,
That I may recite in learned lays
Of clear kindred stock and each person's
Family tree, exploits of wonder
Travel and musical branch
Soft voiced, sweet and slumberous
A lullaby to the heart.
Grant me the gladsome gyre, loud
Brilliant, passionate and polished
Rushing in swift frenzy, like a blue edged
Bright, sharp-pointed spear
In a sheath tightly corded;
The cause itself worthy to contain.
An example of a Bardic Poet can also be seen in the book "The Year of the French" by Thomas Flanagan. In this book, a character by the name of Owen MacCarthy is bard known for his training with the native language as well as English. He is turned to in order to write specefic, important letters by a group named the "Whiteboys". They are in need of someone skilled with writing letters, such as a bard like MacCarthy.
Osborn Bergin, 'Bardic Poetry: a lecture delivered in 1912', in "Irish Bardic Poetry", Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (1970).
*Michelle O'Riordan, "Irish Bardic Poetry and Rhetorical Reality", Cork University Press [http://www.corkuniversitypress.com] (2007)
*The Oxford Companion to Irish Literature by Robert Welch, Bruce Stewart
Early Irish literature
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
bardic — adjective being a bard or relating to a bard s poetry bardic poetry • Pertains to noun: ↑bard … Useful english dictionary
Bardic — Bard ic, a. Of or pertaining to bards, or their poetry. The bardic lays of ancient Greece. G. P. Marsh. [1913 Webster] || … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Bardic name — A bardic name is a pseudonym, used in Wales, Cornwall and Brittany, by poets and other artists, especially those involved in the eisteddfod movement.The Welsh term bardd ( poet , from which derives the English word bard ) originally referred to… … Wikipedia
Irish poetry — The history of Irish poetry includes the poetries of two languages, one in Irish and the other in English. The complex interplay between these two traditions, and between both of them and other poetries in English, has produced a body of work… … Wikipedia
Meter (poetry) — In poetry, meter (metre in British English) is the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse. Many traditional verse forms prescribe a specific verse meter, or a certain set of meters alternating in a particular order. The study of… … Wikipedia
MacMhuirich bardic family — The MacMhuirich bardic family, known in Scottish Gaelic as Clann MacMhuirich and Clann Mhuirich, was a prominent family of bards and other professionals in 15th to 18th centuries. The family was centred in the Hebrides, and claimed descent… … Wikipedia
New American Poetry, 1945-1960, The — Donald Allen, ed. (1960) This landmark anthology, edited by Donald M(erriam) Allen (1912–2004), introduced Beat poets and other avant garde post–World War II poets to a wide reading audience on its publication by Grove Press in 1960. It… … Encyclopedia of Beat Literature
Medieval poetry — Because most of what we have was written down by clerics, much of extant medieval poetry is religious. The chief exception is the work of the troubadours and the minnesänger, whose primary innovation was the ideal of courtly love. Among the most… … Wikipedia
Welsh poetry — may refer to poetry in the Welsh language, Anglo Welsh poetry, or other poetry written in Wales or by Welsh poets.History Main Article: Medieval Welsh literature Wales has one of the earliest literary traditions in Northern Europe, stretching… … Wikipedia
Celtic literature — Introduction the body of writings composed in Gaelic and the languages derived from it, Scottish Gaelic and Manx, and in Welsh and its sister languages, Breton and Cornish. For writings in English by Irish, Scottish, and Welsh authors, see… … Universalium