- Richard Brooks
bgcolour = silver
name = Richard Brooks
birthname = Ruben Sax
birthdate = May 18, 1912
deathdate = death date and age|1992|3|11|1912|5|18
Los Angeles, California
Jean Brooks(1941-1944) Jean Simmons(1960-1977)
academyawards = Best Adapted Screenplay 1960 "
awards = NBR Award for Best Director 1967 "In Cold Blood"
Early life and Career
Brooks was born Ruben Sax to
Russian Jewishimmigrants in Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniaand graduated from West Philadelphia High School, and later Temple University. He was a sports reporter at several newspapers (the Atlantic City Press Union, the Philadelphia Record and the New York World-Telegram), then moved into radio at WNEW in New York. He served at the NBC network as a staff writer in the 1930s before trying his hand at directing for the stage at the Mill Pond Theatre in New York. He then spent several years in Hollywood as a staff writer for low-budget pictures and serials before serving in the U.S. Marines during World War II.
His second published novel was "Splinters" in 1930, but his 1937 novel, "The Brick Foxhole", proved a larger success - it is the story of a group of Marines who pick up and then murder a homosexual man, and the novel is a stinging indictment of intolerance. The book was made into a movie in 1947 as "Crossfire", though the intolerance was switched from homophobia to anti-Semitism to please studio executives and 1940s audiences (Brooks received credit for the book on which the movie is based, but was contractually barred from actually working on the screenplay).
In the 1940s he wrote the screenplays for the critically acclaimed "Key Largo" and "Brute Force", both suspenseful examples of
film noir. In 1950 he directed his film "Crisis", which gave a much darker role to the actor Cary Grantthan he had previously attempted. He won his only Oscar in 1960 for his screenplayfor "Elmer Gantry", although he was nominated for the films " Blackboard Jungle" (1955), " Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" (1958), "The Professionals" (1966), and "In Cold Blood" (1967).
Other notable films directed by Brooks include "
The Brothers Karamazov" starring Yul Brynner, " Lord Jim" starring Peter O'Toole, and " The Last Time I Saw Paris" with Elizabeth Taylor.
Personal life and demise
Brooks died from
congestive heart failurein 1992 in Beverly Hills, Californiaand was interred in the Hillside Memorial Park Cemeteryin Culver City, California. For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Brooks has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fameat 6422 Hollywood Blvd.
*imdb name|id=0112218|name=Richard Brooks
* [http://www.oscars.org/mhl/sc/brooks_236.html The Richard Brooks Collection] at the
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
*findagrave|6509 Retrieved on
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Richard Brooks — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ruben Sax (Filadelfia, Pensilvania, Estados Unidos, 18 de mayo de 1912 Beverly Hills, California, Estados Unidos, 11 de marzo de 1992), director, guionista, productor y escritor estadounidense, más conocido por el… … Wikipedia Español
Richard Brooks — (1986) Richard Brooks (* 18. Mai 1912 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; † 11. März 1992 in Beverly Hills, Kalifornien; eigentlich Ruben Sax) war ein Drehbuchautor, Regisseur und Produzent in … Deutsch Wikipedia
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