- Noric language
Noric Spoken in Austria, Slovenia Extinct unknown; later than the 2nd century AD Language family Language codes ISO 639-3 nrc
The Noric language or Eastern Celtic language was a Continental Celtic language. It is attested in only two fragmentary inscriptions from the Roman province of Noricum (one in Grafenstein, Austria, the other in Ptuj, Slovenia), which do not provide enough information for any conclusions about the nature of the language to be drawn. However, the language was probably similar to the other Celtic languages near to it, such as Gaulish. Due to the scanty evidence it is unknown when it became extinct.
“ ARTEBUDZBROGDUI ”
This is interpreted as two personal names: Artebudz [son of] Brogduos. The name Artebudz may mean "bear penis", while Brogduos may contain the element brog-, mrog- "country". Alternatively, the inscription may be interpreted as Artebudz [made this for] Brogdos, with the second name in the dative case.
“ MOGE · ES[
P· II- LAV · EX[
ṆE · SAḌỊÍES[
OLLO · SO · VILO[
OLLO · SO · ? [
P LṾGNṾ · SI
Here, Moge seems to be a personal name or an abbreviation of one, P· II- lav a Latin abbreviation indicating a weight, ne sadiíes a verbal form possibly meaning "you (singular) do not set", ollo so perhaps "this amount", and Lugnu another personal name. The text may therefore be a record of some sort of financial transaction.
Other readings of the inscription have also been proposed, including:
“ MOGE · ES+[---]
PET(?) LAV · EX[---]
NE · SAMES[---]
OLLO · SO · VILO ·[---]
ONA O(?) + ++
OLLO · SO ·+
+ LVGNI · SI
“ MOGV · CISS [---
PETILAV · IEX[---
NE · SADIIES[---
OLLO · SO · VILO ·[---
OLLO · SO · VIA .[
- ^ a b c David Stifter, 2007-10-12, Keltisch in Österreich (Powerpoint document), (PDF of lecture). Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- ^ Encyclopédie de l'arbre celtique, Vase de Ptuj. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- ^ Il Vocabolario Celtico, p. 87, p. 89. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- ^ A. Falileyev, Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-Names. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- ^ Indogermanistik Wien, University of Vienna, Quellentexte: Ptuj. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- ^ Indogermanistik Wien, University of Vienna, Quellentexte: Grafenstein. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- ^ Encyclopédie de l'arbre celtique, Tuile de Grafenstein. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
Celtic languages Continental Celtic Insular CelticUncertain Mixed Celtic-speaking areas Immersive education Italics indicate extinct languages.
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