Giovanni Nicotera

Giovanni Nicotera

Giovanni Nicotera (September 9, 1828 - June 13, 1894) was an Italian patriot and politician. The surname is pronounced [IPA|niˡkɔtera] (with the stress on the second syllable).


Nicotera was born at Sambiase, in Calabria.

Joining the Giuseppe Mazzini's movement of "Giovine Italia" ("Young Italy") he was among the combatants at Naples in May 1848, and battle with Garibaldi during the Republic of Rome (1849). After the fall of Rome he fled to Piedmont, where he organized the expedition to Sapri in 1857, but shortly after his arrival there he was defeated and severely wounded by the Bourbon troops.

Condemned to death, but reprieved through the intervention of the British minister, he remained a prisoner at Naples and at Favignana until 1860, when he joined Garibaldi at Palermo. Sent by Garibaldi to Tuscany, he attempted to invade the Papal States with a volunteer brigade, but his followers were disarmed and disbanded by Ricasoli and Cavour. In 1862 he was with Garibaldi at Aspromonte; in 1866 he commanded a volunteer brigade against Austria; in 1867 he invaded the Papal States from the south, but the defeat of Garibaldi at Mentana put an end to his enterprise.

His parliamentary career dates from 1860. During the first ten years he engaged in violent opposition, but from 1870 onwards he joined in supporting the military reforms of Ricotti. Upon the advent of the Left in 1876, Nicotera became minister of the interior, and governed with remarkable firmness. He was obliged to resign in December 1877, when he joined Crispi, Cairoli, Zanardelli and Baccarini in forming the "pentarchy" in opposition to Depretis, but he only returned to power thirteen years later as minister of the interior in the Rudinì cabinet of 1891. On this occasion he restored the system of uninominal constituencies, resisted the socialist agitation, and pressed, though in vain, for the adoption of drastic measures against the false bank-notes put in circulation by the Roman bank. He fell with the Rudini cabinet in May 1892, and died at Vico Equense, near Naples, in June 1894.


"Giovanni Nicotera" was the name of a destroyer of the Italian Regia Marina, launched in 1926 and decommissioned in 1940.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giovanni Nicotera — Giovanni Nicòtera (né le 9 septembre 1828 à Sambiase devenue de nos jours une frazione de Lamezia Terme dans l actuelle province de Catanzaro, en Calabre et mort à Vico Equense le 13 juin 1894) était un homme politique italien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicotera, Giovanni — (1828–1894)    Born in Catanzaro (Calabria), Giovanni Nicotera was a hero of the struggle against absolutism in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. In 1857 he was sentenced to death for his part in the abortive attempt of a group of revolutionaries …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Nicotera — For the Italian politician, see Giovanni Nicotera. Nicotera   Comune   Comune di Nicotera …   Wikipedia

  • Nicotĕra [2] — Nicotĕra, Giovanni, Baron, ital. Staatsmann. geb. 9. Sept. 1828 zu San Biase in Kalabrien. gest. 13. Juni 1894 in Vico Equense bei Neapel, studierte die Rechte, schloß sich dem Bunde des Jungen Italien an, beteiligte sich 1848 an dem Aufstand in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nicotera [2] — Nicotĕra, Giovanni, Baron, ital. Staatsmann, geb. 9. Sept. 1828 zu Sambiase (Prov. Catanzaro), wegen Teilnahme an einem Aufstand gegen die Bourbonen 1857 zu lebenslänglicher Galeerenstrafe verurteilt, 1860 durch Garibaldi befreit, im ital.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Francesco Crispi — 17th and 20th Prime Minister of Italy In office July 29, 1887 – February 6, 1891 Monarch Umberto I Preceded …   Wikipedia

  • Francesco Crispi — Mandats 17e et 20e président du Conseil italien 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Italian Minister of the Interior — This is a list of Italian Ministers of the Interior since 1861. Kingdom of Italy Minister Took office Left office Marco Minghetti March 17, 1861 September 1, 1861 Bettino Ricasoli September 1, 1861 March 3, 1862 Urbano Rattazzi March 3, 1862… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Innenminister Italiens — Dies ist eine Liste der Innenminister Italiens seit 1861. Königreich Italien Minister Vom Bis Marco Minghetti 17.3.1861 1.9.1861 Bettino Ricasoli 1.9.1861 3.3.1862 Urbano Rattazzi 3.3.1862 8.12.1862 Ubaldino Peruzzi 8.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe Mazzini — Giuseppe Mazzini, 1870 Naissance 22 juin 1805 Gênes …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.