Sumerian language


Sumerian language
Sumerian
eme-ĝir, eme-gi
Spoken in Sumer and Akkad
Region Iraq (Mesopotamia)
Extinct Effectively extinct from about 1800 BC; used as classical language until about 100 AD.
Language family
Language codes
ISO 639-2 [[ISO639-3:sux[2]|sux[2]]]
ISO 639-3 sux
Sumerian 26th c Adab.jpg
26th century BC Sumerian document

Sumerian (


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  • Sumerian language — Introduction       language isolate and the oldest written language in existence. First attested about 3100 BC in southern Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia, history of), it flourished during the 3rd millennium BC. About 2000 BC, Sumerian was replaced as… …   Universalium

  • Sumerian literature — is the oldest literature in the world.The Sumerians invented the first writing system, beginning with cuneiform logograms, which evolved into a syllabary writing system.The Sumerian language remained in official and literary use in the Akkadian… …   Wikipedia

  • Sumerian — may refer to: *Sumerian people *Sumerian language *Sumerian script *Sumerian civilization, including **Sumerian history **Sumerian architecture **Sumerian mythology …   Wikipedia

  • Sumerian creation myth — The earliest record of the Sumerian creation myth and flood myth is found on a single fragmentary tablet excavated in Nippur, sometimes called the Eridu Genesis. It is written in the Sumerian language and datable by its script to 2150 BC,[1]… …   Wikipedia

  • Sumerian King List — The Sumerian king list is an ancient text in the Sumerian language that lists kings of Sumer from Sumerian and foreign dynasties. It records the location of official kingship, along with the rulers and the lengths of their rule. Kingship was… …   Wikipedia

  • Sumerian — adj. & n. adj. of or relating to the early and non Semitic element in the civilization of ancient Babylonia. n. 1 a member of the early non Semitic people of ancient Babylonia. 2 the Sumerian language. Etymology: F sumeacuterien f. Sumer in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sumerian — [so͞o mir′ē ən, so͞omer′ē ən] adj. 1. of Sumer 2. of the people of Sumer, an ancient non Semitic people of S Mesopotamia n. 1. a member of this people 2. the language of the Sumerians, extinct as a spoken language since c. 2000 B.C. although it… …   English World dictionary

  • Sumerian — Su*me ri*an, a. [Written also {Sumirian}.] Of or pertaining to the region of lower Babylonia, which was anciently called Sumer, or its inhabitants or their language. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • SUMERIAN —    Languagespoken in southern Mesopotamia until the beginning of the second millennium B.C. It was expressed in writing since the Early Dynastic period (earlier forms of cuneiform were not meant to reflect a particular idiom). Sumerian texts were …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Language isolate — A language isolate, in the absolute sense, is a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or genetic ) relationship with other living languages; that is, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common to any other …   Wikipedia


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