name = Elasmobranchii (rays and sharks)

image_width = 250px
image_caption = Great white shark, "Carcharodon carcharias"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Chondrichthyes
subclassis = Elasmobranchii
subclassis_authority = Bonaparte, 1838
subdivision_ranks = Superorders
subdivision =
Batoidea (rays and skates)
Selachimorpha (sharks)

Elasmobranchii is the subclass of cartilaginous fish that includes skates, rays (batoidea), and sharks (selachii).


Elasmobranchii is one of the two subclasses of cartilaginous fishes in the class Chondrichthyes, the other being Holocephali (chimaeras). For features that distinguish Elasmobranchii from Holocephali, see those articles. This classification includes great white sharks and the extinct megalodon.

Members of the elasmobranchii subclass have no swim bladders, five to seven pairs of gill clefts opening individually to the exterior, rigid dorsal fins, and small placid scales. The teeth are in several series; the upper jaw is not fused to the cranium, and the lower jaw is articulated with the upper. The eyes have a tapetum lucidum. The inner margin of each pelvic fin in the male fish is grooved to constitute a clasper for the transmission of sperm. These fishes are widely distributed in tropical and temperate waters. [cite book
last = Bigelow| first = Henry B.
authorlink = Henry B. Bigelow
coauthors = Schroeder, William C.
title = Fishes of the Western North Atlantic
publisher = Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Yale University
date = 1948
pages = pp. 64-65
isbn = B000J0D9X6


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elasmobranchii — E*las mo*bran chi*i, n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a metal plate + L. branchia a gill.] (Zo[ o]l.) A subclass of fishes, comprising the sharks, the rays, and the Chim[ae]ra. The skeleton is mainly cartilaginous. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Elasmobranchĭi — Elasmobranchĭi, Selachier, Haifische (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Elasmobranchii — Elasmobranchii, Selachii, ca. 730 meist marine Arten umfassende Ordnung der ⇒ Chondrichthyes. Unterordnungen ⇒ Pleurotremata, Haie; ⇒ Hypotremata, Rochen …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • Elasmobranchii — Elasmobranchii …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elasmobranchii —   Elasmobranquios Manta gigante (Manta birostris), un elasmobranquio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elasmobranchii — Plattenkiemer Weißer Hai (Carcharodon carcharias) Zeitraum Devon bis heute Systematik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elasmobranchii — Batoidea Selachimorpha Los elasmobranquios (Elasmobranchii) conforman una subclase dentro de los llamados peces condrictios o cartilainosos (clase Chondrichthyes). Comprende, entre otros, los tiburones (superorden Selachimorpha), las rayas y las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Elasmobranchii — noun sharks; rays; dogfishes; skates • Syn: ↑subclass Elasmobranchii, ↑Selachii, ↑subclass Selachii • Hypernyms: ↑class • Member Holonyms: ↑Chondrichthyes, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Elasmobranchii — …   Википедия

  • Elasmobranchii — Elasmobrạnchi|i,   Elasmobrạnchi|er, Plattenkiemer, Unterklasse der Knorpelfische …   Universal-Lexikon