Sungkyunkwan University


Sungkyunkwan University

Infobox_University
name =Sungkyunkwan University
native_name =성균관 대학교 [Abbreviations of Sungkyunkwan University in Korean: 성대(成大; "Seongdae"). In English: SKKU]


motto =Pursue Truth and Embody Social Justice
仁義禮智 인의예지
established =1946
type =
endowment =
staff =
alumni =
faculty =4,105 (2007) [http://www.skku.edu/New_Page/about/ab_state/ab_st_professor.html] , [http://www.skku.edu/New_Page/about/ab_state/ab_st_student.html] ]
president =Seo Jeongdon
students =
undergrad =26,542 (2006)02]
postgrad =6,747 (2006)02]
doctoral =
profess =
city =Seoul, Suwon
state =
country =South Korea
campus =Urban
free_label =
free =
colors = Green color box|#00FF00 Blue color box|#0000FF
mascot = Ginkgo
affiliations =
footnotes =
website = [http://www.skku.edu www.skku.edu]
address =서울특별시 종로구 명륜동 3가 53번지 (53 Myeongnyun Dong 3 Ga, Jongno Gu, Seoul) / 경기도 수원시 장안구 천천동 300 (300 Cheoncheon Dong, Jangan Gu, Suwon, Gyeonggido)
telephone =82-2-760-0115
coor =37°35′13.5″N 126°59′38.5″E / 37°17′36″N 126°58′28.5″E
logo =
Infobox Korean name
tablewidth = 277
hangul = 성균관대학교
hanja = 成均館大學校
rr = Seonggyungwan Daehakgyo
mr = Sŏngkyunkwan Taehakkyo

Sungkyunkwan University is a private university in Seoul (Audio|ko-Seoul.ogg|listen) and Suwon, South Korea. The university has two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences campus in Myeongnyun Dong, Jongno-gu in central Seoul, and the Natural Sciences Campus in Cheoncheon Dong, Jangan Gu, Suwon. The literal meaning of "Sungkyunkwan" is "an institution for building a harmonious society of perfected human beings". Eighteen schools and three colleges offer degrees at the bachelor's level, and twelve graduate schools confer various degrees at both the masters and doctoral levels. It is considered to be one of the foremost universities in the country. [ [http://www.asiaweek.com/asiaweek/features/universities2000/schools/multi.overall.html] , [http://www.asiaweek.com/asiaweek/features/universities2000/rank_country/index.html#13] ]

Location

The Humanities and Social Sciences campus in Seoul is located uphill from the old Sungkyunkwan Confucian institute, on the same hill as Changdeokgung and Changgyeonggung, two of Seoul's royal palaces, and Jongmyo. It is at the following coordinates: coord|37|35|13.5|N|126|59|38.5|E. The Natural Sciences campus in Suwon is located within walking distance from Sungkyunkwan University Station, in the north west of the city. It is at coord|37|17|36|N|126|58|28.5|E. The Agricultural Department's fields are at coord|37|17|21.5|N|126|58|5|E. These are notable for their large prostrate Korean flag and map, which lie 0.56km from the Natural Sciences campus main gate on a bearing of 252°.

History

:"See also: Sungkyunkwan"
Sungkyunkwan, also known as Seonggyungwan, was established in 1398 to offer prayers and memorials to Confucius and his disciples, and to promote the study of the Confucian canon. It was located in the capital Hanseong, modern-day Seoul. It followed the example of the Goryeo-period Gukjagam, which in its later years was also known by the name "Sungkyunkwan". Sungkyunkwan was Korea's foremost institution of higher learning under the Joseon Dynasty education system.

After the period of Japanese rule, with the emergence of the Republic of Korea, the old Sungkyunkwan was reincorporated as a private institution without the sanction of defunct Joseon Dynasty. As Korea modernized and underwent social and economic reforms, the university grew rapidly to keep up with the diverse demands of the advancing country. In 1946, the entering class numbered 155. The number of graduates now totals approximately 130,000.Fact|date=October 2007

Sungkyunkwan now operates two campuses: the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus in Seoul and the Natural Sciences Campus in Suwon.

Chronicle

*1398: The foundation of Sungkyunkwan(1400-1418) Taejong initiates a tradition for royal princes to enter Sungkyunkwan.
*1475: Jongyeonggak, the first library, is established.
*1519: Planting of the pair of Ginkgo trees (Natural Monument No.59) that became the University's symbol.
*1592: Munmyo, the Confucian Shrine, is destroyed in a fire.
*1601: Munmyo is reconstructed.
*1895: Sungkyunkwan is reformed as a modern three-year university.
*1911: The University is renamed Kyonghagwon by the Japanese Colonial Government.
*1946: Sungkyunkwan college reopened on September 25. [ [http://www.skkok.com/?_page=11 ::: 자랑스런 성균관 꽃피우는 유교문화 올바른 인성교육 성균관 예절교실 ::: ] ]
*1950: Campus buildings, libraries are destroyed in a fire.
*1953: The University is promoted to a comprehensive university; The Graduate School is established.
*1954: The Main Building is constructed (5 storeys, 1,333 pyeong).
*1957: First Science Hall
*1958: The Central Library is opened (5 storeys, 1,038 pyeong); The Evening College is established.
*1962: The Administration Building is constructed (4 storeys, 1,271 pyeong).
*1963: The College of Business Administration is established.The First Faculty Hall is constructed.
*1964: The opening of the Museum.
*1965: The College of Sciences and Engineering is established.
*1966: The School of Library Service is established.The Evening Graduate Schools are established.
*1971: The Graduate School of Foreign Trade is established.
*1972: The College of Education is established.
*1978: The Natural Sciences Campus opens in Suwon.
*1981: The Graduate School of Education is established.
*1983: The Science Library building is constructed.
*1986: The Susonggwan Gymnasium Complex and Yanghyongwan Student Quarters are constructed.
*1988: The Graduate School of Confucian Studies is established.
*1993: The School of Continuing Education is established.
*1995: The Graduate School of International Cooperation is established.
*1996: The Samsung Group reacquires the university foundation; The Graduate School of Mass Communications and Journalism is established.
*1997: The College of Medicine, the Graduate School of Design, and the Graduate School of Business Administration are established.
*1998: 600th Anniversary; The School of Art is established.
*1999: The Medical Building is constructed.
*2000: The 600th Anniversary Building is constructed; The Business Administration Building is reconstructed.
*2001: The Research Complex 1 is constructed; The Wisdom Hall(dormitory) is constructed.
*2002: The Electronic Microscope Complex is constructed.
*2002: Construction begins on the Law Building.
*2003: The inauguration of the 18th President: Dr Jung-Don Seo.
*2004: The Law Building is constructed; Su Seon Hall is renovated; Hoam Hall is renovated; The International House is constructed;: SKK Graduate School of Business is launched in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management.
*2005: The Research Complex 2 is constructed.
*2006: The Graduate School of Mobile Systems Engineering, which is sponsored by Samsung Electronics, is established; The PACE(Partners for the Advancement of Collaborative Engineering Education) Center is established; The Semiconductor System Engineering Course, which is sponsored by Samsung Electronics, is established.

Motto

The University's motto, "Humanity, Righteousness, Propriety, and Wisdom" (仁, 義, 禮, 知) reflects the basic spirit of Confucianism. These four cardinal virtues express humankind's four inherent elements of spirit, action, conscience, and intellect. Humanity abides in the heart that loves, righteousness abides in the heart that knows right from wrong, propriety abides in the heart that knows forbearance, and wisdom abides in the heart that perceives. Confucian philosophy attests to man's innate goodness, and at the same time recognizes that this quality must nevertheless be awakened and nurtured. These four principles, which comprise the university's philosophy of instruction, are the basis for higher education's goals of the search for truth and the establishment of social justice, which are, in turn, based on humanity.

University symbol

The university's symbol is two giant ginkgo trees (Natural Monument No.59). Although these trees are not located on the modern campus of the university, they are considered one of the school's key symbols. [cite web|url=http://www.skku.ac.kr/about/ab_symbol/ab_sy_tree.html|title=교목 (은행나무)|work=Sungkyunkwan University website|accessdate=2006-04-24] Planted in 1519 by Yun Tak, a former president of Sungkyunkwan, they hold symbolic meaning in Confucianism because Confucius is said to have loved reading, pondering, and teaching his disciples under a ginkgo tree. These trees also represent longevity and enlightenment, both held important in Korean culture.

Faculties

Data from April 2007 [ [http://www.skku.edu/New_Page/about/ab_state/ab_st_professor.html 대학현황 > 교수현황 ] ]
- School of Confucian and Oriental Studies: 12
- College of Humanities: 70
- College of Law: 40
- School of Social Sciences: 49
- School of Economics: 35
- School of Business Administration: 53
- School of Human Life Sciences: 14
- College of Education: 19 - School of Art: 26
- University College : 13
- Natural Sciences: 67
- Information and Communication Engineering: 70
- Engineering: 133
- Pharmacy: 41
- Life Science and Natural Resources: 19
- Sport Science: 13
- Medicine: 497
- Sungkyun Language Institute: 32

Full-Time Professors: 1,074; Emeritus Professors: 130; Research Professors: 190; Clinical Professors: 70; Associate Professors: 1,562; Lecturers: 803; Adjunct Professors: 181; Visiting Professors: 91; Exchange Professors: 1; Others: 3; Total: 4,105

Campus

Humanities and Social Sciences Campus

The deep roots of the university are so strongly entwined with Seoul that the university cannot be described in isolation from the city. Like the university, Seoul is the center of Korea's remarkable economic growth over the past 40 years with its unique tradition and current modernity. Seoul was the seat of government as early as the Baekje Kingdom for over 1,500 years. However, the city became more important with the establishment of the Joseon Dynasty in 1392, when it became the capital city. The university is located inside Seoul city walls, within the original capital of Joseon.

Located uphill from the original Seonggyungwan site, the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus is spread over a hill looking down on Jongmyo Royal Shrine, which has been designated by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage Site. Just like Seoul, the university grew rapidly, and the expansion called for a new campus.

The original site was preserved as the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus, while the expanding science programs were moved to a new campus in Suwon. Currently, 6 schools, 3 colleges and many graduate schools call the Humanities and Social Sciences Campus their home. To commemorate the founding philosophy of the university, the 600th Anniversary Memorial Hall, which houses the Academy of East Asian Studies, was constructed on this campus. This new facility has a floor space of 31,930 square meters as well as four underground levels and six above-ground storeys.

Natural Sciences Campus

The university's modern Natural Sciences Campus was established in 1978. This campus is situated 45km away from the south of Seoul, on a convert|250|acre|km2|sing=on site. The campus is home to 5 schools, 2 colleges and various graduate schools. The management of the Natural Sciences Campus is considered a paragon of educational administration in Korea.Fact|date=October 2007

When the new campus was built, the idea of an equal dual campus system was new to Korean higher education; this system remains unique in Korea. Some comprehensive universities located in large cities have tried to meet the need for expansion by founding separate, usually smaller campuses in rural areas. Besides solving the problem of physical expansion, the separate campus system brought the University many opportunities for growth.

Suwon preserves the traditional beauty of the Joseon era (1392-1910), but it also now flourishes as a center for business, education and economic research, due to its proximity to major industrial complexes.

In an effort to serve society by building a bridge between academia and the industrial sector, another initiative, the Science Technology Park (STP), is being developed at this campus. The university, industries in the surrounding area, and the government have combined forces in this project.

ungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nano Technology

SAINT is the abbreviation of Sungkyunkwan Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology. This institute opened on March, 2005.

SAINT was founded on March 1, 2005 as one of the 4 core programs of Sungkyunkwan University’s VISION2010+ plan to be ranked in the top 100 universities in the world. With the financial support from Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT), It's goal is to become one of the top 5 nanotechnology-related institutes by the year 2010, Dr. Sumio Iijima who discovered carbon nanotubes is the Dean of SAINT now.

ungkyun Language Institute

Background

Sungkyun Language Institute is a semi-autonomous division of Sungkyunkwan University. English, Japanese, Mandarin and Korean are all taught, though Mandarin is not taught at the Suwon campus and Korean is only taught at the beginner/elementary level. (It is also worthy of note that the Korean classes in Suwon are taught in the School of Medicine building, whereas all other classes are in the Engineering College building.) There are 18 lecturers of Korean and 16 foreign lecturers of English at the campus in Seoul, with 14 foreign English lecturers in Suwon. There are 2 Japanese lecturers based in Suwon, though they are themselves Korean. There are also several foreign lecturers of other languages in Seoul and Korean lecturers of English on both campuses. SLI is managed separately from the university and the management follows different systems of organisation on the two campuses, yet they both fall under an umbrella level of administrative management.

Courses

Both credit and non-credit classes are taught. The English credit courses are chiefly in Academic Writing and Academic Presentations, though there are also ESP (English for Specific Purposes) classes in Business English, English for Scientific Purposes, English Literature and Current English at the Suwon campus, and others may be taught in Seoul. "(Please edit.)" Non-credit classes are less specialised, and are therefore more typical of ESL environments. These are also open to people who are not registered as students at Sungkyunkwan University to attend. It is not uncommon for members of staff from various disparate departments or section of the university, or for local residents, to attend such classes. For the main courses (Academic Writing and Presentations), SLI produces its own books, which are published by Sungkyunkwan University Press and which have thus far been revised on a yearly basis.

Facilities

SLI has a "Global Zone" - a room in which students may relax, study, read, browse the web, view online lectures, attend conferences, watch international TV, or seek English assistance at certain times from the lecturers at the respective campus - on each site. These are relatively recent additions, that in Seoul having been added in 2004 and that in Suwon in 2005.

ASLE-Korea

Sungkyunkwan University's Department of English Language and Literature is birthplace and home of the Korean affiliate of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment (ASLE-Korea or ASLE-K). ASLE-Korea [http://www.aslekorea.org/] hosts two conferences a year (Spring and Fall) and publishes "Literature and Environment (문학과환경),"a journal dedicated to extending ecocritical scholarship, with articles written primarily in Korean and English.

Budget and facilities

Annual Budget: 2,873 billion won [ [http://eng.skku.edu/about/A3d.html Sungkyunkwan University ] ] :Budget from Tuition: 1,294 billion won (45%) :Budget from University Foundation: 6.22 billion won (21.6%) :(Total financial settlement of accounts at the end of the year 2002)

Current Library Holdings: 1,763,000 (bound volumes) :Central Library: 998,000 / Science Library: 658,000 / Library of Medicine: 60,000 / Law Library: 47,000Experimental Equipment Holdings: 779 billion won (approx. 42,000 in counting) :Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 45 billion won (approx. 19,000 in counting):Natural Sciences Campus: 734 billion won (approx. 23,000 in counting)

University Area: convert|887|acre|km2 :Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 344 acres / Natural Sciences Campus: convert|543|acre|km2 :(including Tobong Varsity Teams Training Center: 3.6 acres / Botanical Gardens: 81 acres /:Samchuk Seaside Retreat: 0.6 acres / Research Area: 319 acres / Other forests and fields: 9.5 acres)

Building Area: 78 acres :Humanities and Social Sciences Campus: 34 acres:Natural Sciences Campus: 44 acres

References

ee also

*List of Korea-related topics
*List of colleges and universities in South Korea
*Education in the Joseon Dynasty
*Seonggyungwan
*Education in South Korea
*Daehangno
*Suwon
*Samsung Global Scholarship Program

External links

*ko icon [http://www.skku.edu Official site]
*en icon [http://eng.skku.edu Official site]


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