- Islamic socialism
Islamic socialism is a term coined by various
Muslimleaders to meet the demand for a more spiritual form of socialism. Some orthodox Islamic scholars declare socialists to be atheist, and declare various socialist programs, such as the confiscation of private property, to be oppressive and against Islamic teachings. Muslim socialists, on the other hand, believe that the teachings of Muhammadare compatible with principles of equalityand the redistribution of wealth.
The first experimental Islamic commune was established during the
Russian Revolution of 1917as part of the Wäisi movement, an early supporter of the Sovietregime. The Muslim Socialist Committee of Kazanwas also active at this time also.
One of the notable figures in the Islamic socialist tradition was the leader of the
Pakistan Peoples Party, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who lived from 1928 to 1979 and became Prime Minister of Pakistan. He promoted Islamic socialism after the Islamic scholars declared him and his system to be atheist. Muammar al-Gaddafi, who seized power in Libyawith a military coupin 1969, called his ruling ideology "Islamic socialism".
Other notable Muslim socialists include:
Rafi Ahmed Kidwai, Indian politician and cabinet minister from 1947-1954
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Faiz Ahmed FaizFact|date=August 2008
Islamic Marxism is a term that has been used to describe
Ali Shariati(in "Shariati and Marx: A Critique of an "Islamic" Critique of Marxism" by Assef Bayat). It is also sometimes used in discussions of the 1979 Iranian revolution, including parties such as the Mojahedin-e-Khalq Organization. [ [http://www.ghandchi.com/110-IslamicMarxism.htm About So-Called Islamic Marxism ] ]
The Green Book
* "Pakistan: Impact of Islamic Socialism", Bidanda M. Chengappa * , Senior Research Fellow, IDSA, in Strategic Analysis: A Monthly Journal of the IDSA Jan-Mar 2002 (Vol. XXVI No. 1). Reproduced in the Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) at: http://www.ciaonet.org/olj/sa/sa_jan02chb01.html
* " [http://www.kazi.org/product_info.php?cPath=12&products_id=261&osCsid=35fa433b74b9837e1880decc1685435a Iqbal and the Concept of Islamic Socialism] ", Kazi Publications
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