- Building design
Building design refers to the broadly based architectural, engineering and technical applications to the design of buildings. All building projects require the services of a building designer, typically a licensed architect or structural engineer. Smaller, less complicated projects often do not require a licensed professional, and the design of such projects is often undertaken by building designers, draftspersons, interior designers (for interior fit-outs or renovations), or contractors. Larger, more complex building projects require the services of many professionals trained in specialist disciplines, usually coordinated by an architect or engineer.
Architects have the main job in designing the structure and the capability to be the leader of the project and always need to make sure they can control the structure.
Building engineering typically includes the services of electrical, mechanical and Structural engineers.
A draftsperson or documenter is someone who has attained a certificate or diploma in architectural drafting (or equivalent training), and provides services relating to the preparation of construction documents rather than building design. Some draftspersons are employed by architectural design firms and building contractors, while others are self-employed.
In many places, building codes and legislation of professions allow persons to design single family residential buildings and in some cases light commercial buildings without an architectural license. As such, "Building designer" is a common designation in the United States, Canada and elsewhere for someone who offers building design services but is not a licensed architect or engineer.
Anyone may use the title of "building designer" in the broadest sense. In many places, a building designer may achieve certification demonstrating a higher level of training. In the US, the National Council of Building Designer Certification (NCBDC), an offshoot of the American Institute of Building Design, administers a program leading to the title of Certified Professional Building Designer (CPBD). In most cases, building designers are trained as architectural technologists or draftspersons; they may also be architecture school graduates that have not completed licensing requirements.
Many building designers are known as "residential" or "home designers", since they focus mainly on residential design and remodeling. In the American state of Nevada, "Residential Designer" is a regulated term for those who are registered as such under Nevada State Board of Architecture, Interior Design and Residential Design, and one may not legally represent oneself in a professional capacity without being currently registered.
Building Surveyor (UK)
Building surveyors are technically minded general practitioners in the United Kingdom, Australia and elsewhere, trained much like architectural technologists. In the UK, the knowledge and expertise of the building surveyor is applied to various tasks in the property and construction markets, including building design for smaller residential and light commercial projects. This aspect of the practice is similar to other European occupations, most notably the geometra in Italy, but also the géomètre in France, Belgium and Switzerland. the building surveyors are also capable on establishment of bills of quantities for the new works and renovation or maintenance or rehabilitation works.
The profession of Building Surveyor does not exist in the US. The title Surveyor refers almost exclusively to Land surveyors. Architects, Building Designers, Residential Designers, Construction Managers, and Home Inspectors perform some or all of the work of the U.K. Building Surveyor.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Building Design Partnership — (BDP) is a firm of architects and engineers employing over 800 staff in the UK and over 140 more internationally. It designs 2% of all the new, non residential building (and some of the housing) in the UK each year . [… … Wikipedia
Building Design Partnership — (BDP) est une firme d architectes et d ingénieurs qui emploient plus de 1.200 employés dans le Royaume Uni qu à l étranger. Fondation La firme a été fondée en 1961 par George Grenfell Baines avec les architectes Bill White et John Wilkinson,… … Wikipédia en Français
Building Design & Construction — Infobox Newspaper name = Building Design + Construction caption = type = business magazine format = Paper and online magazine foundation = 1950 ceased publication = price = owners = Reed Business Information editor = Robert Cassidy founder =… … Wikipedia
Passive solar building design — Elements of passive solar design, shown in a direct gain application … Wikipedia
Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau — Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau Type state enterprise Industry arms industry Founded 1927 Headquarters Khark … Wikipedia
Dualchas Building Design — The Dualchas Building Design group is an architecture practice based on the Isle of Skye in the Highlands of Scotland. Dualchas Building Design took the traditional vernacular house designs of the Highlands, such as the black house and long house … Wikipedia
History of passive solar building design — Pre modern History The techniques of passive solar building design were practiced for thousands of years, by necessity, before the advent of mechanical heating and cooling. It has remained a traditional part of vernacular architecture in many… … Wikipedia
Passive Solar (Building) Design — A building design that uses structural elements of a building to heat and cool a building, without the use of mechanical equipment, which requires careful consideration of the local climate and solar energy resource, building orientation, and… … Energy terms
Dissipator (building design) — Main article: Vibration control A dissipator is a device mounted among some sections of a building to reduce strains during an earthquake by slowing down the shaking of the building. During an earthquake, the sections of the building are… … Wikipedia
Building Information Modeling — (BIM) is the process of generating and managing building data during its life cycle [Lee, G., Sacks, R., and Eastman, C. M. (2006). Specifying parametric building object behavior (BOB) for a building information modeling system. Automation in… … Wikipedia