- Thomas Sully
name = Thomas Sully
caption = Thomas Sully,
daguerreotypeby Mathew Brady's studio of an oil painting, between 1851 and 1860.
birth_date = June 19, 1783
birth_place = Horncastle,
death_date = November 5, 1872
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
occupation = Painter
Thomas Sully (
June 19, 1783– November 5, 1872) was a well-known American (English-born) painter, mostly of portraits.
Life and career
Sully was born in Horncastle,
Lincolnshire, England, to the actors Matthew and Sarah Sully. In March 1792 the Sullys and their nine children immigrated to Richmond, Virginia, where Thomas’s uncle managed a theater. The boy attended school in New York Cityuntil 1794, when his mother died and he returned to Richmond. By July of that year the family was in Charleston, South Carolina. After a brief apprenticeship to an insurance broker who recognized his artistic talent, at age 12 or thereabouts Sully began painting and studied with his brother-in-law Jean Belzons(active 1794–1812), a French miniaturist, until they had a falling-out in 1799. He then returned to Richmond to learn "miniature & Device painting" from his elder brother Lawrence Sully (1769–1804). After Lawrence Sully's death, Thomas Sully married his sister-in-law, Lawrence's widow, Sarah Annis Sullyand not only take on the raising of Lawrence's children but have a further nine children with Sarah himself. Among the children were Alfred Sully, Mary Chester Sully (who married Sully's protégé, the painter John Neagle), Jane Cooper Sully Darley, Blanche, Rosalie Sully, and Thomas Wilcocks Sully. Sully was also one of the founding members of The Musical Fund Society[http://phonoarchive.org/grove/Entries/S21550.htm Phono Archive] where he painted the portraits of many of the musicians and composers.
Sully became a professional painter at age 18 in 1801. He studied face-painting under
Gilbert Stuartin Bostonfor three weeksref|1. After some time in Virginiawith this brother, Sully moved to New York, after which he moved to Philadelphia in 1806, where he resided for the remainder of his life. In 1809 he traveled to Londonfor nine months of study under Benjamin West.
Sully's 1824 portraits of
John Quincy Adams, who became President within the year, and then the Marquis de Lafayette appear to have brought him to the forefront of his day. (His Adams portrait may be seen in the National Gallery of Art, Washington.) Many famous Americans of the day had their portraits painted by him. In 1837-1838 he was in London to paint Queen Victoria at the request of Philadelphia's St. George's Society. His daughter Blanche assisted him as the Queen's "stand-in", modeling the Queen's costume when she was not available. One of Sully's portraits of Thomas Jeffersonis owned by the Jefferson Literary and Debating Societyat the University of Virginiaand hangs in that school's Rotunda. Another Jefferson portrait, this one head-to-toe, hangs at West Point, as is his portrait of Alexander Macomb (American general).
Sully's own index indicates that he produced 2631 paintings from 1801, most of which are currently in the United States. His style resembles that of Thomas Lawrence. Though best known as a portrait painter, Sully also made historical pieces and landscapes. An example of the former is the 1819 "Passage of the Delaware", now on display at the
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Death and legacy
Sully died in Philadelphia on
November 5, 1872, where he had spent the majority of his long and successful career. He is buried in the Laurel Hill Cemetery. His book "Hints to young painters" was published after his death.
Alfred Sully, was a brigadier generalin the Union Armyduring the American Civil War. Through Alfred, he is the great-grandfather of the noted Yankton Siouxethnologist and writer Ella Deloriaand the great-great grandfather of Standing Rock Siouxscholar and writer Vine Deloria, Jr.author of Custer Died For Your Sins in 1969, an American Indian civil rights manifesto.
Sully was a great-uncle of the
New Orleans-based architect, also named Thomas Sully (1855-1939).
Gallery of works
*Murray, P. & L. (1996). "Dictionary of art and artists". Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051300-0.
*" [http://findingaid.winterthur.org/html/HTML_Finding_Aids/COL0164.htm The Winterthur Library] " Overview of the archival collection on Thomas Sully.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Thomas Sully — en 1869 Nacimiento 19 de junio de 1783 Horncastle (Lincolnshire) Falle … Wikipedia Español
Thomas Sully — Selbstporträt, Öl auf Leinwand Thomas Sully (* 19. Juni 1783 in Horncastle, Lincolnshire; † 5. November 1872 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) war ein US amerikanischer Maler des 19. Jahrhunderts … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Sully — noun United States painter (born in England) of portraits and historical scenes (1783 1872) • Syn: ↑Sully • Instance Hypernyms: ↑painter … Useful english dictionary
Thomas Sully (architect) — Thomas Sully (November 24, 1855 March 14, 1939) was a largely self trained architect based in New Orleans, Louisiana. He designed many large residences on Upper St. Charles Avenue, such as the Picard House, and public buildings in New Orleans and … Wikipedia
Thomas Sully Residence — Infobox nrhp | name =Thomas Sully Residence nrhp type =nhl caption = Thomas Sully Residence location= 530 Spruce St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania lat degrees = 39 lat minutes = 56 lat seconds = 42 lat direction = N long degrees = 75 long minutes … Wikipedia
Sully — can refer to:People* Hugh the Red of Sully, 13th century Sicilian general * Bishop Maurice de Sully; oversaw the building of Notre Dame de Paris; Bishop to Philippe II of France * Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully (1560 1641), French statesman… … Wikipedia
Sully — ist der Name mehrerer Gemeinden und eines Kantons in Frankreich: Sully (Calvados), Gemeinde im Département Calvados Sully (Oise), Gemeinde im Département Oise Sully (Saône et Loire), Gemeinde im Département Saône et Loire mit Namenszusatz: Sully… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sully — Sully, 1) [sy li], Maximilien de Béthune [ be tyn], Herzog von (seit 1606), französischer Staatsmann, * Rosny sur Seine (bei Mantes la Jolie) 13. 12. 1560, ✝ Villebon (bei Chartres) 22. 12. 1641; wurde im reformierten Bekenntnis erzogen und… … Universal-Lexikon
Sully — [sul′ē; ] also, for 1, Fr [ sü lē′] 1. Duc de ( Maximilien de Béthune) 1560 1641; Fr. statesman 2. Thomas 1783 1872; U.S. painter, born in England … English World dictionary
Thomas  — Thomas, 1) Antoine Léonard, geb. 1732 zu Clermont Ferrano in der Auvergne; wurde 1755 Professor der Beredtsamkeit auf der Universität in Paris, arbeitete seit 1761 bei dem Minister Praslin, wurde 1767 Mitglied, dann Director der Akademie u. st.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon