- German Tyrol
German Tyrol ( _de. Deutschtirol; _it. Tirolo tedesco) is a historical region in the
Alpsnow divided between Austriaand Italy. It includes largely ethnic Germanareas of historical Tyrol: the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyroland East Tyrol) and the Italian region known as the Alto Adige/Südtirolbut not the largely Italian-speaking province of Trento (Trentino) ("Welschtirol").
German Tyrol was historically an integral part of the Habsburg constituent
Princely County of Tyrolbut, with the imminent collapse of Habsburg Austria-Hungaryat the end of World War I, areas of the empire with an ethnic German majority began to take actions to form a new state.
11 November1918, Emperor Charles I of Austriarelinquished power and, on 12 November, these ethnic German areas, including the Province of German Tyrol (German: "Provinz Deutschtirol") were declared the Republic of German Austriawith the intent of unifying with Germany. However, Alto Adige/Südtirolhad already been overrun by Italian troops and that area was attached to Italy. The remainder of German Tyrol became the Austrian federal state of Tyrol.
The status of Tyrol was definitively settled by the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye that established the division of the region that remains to this day.
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