Biological art metal

Biological art metal

Biological art metal is a name given to a new movement in the art metal field whereby biological forms serve as the artist's models. An emphasis is placed on exactly replicating nature as is the case, for example, in scientific illustration. Biological art metal may be used as sculpture, decorative objects, jewelry or housewares. Both botanical or zoological forms or a mixture of the two may serve as the artist's subject.


Although, many metal art techniques may be used, biological art metal is generally rendered through advanced casting processes, in particular lost wax casting processes. Cast waxes are taken from multi-part molds made from tin or platinum catalyzed silicone. The waxes are then invested in a plaster-like substance and then "burned out" at high temperatures leaving a negative space. The negative space is subsequently filled with molten metal. Vacuum, gravity or centrifugal casting may be employed. Metals are usually limited to gold, silver and bronze although stainless steel and cobalt chrome have been used. A high level of skill is needed in the preparation of molds and waxes in order to render sharp details.

Many metal artists forgo the mold and wax making steps and directly cast biological materials, but the resulting products are limited to those with burn-out characteristics similar to casting wax. For direct burn-out, favorite subjects are wooden specimens and soft insects (such as spiders) which burn out cleanly. Calcareous materials, such as hard-shell insect carapaces, sea shells, rocks, gar skins and crustaceans don't generally lend themselves to direct casting.


Biological art metal might be considered a modern elaboration on the Art Nouveau movement in jewelry design and art. In her authoritative 1985 work on the subject, "Art Nouveau Jewelry", Vivienne Becker details the influence of nature on art nouveau jewelers such as Vever Aucoc, Lalique, Wolfers and Falize. Art nouveau jewelry designers (in France especially) were enormously influenced by art imported from Japan by Samuel Bing and nature was an important theme in the japonisme. Bing writes,

"The Japanese artist convinced that nature contains the primordial elements of all things, and ...nothing exists in creation, be it only a blade of grass, that is not worthy of a place in the loftiest conceptions of Art." (Becker, 1985).
In many ways, thus, the biological art metal movement represents a revival of the art nouveau in jewelry and metalwares.


External links

* [ Examples of Biological Art Metal]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots — North American box art Developer(s) Kojima Productions P …   Wikipedia

  • art conservation and restoration — Maintenance and preservation of works of art, their protection from future damage, deterioration, or neglect, and the repair or renovation of works that have deteriorated or been damaged. Research in art history has relied heavily on 20th and… …   Universalium

  • List of Metal Gear Solid characters — This is a list of characters appearing in the video game Metal Gear Solid (and, by extension, its remake, ). All characters were created by Hideo Kojima and designed by Yoji Shinkawa; [citeweb| author = Gamespot… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Metal Gear characters — The Metal Gear franchise features a large number of fictional characters. The series canon comprises (not including re releases and remakes) Metal Gear (MG) and Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake (MG2) for the MSX2, Metal Gear Solid (MGS) for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Astro art — is the product of an artist and a creative idea, associated with astronomy or atmospheric objects or phenomena, both real or imagined, future or historical. It is the creative and often unique process of communicating ideas about such objects or… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Bing — Siegfried Samuel Bing (1838 ndash; September 1905) was a German art dealer in Paris, who was prominent in the introduction of Japanese art and artworks to the West and the development of the Art Nouveau style in the late nineteenth century.Bing… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Washington, D.C. — The history of Washington, D.C. (officially known as the District of Columbia) is tied to its role as the capital of the United States. The site along the Potomac River was chosen for the capital city by George Washington. The city came under… …   Wikipedia

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium

  • Nobel Prizes — ▪ 2009 Introduction Prize for Peace       The 2008 Nobel Prize for Peace was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari, former president (1994–2000) of Finland, for his work over more than 30 years in settling international disputes, many involving ethnic,… …   Universalium

  • List of Chinese inventions — A bronze Chinese crossbow mechanism with a buttplate (the wooden components have …   Wikipedia

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.