Islamic socialism

Islamic socialism

Islamic socialism is a term coined by various Muslim leaders to meet the demand for a more spiritual form of socialism. Some orthodox Islamic scholars declare socialists to be atheist, and declare various socialist programs, such as the confiscation of private property, to be oppressive and against Islamic teachings. Muslim socialists, on the other hand, believe that the teachings of Muhammad are compatible with principles of equality and the redistribution of wealth.


The first experimental Islamic commune was established during the Russian Revolution of 1917 as part of the Wäisi movement, an early supporter of the Soviet regime. The Muslim Socialist Committee of Kazan was also active at this time also.

One of the notable figures in the Islamic socialist tradition was the leader of the Pakistan Peoples Party, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who lived from 1928 to 1979 and became Prime Minister of Pakistan. He promoted Islamic socialism after the Islamic scholars declared him and his system to be atheist.

Muammar al-Gaddafi, who seized power in Libya with a military coup in 1969, called his ruling ideology "Islamic socialism".

Other notable Muslim socialists include:

* Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, Indian politician and cabinet minister from 1947-1954
* Haji Misbach
* Gamal Abdel Nasser
* Faiz Ahmed FaizFact|date=August 2008

Islamic Marxism

Islamic Marxism is a term that has been used to describe Ali Shariati (in "Shariati and Marx: A Critique of an "Islamic" Critique of Marxism" by Assef Bayat). It is also sometimes used in discussions of the 1979 Iranian revolution, including parties such as the Mojahedin-e-Khalq Organization. [ [ About So-Called Islamic Marxism ] ]


See also

*Arab Socialism
*The Green Book

External links

* "Pakistan: Impact of Islamic Socialism", Bidanda M. Chengappa * , Senior Research Fellow, IDSA, in Strategic Analysis: A Monthly Journal of the IDSA Jan-Mar 2002 (Vol. XXVI No. 1). Reproduced in the Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) at:
* " [ Iqbal and the Concept of Islamic Socialism] ", Kazi Publications

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