Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery


Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery


caption=
dates=1750.
country=Canada
allegiance=
branch=Canadian Forces personnel branch
type=artillery
role=
size=
command_structure=
current_commander=
garrison=
ceremonial_chief=
colonel_of_the_regiment=
nickname=
patron=
motto=
colors=
march=
mascot=
battles=
notable_commanders=
anniversaries=
The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery "(Fr: le Régiment royal de l'Artillerie canadienne)" is the artillery personnel branch of the Canadian Forces (CF).

History

Many of the units and batteries of the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery are older than Canada itself. The first artillery company in Canada was formed in the province of Quebec in 1750.

Volunteer Canadian artillery batteries existed before 1855 but their history is mostly unknown. Seven batteries of artillery were formed after the passage of the Militia Act of 1855 which allowed Canada to retain a paid military force of 5,000 men. One of the pre-1855 volunteer batteries formed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1793 was called the “Loyal Company of Artillery” and exists today as the 3rd Field Regiment, RCA.

After Confederation

On 20 October 1871, the first regular Canadian army units were created, in the form of two batteries of garrison artillery; thus, that date is considered the regiment's birthday. "A Battery" in Kingston, Ontario and "B Battery" in Quebec City, Quebec were to become gunnery schools and perform garrison duties in their respective towns. They are still active today as part of the 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery.

The Royal Canadian Artillery has participated in every major conflict in Canada's history.

Units of The Royal Canadian Artillery

The only Royal Canadian Artillery regiment in the regular army is 4th Air Defence Regiment, with the majority of RCA cap badged units in the militia. The three field regiments of the regular army are badged as Royal Canadian Horse Artillery.

Regular Force

*1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
**"A" Battery
**"B" Battery
**"C" Battery
**Headquarters and Services Battery
* 2nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery
**"D" Battery
**"E" Battery
**"F" Battery
**Headquarters and Services Battery
* 5e Régiment d’artillerie légère du Canada
**Batterie "X"
**Batterie "Q"
**Batterie "R"
**Batterie de Commandement et Services
* 4th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**119th Battery
**128th Battery
*Field Artillery School
**"W" Battery

Reserves

Regiments

* 1st Field Artillery Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery (Halifax, NS)
**51st Battery
**87th Battery
* 2nd Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery (Montreal, QC)
**7th Battery
**50th Battery
**66th Battery
* 3rd Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**89th Battery
**115th Battery
* 5th (British Columbia) Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**55th Battery
**56th Battery
* 6e Régiment d’artillerie de campagne
**57e Batterie
**59e Batterie
* 7th (Toronto) Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**9th Field Battery
**15thField Battery
**130th Battery
* 10th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**18th Battery
**64th (Yorkton) Field Battery
* 11th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**11th (Hamilton-Wentworth) Battery
**16th Battery
**29th Battery
* 15th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**31st Battery
**68th Battery
* 20th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**61st Battery (Edmonton, AB)
**78th Battery (Red Deer, AB)
* 26th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**13th Battery
**71st Battery
* 30th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**1st Battery
**2nd Battery
* 49th (Sault Ste Marie) Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**30th Battery
**148th Battery
* 56th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**10th Battery
**54th Battery
**69th Battery
* 62e Régiment d’artillerie de campagne
**81e Batterie
**185e Batterie
**186e Batterie
* 1st Air Defence/42nd Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
**89th Battery
**109th Battery
* 18th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery (Lethbridge, AB)
**20th Battery
**39th Battery

Independent batteries

* 58th Air Defence Battery
* 84th Independent Field Battery
* 116th Independent Field Battery

Since spring 2005, 10th Field Regiment, 26th Field Regiment and 116th Independent Field Battery have been grouped together as 38 Canadian Brigade Group's (38 CBG) Artillery Tactical Group (ATG).

Other units

* The Royal Canadian Artillery Band

Order of precedence

RCHA on parade with guns:

RCHA on dismounted parades:

RCA units:

"Note:" The honour of "The Right of the Line" (precedence over other units), on an army parade, is held by the units of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery when on parade with their guns. On dismounted parades, RCHA units take precedence over all other land force units except formed bodies of Officer Cadets of the Royal Military College of Canada representing their college. RCA units parade to the left of units of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps. The Royal Canadian Artillery does not carry colours. Its guns are its colours and are saluted on parade.

Affiliations

* - Royal Regiment of Artillery
* - Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
* - Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery

ee also

* Canadian Forces
* Canadian Forces Land Force Command
* List of Canadian organizations with royal patronage

External links

* [http://www.recruiting.forces.gc.ca Canadian Forces Recruiting]
* [http://www.forces.gc.ca Canadian Forces and Department of National Defence]
* [http://www.militaryheritage.com/3rdbattery.htm History and Uniform of the 3rd "Montreal" Field Battery, 1855 to 1970]

References

* [http://www.artillery.net/english/RCA%20Standing%20Orders.pdf RCA Standing Orders (as of 1 February 2001)]
* [http://www.artillery.net/english/history.htm RCA Web Site]
* "A-AD-200-000/AG-000 The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces, 1999." says nothing about any changes to Branch names


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery caption= country=Australia type=Artillery branch=Army dates=1 March, 1901 – Present specialization=Field Artillery (8 regiments) Air Defence (1 regiment) Surveillance and… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Regiment — The Royal Regiment might refer to * The Royal Regiment of Artillery * The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery * The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery * The Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery * The Royal Regiment of Canada * The Royal… …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery — 16 Field Regiment, Royal New Zealand Artillery Active 1 September 1947 – Present Country  New Zealand …   Wikipedia

  • Royal Regiment of Scotland — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Royal Regiment of Scotland caption=Cap Badge of The Royal Regiment of Scotland dates=28 March 2006 country=United Kingdom branch=British Army type=Line Infantry command structure=Scottish Division role=1st… …   Wikipedia

  • 30th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery — Infobox Military Unit unit name = 30th Field Regiment Royal Canadian Artillery 30th Field Artillery Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery (Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery) is a Canadian Forces militia (reservist) artillery regiment located in… …   Wikipedia

  • 26th Field Artillery Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery — The 26th Field Artillery Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery is a Canadian Forces militia (Reservist) artillery regiment located in Brandon, Manitoba.Currently, the regiment consists of 71 Field Battery in Brandon and 13 Field Battery in Portage… …   Wikipedia

  • 2nd Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 2nd Field RegimentRoyal Canadian Artillery caption=Royal Canadian Artillery dates= 1828 Present country= Canada allegiance= branch= Royal Canadian Artillery Primary Reserve type= Field Artillery role= size=… …   Wikipedia

  • 7th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery — Infobox Military Unit unit name = 7th Medium RegimentRoyal Canadian Artillery caption = dates = 1 September 1939 8 June 1945 country = Canada country = flag|Canada|1921 allegiance = branch = Canadian Army type = role = Artillery size = command… …   Wikipedia

  • 15th Field Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 15th Field RegimentRoyal Canadian Artillery caption= RCA crest dates= 1920 – present country= Canada allegiance= branch= Royal Canadian Artillery Primary Reserve (Militia) type= Artillery role= size= command… …   Wikipedia

  • 5th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery — The 5th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, was one of six Canadian medium regiments that saw service in Britain and continental Europe in the Second World War, the others being the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 7th Medium Regiments. (There was… …   Wikipedia