List of eponyms (L-Z)


List of eponyms (L-Z)

An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) whose name has become identified with a particular object or activity.

__NOTOC__Here is a list of eponyms:

A–K - L - M - N–O - P - Q–R - S - T - U–V - W - X–Z

L

* Rudolf Laban — choreographer, created labanotation.
* Ferruccio Lamborghini — founder, Lamborghini
* Paul LangerhansIslets of Langerhans
* Samuel Pierpont LangleyLangley a measurement of solar radiation.
* Lev Davidovich LandauLandau pole, Landau damping
* Chris LangtonLangton's ant
* Ernest Lawrencelawrencium, chemical element
* Peter LeePeterlee, a town in County Durham
* Alfredo di LelioAlfredo sauce
* Vladimir Ilyich LeninLeninism, Lenin's Testament, for various places see Lenino and List of places named after Lenin
* John Lennard-JonesLennard-Jones potential
* Jules Léotardleotard
* LeudonusLothian
* Lars Levi LæstadiusLaestadianism
* Abraham LincolnLincoln Records; ships USS Abraham Lincoln (SSBN-602), USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72); Lincoln is a slang term for the United States five dollar bill; Lincoln Logs
* Charles Lindbergh, pilot — Lindbergh Law anti-kidnapping law
* Lisa, sister of Matt Groening, creator of The SimpsonsLisa Simpson, character in The Simpsons animated TV series
* Ignacio de la Llave — Veracruz-Llave
* Veronica Lodge, fictional character in Archie Comics - the Veronica search engine
* Fritz LondonLondon force
* Huey Pierce Long, American politician — Huey, one of "Huey, Dewey and Louie", animated cartoon characters
* Ruy López de Segura, Spanish monk — Ruy Lopez opening in chess
* John De LoreanDe Lorean
* Hendrik LorentzLorentz force, Lorentz transformation
* LotharLorraine, French province
* King Louis XIV of FranceLouisiana
* Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, fourth daughter of Queen VictoriaAlberta
* H. P. Lovecraft, Among the most famous horror authors. Inspired the term Lovecraftian.
* Hubert von Luschkaforamina of Luschka (outlets for cerebrospinal fluid in the brain); Luschka's crypts; Luschka's joints
* Saint Lucy of Syracuse — Saint Lucia
* Martin Luther — the Lutheran Christian denomination
* Alois Lutz — Lutz, Figure skating jump
* Charles Lynchlynching, lynch law

M

* Ernst MachMach number
* Karel Hynek MáchaMáchovo jezero (Mácha's Lake), in the Czech Republic
* Nicolo Machiavelli — Machiavellian—attempting to achieve what one wants by cunning, scheming and unscrupulous methods.
*Colin Maclaurin - Maclaurin series, MacLaurin's inequality, Sectrix of Maclaurin, Trisectrix of Maclaurin,
* Gaius Maecenas, a Roman patron of literature and the arts, a true "maecenas"
* François Magendieforamen of Magendie (outlet for cerebrospinal fluid in the brain)
* Maggie, sister of Matt Groening, creator of The SimpsonsMaggie Simpson, character in The Simpsons animated TV series
* Martin Mailman - American composer
* Jules Germain François MaisonneuveMaisonneuve fracture
* Mrs. Malaprop, a character in The Rivals, a play by Richard Brinsley Sheridan - malapropism (a humorous misuse of a word)
* Thomas MalthusMalthusian, Malthusianism, Malthusian Growth Model, Malthusian catastrophe
* Benoît MandelbrotMandelbrot set
* Vinoo Mankad - Mankaded or to be run out at the bowler's end in cricket.
* Antoine MarfanMarfan syndrome
* Marge, mother of Matt Groening, creator of The SimpsonsMarge Simpson, character in The Simpsons animated TV series
* Henrietta Maria of France, wife of Charles I — Maryland
* Queen Mariana of Austria "or" Marie-Anne of AustriaMariana Islands, Mariana Trench
* Pierre MarieCharcot-Marie-Tooth disease
* Saint MarinusSan Marino
* Marplot, the main character in Susanna Centlivre's plays "The Busy Body" and "Marplot in Lisbon" - marplot (an officious meddler or busybody who disrupts the plans of others)
* John MarshallMarshall Islands
* Lionel MartinAston Martin
* Jean Martinet — martinet; a disciplinarian
* Mary, mother of Jesus - numerous communities and geographic features (either named St. Mary or having the word Lady in them), a large number of cathedrals, churches, and religious orders, the ladybird
* Mary the Jewess, ancient alchemist invented the Bain-marie to warm substances such as Elixir to germinate precious metals
* John L. Mason — Mason jar
* Alonzo C. MatherMather Stock Car Company
* Harold "Matt" Matson and Elliot Handler — Mattel
* Jujiro Matsuda — founder, Mazda (also possibly inspired by Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda)
* Queen Maud of Norway - Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
* Maurice of NassauMauritius
*Maussollusmausoleum, a monumental tomb
* Hiram MaximMaxim gun
* James Clerk MaxwellMaxwell, unit of magnetic flux
* Louis B. Mayer — founder of Louis B. Mayer Pictures which later merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (or MGM)
* John Loudon McAdammacadam process of road construction, tarmac (tar+macadam) road surface
* Dick McDonald and Mac McDonald — founders, McDonald's Corporation
* Giuseppe MeazzaStadio Giuseppe Meazza, a football stadium in Italy
* Meirion, son of CuneddaMerionethshire
* Georg MeissnerMeissner corpuscles
* Walter Meissner (and Robert Ochsenfeld) — Meissner effect (or Meissner-Ochsenfeld effect)
* Lise Meitnermeitnerium, chemical element
* Nellie MelbaMelba toast; Peach Melba; Melba, a suburb of Canberra, Australia
* Gregor MendelMendelian inheritance, Mendel Polar Station, lunar crater Mendel
* Dmitri Mendeleevmendelevium, chemical element
* Prosper MeniereMeniere's disease
* Mentor (Greek mythology) — mentor: a trusted friend, counselor or teacher, usually a more experienced person, mentoring programs
* Giuseppe MercalliMercalli intensity scale of an earthquake
* Franz Mesmer (1734–1815)—Mesmerism
* Robert MetcalfeMetcalfe's law
* Methuselah — 6 litre wine bottle see Wine bottle#Sizes
* Michelangelo, Renaissance painter — Michaelangelo, one of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comic characters
* Hermann MinkowskiMinkowski space, Minkowski's theorem, Minkowski addition, Minkowski inequality
* Ernesto MirandaMiranda Warning
* Andrija MohorovičićMohorovičić discontinuity
* "Pepe le Moko" fictional character from the novel and movies of the same name — Pepe Le Pew Warner Bros. French skunk character
*Vyacheslav Molotov (1890–1986) — Molotov cocktail
* Robert MoogMoog synthesizer
* Gordon MooreMoore's Law
* Jean Moreau de SechellesSeychelles
* José María MorelosMorelos
* Prince Morgan the Old of GwentGlamorgan
* Ernst MoroMoro reflex
* Samuel MorseMorse code
*John Morton (1420–1500), Chancellor of England — Morton's Fork, a choice between two equally unpleasant alternatives
* Jerry Moss and Herb AlpertA&M Records
* Rudolf MössbauerMossbauer effect
* Lord Louis MountbattenMountbatten pink, naval camouflage pigment
* Erasto B. MpembaMpemba effect
* Antonín Mrkos — four comets carry his name: 18D/Perrine-Mrkos, 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova, 124P/Mrkos and 143P/Kowal-Mrkos
* Walther MüllerGeiger-Müller tube
* David, John A. or Thomas Mulligan - Mulligan
* Ian Murdock and Debra Murdock — Debian project for free software, made after combining Ian's and his wife's name Debra.
* William Lawrence MurphyMurphy bed.

N–O

* Fridtjof NansenNansen passport
* John Napierneper, unit of relative power level, Napier's bones, method for performing multiplication
* Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, — Napoleonic code and Napoleonic Wars
* Narcissus - Narcissism
* John Forbes NashNash equilibrium, Nash embedding theorem
*Joachim Neander (1650–1680), poet, for whom the Neanderthal (valley) was named, and thus the Neandertal fossil found there
* Nebuchadnezzar — nebuchadnezzar, 15 litre wine bottle
* Jawaharlal NehruNehru jacket, Nehru Planetarium
* Baby Face NelsonBaby Face Finlayson, formerly from "The Beano" comic
* Henri Nestlé — created the milk-based food in 1867 which became Nestlé
* Nestor, Patriarch of Constantinople — nestorianism
* John von NeumannVon Neumann machine, Von Neumann probe, Von Neumann architecture, John von Neumann Theory Prize, IEEE John von Neumann Medal
* Rolf NevanlinnaNevanlinna theory,
* Isaac Newtonnewton — unit of force, Newton's law of cooling, Newton's law of gravitation, Newton's laws of motion, Newton's rings
* Jean Nicot - Nicotine
* Arthur NielsenNielsen Ratings from the Nielsen Media Research, Inc. firm
* Alfred NobelNobel Prizes, nobelium, chemical element
* Emmy NoetherNoether's theorem, Noetherian rings
* Ian Norman and Gerry HarveyHarvey Norman
* Annie Oakley - any woman who shoots a gun very well
* Robert Ochsenfeld and Walter Meissner — Meissner-Ochsenfeld effect (Meissner effect)
* William of OckhamOccam's Razor
* King Oengus I of the PictsAngus
* Georg Ohm — ohm — unit of electrical resistance, Ohm's Law
* Ongull, a Scandinavian landowner — Anglesey
* Jan OortOort cloud
* Adam Opel — founder of the car manufacturing company Opel
* Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orreryorrery, a mechanical model of the solar system
* Hans Christian Ørstedoersted, unit of magnetic field strength

P

* David Packard and William HewlettHewlett-Packard
* František PalackýPalacký University, Olomouc
* Paparazzo, a press photographer in Federico Fellini's film "La dolce vita" — paparazzo press photographer
* Vilfredo ParetoPareto principle, Pareto efficiency, Pareto distribution, Pareto index
* James ParkinsonParkinson's disease
* Rosa ParksRosa Parks Highway
* Blaise Pascal — Pascal — unit of pressure; Pascal's triangle, Pascal's Wager or Pascal's Gambit, Pascal programming language, Pascal's theorem
* Louis PasteurPasteurization
* Wolfgang PauliPauli exclusion principle
* Axel Paulsen — Axel, Figure skating jump
* Ivan Petrovich PavlovPavlovian conditioning
* Anna PavlovaPavlova
* Giuseppe PeanoPeano axioms
* Jean Charles Athanase PeltierPeltier effect
* Slavoljub Eduard Penkala (ballpoint pen) — Penkalo
* William PennPennsylvania
* J.C. PenneyJCPenney
* Roger PenrosePenrose diagram, Penrose tiling, Penrose triangle, Penrose stairs
* Dom Pérignon (1638–1715), a blind French Benedictine monk — Dom Pérignon (wine)
* St. PeterSaint-Pierre and Miquelon
* Philip II of SpainPhilippines
* Gerard Philips — founder, Philips
*Joseph Pilates — the Pilates Method
* Max PlanckPlanck's constant, Planck's law of black body radiation
* Friedrich Carl Alwin PockelsPockels effect
* Joel Roberts Poinsett (1779–1851) — poinsettia
* Jean Louis Marie PoiseuillePoise — unit of viscosity, Poiseuille's Law
*Charles Ponzi (1877–1949) — Ponzi scheme, a kind of fraud
* Pierre Poujade (1920–2003) — Poujadism
* Ferry Porsche — founder, Porsche
* Grigori Aleksandrovich PotemkinPotemkin village
* Percivall PottPott's disease, Pott's fracture
* William Procter and James GambleProcter & Gamble
* Joseph PulitzerPulitzer Prize
* Jan Evangelista PurkyněPurkinje cell

Q–R

*Vidkun Quisling (1887–1945), Norwegian traitor — the term "quisling" became a synonym in many European languages for traitor
* C. V. RamanRaman spectroscopy, Raman effect
* William John Macquorn Rankinedegree Rankine, Rankine cycle
* Raphael, Renaissance painter — Raphael, one of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comic characters
* John William Strutt, 3rd Baron RayleighRayleigh scattering
* Maurice Raynaud, French physician — Raynaud's disease
* Ronald Reagan, 40th U.S. president – Reagan Era, Reaganomics, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76), Ronald Reagan Trail
* René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumurdegree Réaumur, unit of temperature
* Dorothy ReedReed-Sternberg cell
* Rehoboam — 4.5 litre wine bottle (see Wine bottle#Sizes)
* Arnold Reuben (possibly) — Reuben
* Paul ReuterReuters news agency
* Cecil RhodesNorthern Rhodesia "(Now Zambia)", Southern Rhodesia "(Now Zimbabwe)"
* Victor A. Rice - Varity Corporation
* Charles RichterRichter magnitude scale
* Ron Rivest — the first letter of the name RSA, an asymmetric algorithm for public key cryptography, is taken from Rivest
* John D. Rockefeller, — Oysters Rockefeller
* RomulusRome
* Count Karl Robert von NesselrodeNesselrode
* Alvah Roebuck and Richard Sears — Sears, Roebuck, now Sears
* Charles Rolls and Henry RoyceRolls-Royce
* Wilhelm Röntgenröntgen, unit of dosage of X-rays or gamma radiation
* Andrés Quintana RooQuintana Roo
* Theodore Roosevelt, jr. (1858–1919) — Teddybear
* Gioacchino RossiniTournedos Rossini
* Rota, a Saxon landowner ("Rota's land") — Rutland
* Karl Rove - Rovian (dirty) campaign tactics
* Henry Royce and Charles RollsRolls-Royce
* Ernő RubikRubik's Cube, Rubik's Clock, Rubik's Magic, Rubik's Revenge
* Carle David Tolmé RungeRunge's phenomenon
* Lord Rutherford — rutherfordium, chemical element
* Johannes RydbergRydberg constant

*Donatien Alphonse Francois de Sade, or, the Marquis de Sade, whose writings gave the name to sadism.
*Sheikh Safi Al-Din Ardabili — Safavid Dynasty, Safavids
*Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, one of the first to write of the pleasures of pain and humiliation, now called masochism
*John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwichsandwiches
* Franz Sacher, Vienna — Sachertorte
* Ulrich Salchow — Salchow, Figure skating jump
* Salmanazar biblical king — 9 litre wine bottle (see Wine bottle#Sizes)
* Vasili Samarsky-Bykhovets, a Russian mine official — samarskite, the mineral after which the chemical element samarium has been named
* Rick Santorum, a United States Senator — santorum, a sexually explicit term
*Sappho (630 BC–612 BC), Greek poetess who wrote love poems addressed to women — sapphism or lesbianism
* Muhammad bin SaudSaudi Arabia
*Adolphe Sax — the saxophone, a musical instrument
* Louie Schmitt, animator — Louie, one of "Huey, Dewey and Louie", animated cartoon characters
* Walter H. Schottky, German physicist — Schottky diode
* Erwin SchrödingerSchrödinger equation, Schrödinger's cat, "Schrödinger's Kittens" — a book
* Ed Scott — the second letter of the company name BEA Systems, is taken from Ed, a co-founder
* Robert Scott, Antarctic explorer — Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station
* Ebenezer Scrooge, fictional character in Charles Dickens' "A Christmas Carol" — Scrooge McDuck
* Glenn T. Seaborgseaborgium, chemical element
* Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck — Sears, Roebuck; stores bear only the Sears name
* Chief Seattle — City of Seattle
* Thomas Johann SeebeckSeebeck effect
* Josef Sekanina — mineral Sekaninaite
* Edgar Selwyn and Archibald Selwyn, who used the last three letters of their name along with the first four of Samuel Goldfish to create Goldwyn Picture Corporation, which later merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (or MGM)
* Adi Shamir — the second letter of the name RSA, an asymmetric algorithm for public key cryptography, is taken from Shamir
* Sherlock - short for Sherlock Holmes, anyone who solves a mystery or a difficult problem, based on the fictional character by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
* Roger ShepardShepard tone
* Henry S. Shrapnel (1761–1842) — shrapnel
* Jean Sibelius (composer) — Sibelius notation program, and its developer Sibelius Software Limited
* Ambrose Burnside (1824-1881) — Sideburns
* Werner von SiemensSiemens — unit of electrical conductance; Siemens AG — company
* Rolf Sievertsievert, unit of radiation dose equivalent
* Etienne de Silhouette (1709–1767) — Silhouette
* Homer Simpson cartoon figure from The Simpsons — "doing a homer"; meaning to accidentally save the day from disaster
* Issac Merritt Singer, inventor, improvements in the design of the sewing machine — Singer Corporation
* Alexander SkeneSkene's gland
* BF Skinner - behaviorist who created the operant conditioning chamber -- which is often called the Skinner box*
* Oliver R. Smootsmoot
* Hermann SnellenSnellen chart
* Snot, a Saxon landowner ("Snot's home" + shire) — Nottinghamshire
* Socrates - Socratic Method
* SolomonSolomon Islands
* John Philip SousaSousaphone
* William Archibald Spooner (1844–1930) — spoonerism
* Joseph StalinStalinism and Neo-Stalinism (also see De-Stalinization), see List of places named after Joseph Stalin, Joseph Stalin Museum, Stalinist architecture, Stalin Society, Stalin Prize, Stalin Peace Prize, Iosif Stalin tank
* Johannes StarkStark spectroscopy, Stark effect
* Jozef Stefan and Ludwig BoltzmannStefan-Boltzmann constant
* Carl von Sternberg (disputed) — Reed-Sternberg cell
* George M. Sternberg (disputed) — Reed-Sternberg cell
* John K. Stewart and Arthur P. WarnerStewart-Warner
* George Gabriel Stokes — stokes, unit of viscosity
* Marshall Harvey StoneStone–von Neumann theorem, Stone–Čech compactification, Stone's representation theorem for Boolean algebras, Stone space, Stone-Weierstrass theorem, Stone's representation theorem for distributive lattices, Stone duality, Stone's theorem on one-parameter unitary groups, Banach-Stone theorem
* Antonio StradivariStradivari violin
* Levi StraussLevi Strauss & Co.
* Count Stroganov (possibly Count Pavel Alexandrovitch Stroganov or Count Grigory Stroganov) — Stroganoff
* Rashid Sunyaev and Yakov B. Zel'dovichSunyaev-Zel'dovich effect
* Michio Suzuki — founder, Suzuki
* Sage Kambu SwayambhuvaCambodia
* Theodor Svedbergsvedberg, unit of sedimentation rate

T

* James Mourilyan TannerTanner stage
* Tarik-ibn-Ziyad (from Arabic "djebl al-Tarik" or "mountain of Tarik") — Gibraltar
* Abel TasmanTasmania
* J. R. D. Tata — founder, Tata
* Stéphanie Tatin and Caroline TatinTarte Tatin
* Maria Teresa, the Grand Duchess of LuxembourgMaria Teresa cocktail
* Nikola TeslaTesla coil, tesla — unit of magnetic flux density
* Luisa Tetrazzini, operatic soprano — Chicken Tetrazzini
* Leon ThereminTheremin
* Lou Thesz — "Lou Thesz punches," a professional wrestling maneuver involving using primarily your legs to tackle an opponent to the ground, then delivering a series of punches while straddling your opponent.
* Christopher Titus — "Titus", an Emmy nominated TV series broadcast on FOX from 2000–2002.
* Saint Thomas — São Tomé and Príncipe
* John T. ThompsonThompson submachine gun
* Miloš Tichýcomet P/2000 U6 Tichý
* Johann Daniel Titius and Johann Elert BodeTitius-Bode Law
* James Tobin — the proposed Tobin tax
* Howard Henry ToothCharcot-Marie-Tooth disease
* Evangelista Torricellitorr, unit of pressure
* Linus TorvaldsLinus's law, Linux operating system (from Linus' Minix), Tux — mascot of Linux (from Torvald's Unix)
* Sakichi Toyoda — founder, Toyota
* Donald TrumpTrump Tower, the Trump International Hotel and Tower, Trump Plaza etc.
* Alan TuringTuring machine, Turing-complete, Turing tarpit, Turing test, Church-Turing thesis, Church-Turing-Deutsch principle
* J. M. W. Turner, English painter — Turner Prize in art
* Ted Turner, media mogul — Turner Entertainment, Turner Classic Movies, Turner Broadcasting System or TBS, TBS Superstation, WTBS, Turner Network Television or TNT, Turner Tomorrow Fellowship Award, Ted Turner debate (a style of team debate recognized by the National Forensics League; also referred to as Controversy debate)
* Marie TussaudMadame Tussauds wax museum

U–V

* James Van AllenVan Allen radiation belt
* George VancouverVancouver, British Columbia, Vancouver, Washington, Vancouver Island
* Johannes Diderik van der WaalsVan der Waals force
* Amerigo Vespucci (1454–1512) — America
* Queen VictoriaQueensland, Victoria (Australia), Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria Island, Lake Victoria, Victoria Harbour
* Saint VincentSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
* Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance painter — Leonardo, one of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comic characters
* Vitruvius, Roman architect — "Homo Vitruvianus" or Vitruvian Man — famous drawing by Leonardo da Vinci
Andrew Viterbi (born 1935), Qualcomm Corp. - Viterbi Algorithim
*Alessandro Volta — the volt, a unit of electromotive force

W

* Samuel Wallis, 18th century navigator — Wallis and Futuna
* Sam WaltonWal-Mart
* the brothers Jack Warner, Sam Warner, Harold Warner and Albert Warner — Warner Bros.
* Arthur P. Warner and John K. StewartStewart-Warner
* George WashingtonWashington and Washington D.C.
*James Watt (1736–1819) — the watt, a unit of power
* Wilhelm Eduard WeberWeber, unit of magnetic flux
* Peter J. Weinberger — the second letter of the name awk, a computer pattern/action language, is taken from Weinberger
* Duke of WellingtonBeef Wellington, Wellington boot
* Eudora WeltyEudora, an e-mail client.
* Mae West (1893–1980), busty actress for whom the flotation safety vest was named.
* Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La WarrDelaware
* George Hoyt WhippleWhipple's disease
* Gough Whitlam, Australian Prime Minister - "The Whitlams" pop group
* Frederick Methvan Whyte (1865–1941) — Whyte notation
* Wilhelm WienWien's law
* Eugene WignerWigner's friend
* Erik Adolf von WillebrandVon Willebrand disease, Von Willebrand factor
* Max Wilms, a German surgeon — Wilms' tumor
* Oliver F. Winchester — chief investor Winchester repeating rifle
*Caspar Wistar (1761–1818) — Wisteria
* Kaspar Friedrich WolffWolffian duct

X–Z

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ee also

* Lists of etymologies
* List of people


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