Papworth Hospital


Papworth Hospital

Infobox Hospital
Name = PAGENAME
Org/Group = papworth hospital NHS Foundation Trust


|180px
Caption = The hospital's front entrance.

Location = Papworth Everard
Region = cambridgeshire
State = England
Country = UK
HealthCare = NHS
Type = Specialist
Speciality = Cardiothoracic surgery including transplantation; cardiology; respiratory medicine
Emergency = No
Affiliation= University of Cambridge Medical School
Beds = 240
Founded = 1917
Closed =
Website = http://www.papworthhospital.nhs.uk/
Wiki-Links = |

Papworth Hospital is a world-famous heart and lung hospital in Cambridgeshire, England. It was home to the first successful heart transplant in the UK and one of the world's first beating-heart transplants.

History

The hospital was founded in 1917 as a sanatorium and hospital for the treatment of tuberculosis. From the 1950s, surgical facilities developed, beginning with thoracic (chest/lung) surgery and expanding to cardiac surgery. Today, Papworth is the UK's main heart/lung transplant centre.

Original historical documents relating to Papworth Hospital, the Village Settlement and the TB colony are today held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Cambridge.

ervices

The Papworth site has two main building complexes: the main building (providing cardiology and all surgical services, together with the intensive care unit) and the Chest Medical Unit (providing respiratory medicine services). Subspecialities include:

Those based in the Chest Medical Unit:
* the Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre, providing services for patients with sleep disorders (including common disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea and less common ones such as narcolepsy) and those with ventilatory failure (from conditions such as COPD or neuromuscular disorders including motor neuron disease and poliomyelitis). The service provides non-invasive ventilation and also accepts referrals from other intensive care units to wean patients from invasive ventilation;
* the pulmonary hypertension (PH) service (Papworth is one of the four UK Pulmonary Hypertension centres and the only one providing pulmonary thromboendarterectomy);
* the adult cystic fibrosis service;
* the Lung Defense service, for patients with recurrent lung infection, including those with bronchiectasis and immunodeficiency;
* the thoracic oncology (lung cancer) service;
* the ataxia telangiectasia service;
* services for patients with pulmonary fibrosis, vasculitis, and rare diseases including Wegener's granulomatosis and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

Those based in the main building:
* cardiac surgery, including heart transplantation, coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve surgery, and pulmonary thromboendarterectomy;
* thoracic surgery, including lung cancer resection and lung transplantation;
* cardiology, including coronary angiography and coronary angioplasty, plus facilities for cardiac electrophysiology, aberrant conduction pathway ablation, pacemaker insertion, implantable cardiac defibrillator
* intensive care services.

uspension of transplants

On 2 November 2007 it was announced that Papworth Hospital would suspend heart transplant activities while an investigation was undertaken into an unexplained rise in recipient mortality rates. [Citation | author-link = BBC News | title = Papworth halts heart transplants | date = 2007-11-02 | year = 2007 | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/cambridgeshire/7073919.stm | accessdate = 2007-11-02 ]

The Hospital was given the all-clear on 19 November 2007 after the Healthcare Commission ruled the quality of care was good. [Citation | author-link = BBC News | title = Heart hospital gets the all-clear | date = 2007-11-19 | year = 2007 | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/7101717.stm | accessdate = 2007-11-19 ]

Future plans

The plans to move the hospital onto the bio-medical campus next to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, have now been agreed. The infrastructure to accommodate the increase in traffic has now been started and the move is currently scheduled to take place in 2013.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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