WABC-TV


WABC-TV

Infobox_Broadcast
call_letters = WABC-TV
station_
station_slogan = Number One in New York
station_branding = "ABC 7" (general)
"Channel 7 Eyewitness News" (newscasts)
analog = 7 (VHF)
digital = 45 (UHF)
subchannels = (see article)|
affiliations = ABC
founded =
airdate = August 10, 1948
location = New York, New York
callsign_meaning = American
Broadcasting
Company
former_callsigns = WJZ-TV (1948-1953)
owner = Disney/ABC
licensee = American Broadcasting Companies, Inc.
effective_radiated_power = 123 kW (analog)
219 kW (digital)
HAAT = 405 m (analog)
397 m (digital)
facility_id = 1328
coordinates = coord|40|44|54.4|N|73|59|8.4|W|type:landmark_scale:2000
homepage = [http://www.7online.com/ www.7online.com]

WABC-TV, channel 7, is the flagship station of the Walt Disney Company-owned American Broadcasting Company, located in New York City. WABC-TV is best known in broadcasting circles for its highly successful version of the "Eyewitness News" format, and for its morning show "Live with Regis and Kelly," syndicated nationally by corporate cousin Disney-ABC Domestic Television.

In the few areas of the eastern United States where ABC programming is not available over-the-air, WABC-TV is seen via satellite through Dish Network and DirecTV, which also distributes the station's signal to Latin America.

History

The station signed on August 10, 1948 as WJZ-TV, the first of three television stations signed-on by the American Broadcasting Company during that same year, with WENR-TV (now WLS-TV) in Chicago and WXYZ-TV in Detroit being the other two. Channel 7's call letters came from its then-sister radio station, WJZ (770 AM, now WABC). In its early years, WJZ-TV was programmed like an independent station, as the ABC television network was still, for the most part, in the planning stages; the ABC-owned stations did air common programming during this period. The call letters were changed to WABC-TV on March 1, 1953, after ABC merged its operations with United Paramount Theaters, a firm which was broken-off from former parent company Paramount Pictures by decree of the U.S. government.

On September 11, 2001, the transmitter facilities of WABC-TV, as well as eight other local television stations and several radio stations, were destroyed when two hijacked airplanes crashed into and destroyed the World Trade Center towers. In the immediate aftermath, WABC-TV fed its signal to several UHF stations that were still broadcasting (notably WNYE-TV), before establishing temporary facilities in Alpine, New Jersey. The station eventually established transmission facilities at the Empire State Building.

Studio Fire

On May 27, 2007, WABC-TV's studios suffered major damage as the result of a fire that knocked the station off the air shortly before the start of the 11:00 p.m. newscast. According to preliminary reports, the fire may have been ignited by a spotlight coming into contact with a curtain inside the news studio; the WABC-TV website later reported the cause as an "electrical malfunction". The station's building was evacuated and the fire was brought under control, though there is said to have been "extensive damage", including smoke and water damage, to the studio. [http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070528/ap_en_tv/wabc_fire] WABC-TV resumed broadcasting at around 1:00 a.m. on May 28, 2007.

Due to the fire, channel 7 broadcasted "Eyewitness News" from the newsroom's update desk, while "Live with Regis and Kelly", whose set was also affected, shared a studio with "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire". Starting with the 5:00 p.m. newscast on June 20, 2007, the station resumed "Eyewitness News" and "Live..." broadcasts from their main studios.

Digital television

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Analog-to-digital conversion

After the analog television shutdown scheduled for February 17, 2009 http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-06-1082A2.pdf] , WABC-TV will return to channel 7. [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101234258&formid=387&fac_num=1328 CDBS Print ] ]

News operations

WABC-TV is best known for popularizing the Eyewitness News format, in which reporters present their stories directly to the viewers. News director Al Primo brought the format to WABC-TV in 1968 from KYW-TV in Philadelphia, but added a twist -- a degree of conversational chatter among the anchors, known as "happy talk." Primo used the "Tar Sequence" cue from the musical score from the 1967 film "Cool Hand Luke", composed by Lalo Schifrin, as the theme music. The score included a telegraphic-like melody appropriate for a newscast. Both the "Eyewitness News" format and theme music were quickly adopted by three of ABC's other large market owned-and-operated stations -- WLS-TV in Chicago, KABC-TV in Los Angeles, and KGO-TV in San Francisco.

The format quickly rejuvenated a station that had long been an also-ran to WCBS-TV and WNBC-TV. Within a year, channel 7 had shot to first place in the ratings for the first time in its history, displacing longtime leader WCBS-TV. It spent most of the decade going back and forth with WCBS-TV for first place. For a time in the 1980s, it fell into last place, but still fought with WNBC-TV for second place. In 1985, the station lured WLS-TV's news director, Bill Applegate, from Chicago to New York. Applegate had taken WLS-TV from last to first in just two years, and ABC hoped he could work the same magic at the flagship station. Their hopes were rewarded in 1987, when channel 7 surged back into first place. It has been the ratings leader in New York since then, and has grown to become the most watched broadcast television station in the United States. [http://www.foxbusiness.com/story/channel---tv-station-new-york-nation--nielsen-sweep/]

For eighteen years, Roger Grimsby was the face of "Eyewitness News". He was known for his opening tagline, "Good Evening, I'm Roger Grimsby, here now the news" and his closing line, "Hoping your news is good news, I'm Roger Grimsby." His April 16, 1986 firing by Applegate drew considerable fire, and he was quickly hired by rival WNBC-TV. His most famous partner at the anchor desk was Bill Beutel, who had previously anchored at channel 7 from 1962 to 1968, before spending two years as the network's London bureau chief. Beutel stepped down from the anchor desk in 2001, two years before his retirement, which concluded the longest tenure for a main anchor in New York television history.

While banter between anchors is still part of the 5:00 a.m. and Noon weekday broadcasts, the modern-day "Eyewitness News" has abandoned much of the chattiness of their predecessors. WABC's news department is respected for its straight-forward presentation (especially during breaking news). For the last decade, it has waged a spirited battle for first place with WNBC, but for most of the time has held onto the lead, helped in part by lead-ins from highly-rated talk and entertainment shows -- since December 1986 it has been "The Oprah Winfrey Show" at 4:00 p.m., and its strong ratings at helps the 5:00 p.m. newscast.

WABC-TV cooperates with sister station WPVI-TV in Philadelphia -- popularizer of the "Action News" format -- in the production and broadcast of statewide New Jersey political debates. When the two stations broadcast a statewide office debate, such as for Governor or U.S. Senate, they will pool resources and have anchors or reporters from both stations participate in the debate. Additionally, the two stations cooperate in coverage of news from New Jersey where their markets overlap, sharing reporters, live trucks, and helicopters.

"Eyewitness News" airs four and half hours daily, three hours on Saturdays and four hours on Sunday. The newscasts are replayed on one of channel 7's digital subchannels, which also carries a local weather and news channel. WABC-TV's website has a link for live streaming video of "Eyewitness News Now", which offers live local and national weather updated from AccuWeather. Local news headlines and updates are also provided. The format of "Eyewitness News Now" is similar to NBC Weather Plus.

On December 2, 2006, WABC-TV began broadcasting newscasts in High Definition, becoming the second station in the New York market to do so.

Current personalities

;Anchors
* Sade Baderinwa - weeknights 5 p.m.
* Sandra Bookman - weekend evenings
* Michelle Charlesworth - weekend mornings
* Liz Cho - weeknights 6 and 11 p.m.
* Phil Lipof - weekend mornings
* Bill Ritter - weeknights 6 and 11 p.m.
* Ken Rosato - weekday mornings and Noon
* Lori Stokes - weekday mornings and Noon
* Joe Torres - weekend evenings
* Diana Williams - weeknights 5 p.m./host of "Up Close with Diana Williams"

;Weather
* Bill Evans - weekday morning meteorologist
* Lee Goldberg - chief/weeknight meteorologist
* Heidi Jones - weekend evening meteorologist
* Jeff Smith - weekend morning meteorologist

;Sports
* Scott Clark - sports director/weeknights
* Marvell Scott - weekend evenings
* Jessica Taff - reporter/weekend mornings

;Other
* Gil Noble - host of "Like It Is"

;Reporters
* Jay Adlersberg (health and science)
* NJ Burkett
* Michelle Charlesworth
* Lisa Colagrossi
* Lauren DeFranco (Long Island)
* Jim Dolan
* Dave Evans (political)
* Tim Fleischer (Westchester County)
* Lauren Glassberg (features)
* Jim Hoffer (investigative)
* Anthony Johnson
* Sandy Kenyon (entertainment)
* Carolina Leid
* Jen Maxfield
* Art McFarland (education)
* Thalia Patillo
* Jeff Pegues
* Tappy Phillips (consumer)
* Nina Pineda
* Kemberly Richardson
* Jamie Roth
* Stacey Sager
* Emily Smith
* Marcus Solis
* Sarah Wallace (investigative)
* Patricia Wu
* Lucy Yang
* Toni Yates (New Jersey)

Notable alumni

Newscast titles

* "John Daly with World News" (1953-1956)
* "John Cameron Swayze & the News" (1956-1962)
* "The Big News" (1962-1965)
* "Channel 7 News" (1965-1968)
* "Channel 7 Eyewitness News" (1968-present)

Other news music

In 1984 the station started using News Series 2000, an updated version of the original "Cool Hand Luke" theme by Frank Gari, that had been originally commissioned by WLS-TV. The original "Cool Hand Luke" scores returned for a time from 1986 through 1988. In 1993, Schifrin raised his royalties for using his theme and its variations to a level that effectively priced it out of the local news market (though Australia's Nine Network still uses cuts from that theme). Gari was commissioned by WABC-TV to compose a new music package called "." This package, based slightly on "Cool Hand Luke", has been updated several times. WABC-TV currently uses the "Series 4" version, which was specifically updated for the station.

Movie umbrella titles

* "The Night Show" (1956–1963)
* "The Best of Broadway" (1963–1969)
* "The Big Show" (1963–1966, 1968–1969)
* "The 6 O'Clock Movie" (1966–1968)
* "" (1969–1981)
* "Saturday/Sunday Night Movie" (1969–1987)
* "Prize Movie" (1969–1973)
* "The Morning Movie" (1973–1977)
* "The Movie in the Morning" (1977–1983)
* "Spring Cinema" (1983)
* "The Movie Matinee" (1969–1979)
* "Channel 7 Late Movie" (1979–1998)
* "ABC 7 Late Movie" (1998–present)

Office locations

The original WABC-TV offices were located at 77 West 66th Street, with studios at 7 West 66th Street. There was an underground tunnel that links ABC studios at 7 West 66th Street to the lobby of the Hotel des Artistes, a block north on West 67th Street. There was another studio inside the Hotel des Artistes that was used for "Eyewitness News Conference".

As part of ABC's expansion program, initiated in 1977, ABC built 7 Lincoln Square on the southeast corner of West 67th Street and Columbus Avenue, on a site of an abandoned moving and storage warehouse. At about the same time, construction was started at 30 West 67th Street, on the site of a former parking lot. Both buildings were completed in June 1979 and WABC-TV moved their offices from 77 West 66th Street to 7 Lincoln Square.

"Live with Regis and Kelly"

WABC-TV also produces the nationally syndicated talk show "Live with Regis and Kelly", broadcast live at 9:00 a.m. (Eastern time). The program originates in the same ground-floor studio at 7 Lincoln Square as "Eyewitness News", thus creating a situation which forces local news updates broadcast during "Good Morning America" and "Live" to be produced from the WABC-TV newsroom, and the morning show's presence also limits the size of the "Eyewitness News" set (WNBC-TV and WCBS-TV have comparatively large sets).

The show began as a local morning show in 1983, aptly titled "The Morning Show" (using the "Circle 7" logo in the actual text for one of the "o"s) and was originally hosted by Regis Philbin and Cyndy Garvey. In 1985, Kathie Lee Johnson (who would marry Frank Gifford a year later) became Philbin's co-host. Buena Vista Television (now Disney-ABC Domestic Television) began syndicating the show in 1988 as "Live with Regis and Kathie Lee". Kathie Lee left the show in 2000 and was eventually replaced by current host Kelly Ripa. The franchise will celebrate its 25th anniversary in 2008.

ee also

*Circle 7 logo
*WABC (AM) (770 kHz)
*WPLJ (95.5 MHz)

References

*Fybush, Scott (9-10-2002). [http://www.fybush.com/wtc-recovery.html 9/11 Plus One. "NorthEast Radio Watch"] .

External links

* [http://www.7online.com WABC-TV website]
*TVQ|WABC-TV
*TitanTV|WABC


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