- Bellevue Palace (Germany)
Schloss Bellevue is a
châteauin the centre of Berlin. It is situated on the north edge of the Tiergartenpark, beside the Spree, near the Berlin Victory Column, with the address "Spreeweg 1". It has been the principal residence of the German President since 1994. Its name derives from its beautiful view over the Spree.
Schloss Bellevue was built in 1786 for
Prince Ferdinand of Prussia, the younger brother of King Frederick II of Prussia, and was designed by architect Philipp Daniel Boumannas a summer residence, on the site of a house built in 1743 by Knobelsdorff. It was the first Neoclassical building in Germany, and has Corinthian columns, with wings on either side (the "ladies' wing" and the "Spree wing"). It is surrounded by a park covering 20 hectares.
It served as the official residence of the Crown Prince of Germany until 1918. The treaty ending the
Franco-Prussian Warwas signed here on 3 September 1870.
In the mid-1930s, it was used as a museum of ethnography, before being renovated as a guest house for the
Third Reich. It was damaged in May 1945, at the end of the Second World War, and refurbished substantially in the 1950s. From 1957, it was a secondary residence of the President of Germany, a "pied a terre" in Berlin in addition to his primary residence at the Villa Hammerschmidtin Bonn. It was refurbished again in 1986/7, and Richard von Weizsäckermoved the primary residence of the President of Germany here in 1994, after the German reunification. It was reconstructed from 2004 to 2005 to remedy defects in earlier renovations. The President of Germany used Schloss Charlottenburgfor representative purposes during this period. Schloss Bellevue became his primary residence again in January 2006.
List of official residences
* [http://www.berlin.de/tourismus/sehenswuerdigkeiten.en/00016.html Berlin Tourism]
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