Herbert E. Ives


Herbert E. Ives

Infobox Engineer



image_size = 150px
caption = PAGENAME
name = PAGENAME
nationality =
birth_date =July 21, 1882
birth_place =Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
death_date = November 13, 1953
death_place =
education =University of Pennsylvania
spouse =
parents =
children =
discipline =
institutions =
practice_name =
significant_projects = facsimile television
significant_design =
significant_advance =
significant_awards =

Herbert Eugene Ives (July 21, 1882, Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaNovember 13, 1953) was a scientist and engineer who headed the development of facsimile and television systems at AT&T in the first half of the twentieth century. Ives studied at the University of Pennsylvania and the Johns Hopkins University, where he graduated in 1908. He wrote a 1920 book on aerial photography, while an Army reserve officer, in the aviation section. [Herbert E. Ives, "Airplane Photography", Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1920.] Ives was also an avid coin collector, and was President of the American Numismatic Society.

Like his father Frederic Eugene Ives, Herbert was an expert on color photography. In 1924, he transmitted and reconstructed the first color facsimile, using color separations. In 1927, he demonstrated 185-line long-distance television, transmitting the image of then-Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover from AT&T's experimental station 3XN in Whippany, New Jersey.

In the 1940s, Ives expressed his vigorous opposition to Einstein's theory of relativity.Dean Turner and Richard Hazelett, eds., " [http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1932717056&id=-r5IGSTJVPcC&pg=PR5&lpg=PR3&dq=herbert-e-ives&sig=5o9gCIEWGHXvu2dUlX01g2DEkZ0 The Einstein Myth and the Ives Papers: A Counter-Revolution in Physics] ", Pasadena: Hope Publishing (1979).] Ives did not have an issue with the theory's predictions but with—as he formulated it in 1945—"The indeterminancies and impotences by which the "Restricted Theory of Relativity" has been widely publicized". [H. Ives, "Derivation of the Lorentz transformations", Phil. Mag. 7, vol.39, 1945 p.392]

Following the philosophy of Lorentz, he attempted to demonstrate the physical reality of relativistic effects by means of logical arguments and experiments. He is best known for the Ives–Stilwell experiment, which provided direct confirmation of special relativity's time dilation factor.

His friend, the noted physicist H. P. Robertson, contributed the following summary of Ives' attitude toward special relativity in a biography of Ives:

:"Ives' work in the basic optical field presents a rather curious anomaly, for although he considered that it disproved the special theory of relativity, the fact is that his experimental work offers one of the most valuable supports for this theory, and his numerous theoretical investigations are quite consistent with it… his deductions were in fact valid, but his conclusions were only superficially in contradiction with the relativity theory—their intricacy and formidable appearance were due entirely to Ives' insistence on maintaining an aether framework and mode of expression. I... was never able to convince him that since what he had was in fact indistinguishable in its predictions from the relativity theory within the domain of physics, it was in fact the same theory... some who have not penetrated to the essence of Ives' theoretical work have seized upon it as overthrowing the special theory of relativity, and have used it as an argument for a return to outmoded and invalid ways of thought."

U. S. President Harry Truman awarded Ives a "Medal for Merit" in 1948 for his war-time work on blackout lighting and optical communication systems.

References

ee also

*History of television

External links

* [http://www.numismatics.org/archives/ivesbio.htm Biography and photo]
* [http://www.att.com/history/television/ives.html AT&T history with photos]
* [http://www.bairdtelevision.com/Ives.html More television history and photos]
* [http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/recording/television1.html Even more television history]
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=Fm6S-CKB630C&vid=ISBN0863413307&dq=herbert-e-ives&pg=PA509&lpg=PA509&sig=86Dk-mFh-JDyN0vFwgvLJkzHsb8&q=nyquist Partial bibliography]
* [http://invention.smithsonian.org/Resources/MIND_Repository_Details.aspx?rep_id=517 Ives papers at the Smithsonian]
* [http://quotes.zaadz.com/Herbert_E_Ives Quotes]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herbert E. Ives — Herbert Eugene Ives Herbert Eugene Ives (* 21. Juli 1882 in Philadelphia; † 13. November 1953) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Erfinder. Herbert E. Ives studierte an der University of Pennsylvania und an der Johns Hopkins University, wo er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ives — ist der Name bzw. Familienname folgender Personen: Ives, englischer Bischof († 1003), begraben in St Ives (Südostengland) St. Ives, einer kornischen Heiligen Burl Ives (1909 1995), US amerikanischer Folk Sänger, Autor und Schauspieler Charles… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ives–Stilwell experiment — The Ives–Stilwell experiment exploits the Transverse Doppler effect (TDE) described by Albert Einstein in his 1905 paper.Einstein subsequently suggested an experiment based on the measurement of the relative frequencies of light perceived as… …   Wikipedia

  • Ives — There are several people and things named Ives:* Burl Ives, American singer, author, and actor * Charles Ives, U. S. classical music composer * Clarrie Ives, Australian rugby league footballer * Clay Ives, Canadian born American luger * Currier… …   Wikipedia

  • Ives-Stilwell-Experiment — Das Ives Stilwell Experiment war das erste Experiment, mit dem der transversale Dopplereffekt und somit die aus der speziellen Relativitätstheorie folgende Zeitdilatation direkt nachgewiesen werden konnte. Zusammen mit dem Michelson Morley… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert Henck — (* 28. Juli 1948 in Treysa, heute Schwalmstadt) ist ein deutscher Pianist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Schriften (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert Walther (Physiker) — Herbert Walther (* 19. Januar 1935 in Ludwigshafen am Rhein; † 22. Juli 2006 in München) war ein deutscher Physiker. Er war Direktor am Max Planck Institut für Quantenoptik in Garching. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Preise und Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert Haufrecht — (* 3. November 1909) in New York City; † 4. Juli 1998) war ein US amerikanischer Komponist und Volksliedforscher. Haufrecht besuchte das Institute of Music in Cleveland und studierte ab 1930 Komposition an der Juilliard School of Music. 1937 ging …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert H. Lehman — Infobox Officeholder name = Herbert Henry Lehman imagesize = small caption = order = United States Senator from New York term start = November 9, 1949 term end = January 3, 1957 predecessor = John Foster Dulles successor = Jacob K. Javits order2 …   Wikipedia

  • Herbert Rawlinson — Photographie dédicacée de 1915 Herbert Rawlinson est un acteur et producteur britannique né le 15 novembre 1885 à Brighton (Royaume Uni), décédé le 12 juillet 1953 à Los Angeles (Californie) …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.