Ulmo (from the
ValarinUlubôz, Ullubôz via Ulumō) is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium. He is a Vala, and lord of the seas. Ulmo is a title, which means "He who pours". He is also known as "King of the Sea" and "Lord of Waters". Ulmo is similar to the god Poseidonin Greek mythologyand Neptune in Roman mythology. Ulmo was one of the chief architects of Arda(the world).
Ulmo was third in majesty of the Valar, after
Manwëand Varda; in other words, he was the third of the Aratar. He was very close to Manwë. Before the creation of Earth ( Arda) when the Ainur sang to his father Ilúvatar, Ulmo was the best singer and maker of music. This translates into the fluidity and versatility of water on Earth, blending with air to form clouds, freezing into ice, running on rivers and mixing in with all aspects of life and landscape. The Elves owe their skill in music to the early teachings of Ulmo and recognize his melodies in the running of streams and rivers as well as the beating of the waves on the sea. Ulmo had always distrusted Melkor, and the Dark Lord feared the Sea almost as much as he feared Varda, because neither could be tamed. Ulmo had no dwelling in Valinor, or any permanent dwelling on land as he preferred the deeps of the seas and the rivers. His palace, on the bottom of Vaiya, was called Ulmonan. He was never married, which added to his isolation.
He seldom came to the Councils of
Máhanaxar, and only when in great need. He preferred to stay in Arda, not by walking on the land, as his form would fill Man or Elf with great dread. All waters were under his government; bays, rivers and even the waters under the earth. It is through these that he kept in touch with Arda, and thus knew more of the goings on with the Children of Ilúvatarthan even Manwë, for it was said he lived in the very veins of the world.
He was said to be fearful to look upon to mortal eye, dressed like a giant wave in glittering green armour, blowing his great horns the
Ossë, and Ossë's wife Uinenwere (along with Melian), to the Elves, the best known of the Maiar. Through them Ulmo would learn much of the Elves.
Ulmo had always loved both the Eldar and the
Edain, even when the Valar forsook Middle-earth. He opposed Oromë's plan to bring the Elves to Aman, and anchored Tol Eressëain the Bay of Eldamar, which he did because he knew the minds of the Teleri. Ulmo was the Vala most responsible for the fall of Morgoth, by urging Turgonto build Gondolinand Finrodto build Nargothrond. He appeared before Tuorand urged him to go to Gondolin as a messenger to Turgon; when he got there he eventually married Turgon's daughter Idriland fathered Eärendil; Ulmo saved Eärendil's wife Elwingfrom the sack of the Havens of Sirion, allowing her to take a Silmarilto her husband, which allowed him to gain admittance to Valinor and plead for aid. Ulmo also defended them in the council from the potential wrath of Mandos.
Ulmo is also another name for St. Elmo, who, (coincidentally or not) is the
patron saintof mariners. [cite web
title=saint ulmo's light — Definitions from Dictionary.com
publisher=Lexico Publishing Group, LLC]
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См. также в других словарях:
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ulmo — ul·mo … English syllables
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