German Tyrol


German Tyrol

German Tyrol ( _de. Deutschtirol; _it. Tirolo tedesco) is a historical region in the Alps now divided between Austria and Italy. It includes largely ethnic German areas of historical Tyrol: the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian region known as the Alto Adige/Südtirol but not the largely Italian-speaking province of Trento (Trentino) ("Welschtirol").

History

German Tyrol was historically an integral part of the Habsburg constituent Princely County of Tyrol but, with the imminent collapse of Habsburg Austria-Hungary at the end of World War I, areas of the empire with an ethnic German majority began to take actions to form a new state.

On 11 November 1918, Emperor Charles I of Austria relinquished power and, on 12 November, these ethnic German areas, including the Province of German Tyrol (German: "Provinz Deutschtirol") were declared the Republic of German Austria with the intent of unifying with Germany. However, Alto Adige/Südtirol had already been overrun by Italian troops and that area was attached to Italy. The remainder of German Tyrol became the Austrian federal state of Tyrol.

The status of Tyrol was definitively settled by the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye that established the division of the region that remains to this day.

ee also

*Tyrol
*German Austria
*Alto Adige/Südtirol


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