Noric language

Noric language
Spoken in Austria, Slovenia
Extinct unknown; later than the 2nd century AD
Language family
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nrc

The Noric language or Eastern Celtic language was a Continental Celtic language. It is attested in only two fragmentary inscriptions from the Roman province of Noricum (one in Grafenstein, Austria, the other in Ptuj, Slovenia), which do not provide enough information for any conclusions about the nature of the language to be drawn. However, the language was probably similar to the other Celtic languages near to it, such as Gaulish. Due to the scanty evidence it is unknown when it became extinct.

Ptuj inscription

The Ptuj inscription, discovered in 1894, is written right to left in a northern Italic alphabet[1] and reads:


This is interpreted as two personal names: Artebudz [son of] Brogduos.[2] The name Artebudz may mean "bear penis",[3] while Brogduos may contain the element brog-, mrog- "country".[4] Alternatively, the inscription may be interpreted as Artebudz [made this for] Brogdos, with the second name in the dative case.[5]

Grafenstein inscription

The Grafenstein inscription, on a tile from the 2nd century AD that was discovered in a gravel pit in 1977, is incomplete, but the extant part has been transcribed as follows:[1]


P· II- LAV · EX[
ỌNẠ C[…]

OLLO · SO · ? [

Here, Moge seems to be a personal name or an abbreviation of one, P· II- lav a Latin abbreviation indicating a weight, ne sadiíes a verbal form possibly meaning "you (singular) do not set", ollo so perhaps "this amount", and Lugnu another personal name. The text may therefore be a record of some sort of financial transaction.[1]

Other readings of the inscription have also been proposed, including:

MOGE · ES+[---]

PET(?) LAV · EX[---]
NE · SAMES[---]
OLLO · SO · VILO ·[---]
ONA O(?) + ++

OLLO · SO ·+
+ LVGNI · SI[6]


MOGV · CISS [---

OLLO · SO · VILO ·[---

OLLO · SO · VIA .[


  1. ^ a b c David Stifter, 2007-10-12, Keltisch in Österreich (Powerpoint document), (PDF of lecture). Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  2. ^ Encyclopédie de l'arbre celtique, Vase de Ptuj. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  3. ^ Il Vocabolario Celtico, p. 87, p. 89. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  4. ^ A. Falileyev, Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-Names. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  5. ^ Indogermanistik Wien, University of Vienna, Quellentexte: Ptuj. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  6. ^ Indogermanistik Wien, University of Vienna, Quellentexte: Grafenstein. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
  7. ^ Encyclopédie de l'arbre celtique, Tuile de Grafenstein. Retrieved 2008-01-09.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Noric — can refer to: the ancient region of Noricum the Noric Alps the Noric language the Noric race Noric steel the Taurisci, also called Norici This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Noric — ISO 639 3 Code : nrc ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Ancient …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Cornish language — For the Anglo Cornish accent and dialect, see Anglo Cornish. Cornish Kernowek, Kernewek Pronunciation [kərˈnuːək] Spoken in …   Wikipedia

  • Irish language — This article is about the modern Goidelic language. For the form of English as it is spoken in Ireland, see Hiberno English. For the cant based partly on English and partly on Irish, see Shelta. Irish Gaeilge Pronunciation [ˈɡeːlʲɟə] …   Wikipedia

  • Welsh language — Welsh Cymraeg, y Gymraeg Pronunciation [kəmˈrɑːɨɡ] Spoken in   …   Wikipedia

  • Manx language — Manx yn Ghaelg, yn Ghailck Pronunciation [əˈɣilk], [əˈɣilɡ] Spoken in Isle of Man Native speakers …   Wikipedia

  • British language — For other uses, see British language (disambiguation). For the language family, see Brythonic languages. British Spoken in Iron Age Britain, south of the Firth of Forth Extinct Developed into Old Welsh, Cumbric, Cornish and Breton by 600 AD …   Wikipedia

  • Cumbric language — Cumbric Spoken in Southern Scotland, Cumberland, Westmorland parts of Northumberland, Lancashire and possibly North Yorkshire Extinct 11th–12th century[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Noricum — The provinces and dioceses of the Roman Empire after the death of Theodosius I in ca. 400AD …   Wikipedia

  • Celtic languages — Infobox Language family name = Celtic region = Formerly widespread in Europe; today British Isles, Brittany, Patagonia and Nova Scotia familycolor = Indo European fam1 = Indo European child1 = Continental Celtic child2 = Insular Celtic… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.