- Natural Environment Research Council
Natural Environment Research Council Abbreviation NERC Formation 1965 Legal status Government agency Purpose/focus Funding of UK environmental science research Headquarters Polaris House Location North Star Avenue, Swindon, UK Region served UK Chief Executive Dr Stephen Wilson (Acting) Main organ NERC Council Parent organization BIS Affiliations AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, RCUK, STFC, TSB, UKSA Budget £400m Website NERC
NERC began in 1965 when several environmental (mainly geographic) research organisations (including Nature Conservancy which became the Nature Conservancy Council in 1973 and was divided up in 1991) were brought under the one umbrella organisation. When most research councils were re-organised in 1994, it had new responsibilities - Earth observation and science-developed archaeology. Collaboration between research councils increased in 2002 when Research Councils UK was formed.
- Sir John Lawton 1999-2005
- Professor Alan Thorpe 2005-2011
- Dr Stephen Wilson (Acting) - 2011-2012
- Professor Duncan Wingham - from 1st January 2012(BIS announcement)
The council's head office is at Polaris House in Swindon, alongside the other six Research Councils.
NERC supports several research centres including the British Antarctic Survey, the British Geological Survey, the National Oceanography Centre, the National Centre for Atmospheric Science, the National Centre for Earth Observation and the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. It also supports a number of collaborative centres of excellence and subject-based designated Environmental Data Centres for the storage and distribution of environmental data.
The Natural Environment Research Council delivers independent research, survey, training and knowledge transfer in the environmental sciences, to advance knowledge of planet Earth as a complex, interacting system. The council's work covers the full range of atmospheric, Earth, biological, terrestrial and aquatic sciences, from the deep oceans to the upper atmosphere, and from the geographical poles to the equator.
NERC's mission is to gather and apply knowledge, create understanding and predict the behaviour of the natural environment and its resources, and communicate all aspects of the council's work. The British Meteorological Office is not part of NERC.
In Sutradhar v Natural Environment Research Council  UKHL 60,  4 All ER 490, the NERC was sued by a Bangladeshi national, Mr Sutradhur, who claimed that he got ill after drinking water that the NERC had done a report on. The NERC had prepared a geological report, which Mr Sutradhur alleged had induced the Bangladeshi government to not take any steps to ensure that the drinking water was not contaminated by arsenic. The House of Lords held that there was no proximate relationship between the parties to give rise to a duty of care. In other words, they held that the NERC's report were not there to be relied upon by residents that they had never heard of or met, even if the reports were negligently prepared.
Airborne Research and Survey Facility
The NERC Airborne Research and Survey Facility (ARSF) collects and processes remotely sensed data for use by the scientific community. The data are collected by various instruments on-board a Dornier 228 research aircraft based in Gloucester, UK. These instruments currently include a Leica LIDAR and two hyperspectral sensors, Eagle and Hawk. Meteorological data are also collected in-flight.
Processing is performed by ARSF-DAN (Data Analysis Node) at Plymouth Marine Laboratory.
- Conservation biology
- Conservation ethic
- Conservation movement
- David Carson (climatologist)
- Ecology movement
- Environmental movement
- Environmental protection
- Habitat conservation
- List of environmental organizations
- Natural environment
- Natural capital
- Natural resource
- Renewable resource
- Royal Research Ship
- Sustainable development
- Official website
- British Antarctic Survey (BAS)
- British Geological Survey (BGS)
- Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH)
- Green Textbooks (GT)
- National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS)
- National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO)
- NERC Centre for Population Biology
- National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (NOCS)
- Research Councils UK (RCUK)
- ARSF homepage
- ARSF-DAN Wiki
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Research Council — The UK Research Councils are government agencies responsible for co ordinating and funding particular areas of research, including the arts, humanties, all areas of science and engineering. They have five main functions, which are to: * Fund… … Wikipedia
research council — n any of several government organizations in Britain that support and carry out scientific research, and also provide scientific advice and information to the public and to professional groups. Among the largest research councils are the Medical… … Universalium
Natural scientific research in Canada — This article outlines the history of natural scientific research in Canada, including mathematics, physics, astronomy, space science, geology, oceanography, chemistry, biology, medical research and psychology. The social sciences are not treated… … Wikipedia
Spanish National Research Council — This article is about a research organization in Spain. For a shipbuilding company in China, see China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation. Spanish National Research Council Agency overview Formed … Wikipedia
Medical Research Council (UK) — Medical Research Council MRC logo Abbreviation MRC Formation 1913 Legal status Government agency Purpose/focus … Wikipedia
Science and Engineering Research Council — The Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) used to be the UK agency in charge of publicly funded scientific and engineering research activities including astronomy, biotechnology and biological sciences, space research and particle… … Wikipedia
National Research Council (Canada) — National Research Council Conseil national de recherches Canada Agency overview Formed 1916 Jurisdiction Governmen … Wikipedia
Research Councils UK — (RCUK) is a strategic partnership between the seven UK Research Councils. It enables the Councils to work together more effectively to enhance the overall impact and effectiveness of their research, training and innovation activities,… … Wikipedia
environment — environmental, adj. environmentally, adv. /en vuy reuhn meuhnt, vuy euhrn /, n. 1. the aggregate of surrounding things, conditions, or influences; surroundings; milieu. 2. Ecol. the air, water, minerals, organisms, and all other external factors… … Universalium
Research funding — ] .Most research funding comes from two major sources, corporations (through research and development departments) and government (primarily carried out through universities and specialised government agencies). Some small amounts of scientific… … Wikipedia