- George Everest
name = George Everest
caption = Photograph of Everest
4 July, 1790
1 December, 1866
residence = Crickhowell, Wales
nationality = Welsh
Great Trigonometric Surveyof India
Sir George was largely responsible for completing the section of the
Great Trigonometric Surveyof Indiaalong the meridian arc from the south of India extending north to Nepal, a distance of approximately 2400 kilometres. The survey was started by William Lambtonin 1806 and lasted several decades. Mount Everestwas named in his honour and surveyed by his successor, Andrew Waugh.
He was born in the Manor of Gwernvale at
Crickhowellin Powys, in 1790.
Pronunciation of "Everest"
Sir George Everest's
surnameis pronEng|ˈiːvrɪst [cite video | people = Claypole, Jonty (Director); Kunzru, Hari (Presenter) | url = http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0074phg | title = Mapping Everest | medium = TV Documentary | publisher = BBC Television | location = London | year2 = 2003 ] , even though the mountain named after him — " Mount Everest" — is pronEng|ˈɛvərɪst, ˈɛvrɪst [ [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Everest%2C%20Mount?r=14 Everest, Mount - Definitions from Dictionary.com] (Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2006)] .
In 1818, Everest was appointed as assistant to Colonel
William Lambton, who had started the Great Trigonometrical Survey of the sub-continent in 1806. On Lambton's death in 1823, he succeeded to the post of superintendent of the survey and in 1830 was appointed Surveyor-General of India.
Everest retired in 1843 and returned to live in the
United Kingdom, where he became a Fellow of the Royal Society. He was knighted in 1861 and in 1862 he was elected Vice-President of the Royal Geographical Society. He died at Greenwich in 1866 and is buried in St Andrew's Church, Hove, near Brighton. His niece, Mary Everest, married mathematician George Boole.
* John Keay. 2000. "The Great Arc". London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-257062-9.
* J. R. Smith. 1999. "Everest - The Man and the Mountain". Caithness: Whittles Publishing. ISBN 1-870325-72-9.
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