- The Lion in Winter (1968 film)
name = The Lion in Winter
caption = Theatrical release poster
Joseph E. Levine
Peter O'Toole Katharine Hepburn Anthony Hopkins John Castle Nigel Terry Timothy Dalton
music = John Barry
distributor = Avco Embassy Pictures
October 30, 1968
runtime = 134 min.
language = English
preceded_by = "Becket" (1964)
followed_by = "The Lion in Winter" (2003)
budget = $10 million
gross = $22,276,975
imdb_id = 0063227
"The Lion in Winter" is a 1968 historical
costume dramamade by Avco Embassy Pictures, based on the Broadway play by James Goldman. It was directed by Anthony Harveyand produced by Joseph E. Levinefrom Goldman's adaptation of his own play, " The Lion in Winter".
"The Lion in Winter" occurs during
Christmas 1183at Henry Plantagenet's château and primary residence in Chinon, Anjou, within the Angevin Empireof medieval France. Henry wants his son Prince John (1166-1216, the future King John of England1199-1216) to inherit his throne, while his wife Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine(whom he keeps locked in Salisbury Tower) wants their son Prince Richard the Lionheart(1157-1199, the future King Richard I of England1189-1199). Meanwhile, King Philip II of France, the son of Eleanor's ex-husband, has given his half-sister Alais, who is currently Henry's mistress, to the future heir, and demands either the wedding or the return of her dowry.
As a ruse, Henry agrees to give Alais to Richard and make him heir. He makes a side deal with Eleanor for her freedom in return for Aquitaine, to be given to John. The deal is revealed at the wedding, making Richard refuse to go through with it. Having believed Henry's intentions, John (at the direction of his other brother Prince
Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany(1158-1186)) plots with Philip to make war on England. Henry finds out, dismisses all three sons as unsuitable, and locks them in the dungeon. He makes plans to travel to Rome for an annulment, so he can have new sons with Alais, but she says he won't ever be able to release his sons from prison or they will threaten the new sons. Henry sees that she is right and condemns them to death, but can't do it and lets them escape. He and Eleanor go back to hoping for the future.
"The Lion in Winter" is fictional: there was no Christmas Court at Chinon in 1183; there was a Christmas court at
Caenin 1182; none of the dialogue and action is historic, though the outcomes of the characters and the background are historically accurate. In reality, Henry had many mistresses and many illegitimate children; the "Rosamund" mentioned in the film was Henry II's mistress until she died. The article on the Revolt of 1173-1174describes the historical events leading to the play's events.
Peter O'Tooleas King Henry II
Katharine Hepburnas Queen Eleanor
Anthony Hopkinsas Richard the Lionheart (In his Motion Picture debut)
John Castleas Geoffrey
Nigel Terryas John
Timothy Daltonas King Philip II (In his Motion Picture debut)
Jane Merrowas Alais
Nigel Stockas Captain William Marshall
Kenneth Ivesas Queen Eleanor's guard
Background and production
The film debuted on
October 30, 1968( December 29, 1968 Londonpremiere).
The film was shot at
Ardmore Studiosin Bray, County Wicklow, Irelandand on location in Ireland, Wales, and in Franceat Abbaye de Montmajour, Arles, Château de Tarascon, Tarascon, and Tavasson, Saône-et-Loire.
An interesting aspect of the film was that Hepburn was 61 years old and thus the same age that her character Eleanor of Aquitaine was in 1183, the film's plot year.
Hepburn won an
Academy Award for Best Actressfor her role. The musical score by John Barry also won an Oscar, as did Goldman's adaptation of his play.
Awards and nominations
The film received seven nominations.
* Best Actress - Katharine Hepburn
* Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music - John Barry
* Best Cinematography - Douglas Slocombe
* Best Costume Design - Margaret Furse
* Best Screenplay - James Goldman
* Best Sound Track - Chris Greenham
* Best Supporting Actor - Anthony Hopkins
* UN Award - Anthony Harvey
Golden Globe Awards
* Best Motion Picture
* Best Actor - Peter O'Toole
* Best Actress - Katharine Hepburn
* Best Motion Picture Director - Anthony Harvey
* Best Original Score - John Barry
* Best Screenplay - James Goldman
* Best Supporting Actress - Jane Merrow
David di Donatello Awards
* Best Foreign Production - Martin PollDirectors Guild of America Awards
* Outstanding Directorial Achievement - Anthony HarveyLaurel Awards
* Female Dramatic Performance - Katharine HepburnNew York Film Critics Circle Awards
* Best FilmWriters' Guild of Great Britain
* Best British Screenplay - James GoldmanWriters Guild of America
* Best Written American Drama - James Goldman
* [http://www.dvdwolf.com/templates/dsp_movie.php?u_movieid=47193 "The Lion in Winter" at DVDwolf]
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