- United Nations Information and Communication Technologies Task Force
The United Nations Information and Communication Technologies Task Force (UN ICT TF) was a multi-stakeholder initiative associated with the
United Nationswhich is "intended to lend a truly global dimension to the multitude of efforts to bridge the global digital divide, foster digital opportunity and thus firmly put ICT at the service of development for all." [ [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/about/ About the UN ICT TF] ]
The UN ICT Task Force was created by
United NationsSecretary-General Kofi Annanin November 2001, acting upon a request by Economic and Social Council ( ECOSOC) dated July 11 2000, with an initial term of mandate of three years (until the end of 2004). It followed in the footsteps of the World Economic Forum( WEF) Global Digital Divide Initiative (GDDI), and the Digital Opportunities Task Force (DOT Force), established in 2000 by the G8at their annual summit in Okinawa, Japan. By providing it with a home in the United Nations, this accorded the UN ICT Task Force, in the eyes of many developing countries, a broader legitimization than the previous WEF and G8 initiatives, even if these previous initiatives also included a multi-stakehoder approach with broad participation by stakeholders from industrialized and developing countries.
Aims and objectives
The Task Force's principal aim was to provide policy advice to governments and international organizations for bridging the digital divide. In addition to supporting the
World Summit on the Information Society(WSIS) and leading the UN in developing ICT strategies for development, the Task Force's objective was to form partnerships between the UN system and states, private industry, trusts, foundations and donors, and other stakeholders.
Membership and organization
The UN ICT Task Force [ [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/panel/ UN ICT Task Force membership] ] has included the top ranks of the computer industry (
Cisco Systems, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Nokia, SAP, Siemens, Sun Microsystems), together with global NGOs (e.g. the APC), governments and international agencies. Its coordinating body was a multi-stakeholder bureau, assisted by a small secretariat at UN headquarters in New York. Technical advice was provided by a high-level panel of technical advisors.
Challenge to Silicon Valley
2002 Kofi Annanissued a Challenge to Silicon Valleyto create suitable systems at prices low enough to permit deployment everywhere, whether through international aid programs, NGOs, charities, or microcreditsupport. The call has been answered, but only a few UNprograms were actively using computers and communications in developing countries in 2004.Fact|date=February 2007 The UNHCRran a refugee camp in Tanzaniawhere the Global Catalyst Foundation had placed computers and communications equipment for the use of the Burundian refugees confined there. The ITU worked with the kingdom of Bhutanon a Simputerproject.
World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)
The Task Force was active, inter alia, in the process leading to the
World Summit on the Information Society(WSIS) in Genevain December 2003and WSIS II in Tunisin November 2005. In order to participate in the second phase of the WSIS, the Task Force's original 3-year mandate was extended by another year and expired on 31 December 2005, with no further extension.
The Task Force's stakeholders, members and the experts on the panel of technical advisors, are active in working groups organized around four broad themes:
* ICT Policy and Governance
* Enabling Environment
* Human Resource Development and Capacity Building
* ICT Indicators and MDG Mapping
Regional activities were carried out in five regional networks:
* Latin America and the Caribbean
* Arab States
* Europe and Central Asia
2002, June 17-18: A session of the General Assembly of the United Nations was devoted to [information and communication technologies for development, addressing the digital divide in the context of globalization and the development process. The session promoted coherence and synergies between various regional and international information and communication technologies initiatives. The meeting also contributed to the preparation of the World Summit on the Information Society. Many countries were be represented by high-level officials responsible for communications and for development.
The Task Force held 10 semi-annual meetings in various places that served as important venues for exchange of best practices, and to bring the various stakeholders together to work on common themes. Most successful, in the eyes of the participants, were those meetings that were held in conjunction with a series of Global Forums:
* 1st meeting: at UN headquarters in
New York, NY, ( USA) - November 19-20, 2001.
* 2nd meeting: at UN headquarters in
New York, NY, ( USA) - February 3-4, 2002.
* 3rd meeting: at UN headquarters in
New York, NY, ( USA) - September 30- October 1, 2002, focused on ICT for development in Africa. It also reviewed the results of the first year of Task Force activities and agreed on an ambitious strategy for the next two years.
* 4th meeting: at UN in
Geneva, ( Switzerland) - February 21-22, 2004, with a Private Sector Forum.
* 5th meeting: at
WIPOin Geneva- September 12-13, 2003, to allow participants to discuss the Task Force's contribution to WSIS.
* 6th meeting: at UN headquarters in
New York, NY, ( USA) - March 2004, with a Global Forum on Internet Governance.
* 7th meeting: at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in
Berlin, Germany- November 18-20, 2004, with a Global Forum on an Enabling Environment.
* 8th meeting: in
Dublin, Ireland- April 13-15, 2005, with a Global Forum on Harnessing the Potential of ICTs in Education.
* 9th meeting: at ILO in
Geneva, Switzerland- October 1, 2005.
* 10th (final) meeting: at the
World Summit on the Information Societyin Tunis, Tunisia- November 17, 2005.
In addition, a Global Roundtable Forum on "Innovation and Investment: Scaling Science and Technology to Meet the MDGs" was held in New York,
13 September 2005. The primary focus of the Forum was on the critical role of science, technology and innovation, especially information and communication technologies, in scaling-up grassroots, national and global responses to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
WSIS II in Tunis
Parallel to the booth at the ICT4ALL exhibition, a series of events was held under the auspices of the UN ICT Task Force and its members:
Measuring the Information Society
The Partnership for Measuring ICT for Development [ [http://measuring-ict.unctad.org Welcome to the Measuring ICT Website - new.unctad.org ] ] involves 11 organizations -- Eurostat, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations ICT Task Force, the five United Nations Regional Commissions and the World Bank.
Role of Parliaments in the Information Society
Key parliament leaders presented their views on the role that national and regional assemblies can play in building the information society at a “High-level Dialogue on Governance, Global Citizenship and Technology”, on
Choosing the Right Technologies for Education
At this workshop, the
Global e-School Initiative[http://www.gesci.org Global eSchools and Communities Initiative] ] presented the Total Cost of Ownership Calculator -- a framework for identifying and selecting the right ICT for schools by assessing their benefits, feasibility and costs.
Building Partnerships for the Information Society
Two high-level round tables on
16 Novemberfocused on “Regional Perspectives for the Global Information Society” and on “Women in the Information Society: Building a Gender Balanced Knowledge-based Economy”.
Putting ICT to Work for the Millennium Development Goals and the UN Development Agenda
17 Novemberround table examined how ICT can be applied to the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, and discussed ways to raise awareness of ICT as an enabler of development.
Achieving Better Quality and Cost Efficiency in Health Care and Education through ICT
17 Novemberpanel demonstrated the potential of ICT to improve quality and cost efficiency of key public services, with specific focus on education and health care.
Bridging the Digital Divide with Broadband Wireless Internet
17 Novemberround table focused on the critical role that broadband wireless infrastructure deployments play in bridging the digital divide.
Outcomes from WSIS
One of the notable outcomes of the work of the UN ICT Task Force was the creation in 2003 of the [http://www.gesci.org Global eSchools and Communities Initiative] ] (GeSCI), a new international non-profit organization located in
Dublin, Ireland, to improve education in schools and communities through the use of information and communication technologies. GeSCI was officially launched during the WSIS.
Another outcome is the Global ePolicy Resource Network (ePol-NET), [ [http://www.epol-net.org/ Global ePolicy Resource Network] ] designed to marshal global efforts in support of national e-strategies for development. The network provides ICT policymakers in developing countries with the depth and quality of information needed to develop effective national e-policies and e-strategies. The network was first proposed by the members of the Digital Opportunities Task Force (DOT Force), who merged their activities with the UN ICT Task Force in 2002. The ePol-Net was also officially launched during the WSIS.
Global Centre for ICT in Parliament
Another outcome of the WSIS is the Global Centre for ICT in Parliament. Launched by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) in cooperation with the Inter-parliamentary Union (IPU) on the occasion of the World Summit of the Information Society (WSIS) in Tunis in November 2005, the Global Centre for Information and Communication Technologies in Parliament responds to the common desire to build a people-centred, inclusive and development-oriented information society, where legislatures are empowered to better fulfil their constitutional functions through Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).
The Global Centre for ICT in Parliament acts as a clearing house for information, research, innovation, technology and technical assistance, and promotes a structured dialogue among parliaments, centres of excellence, international organizations, the civil society, the private sector and the donor community, with the purpose to enhance the sharing of experiences, the identification of best practices and the implementation of appropriate solutions.
The task of bridging the digital divide is yet unfinished. The WSIS has called for an
Internet Governance Forumto allow for a global multi-stakeholder discussion of issues related to the governance of the global resource that the Internet represents. The WSIS also called for a follow-up and implementation process, for which the principles embodied in the multi-stakeholder composition and workings of the UN ICT TF can provide a useful model.
Work is also being carried on by the UN Group on the Information Society [ [http://www.ungis.org Group on the Information Society] ] , with a UN System based emphasis, and the
Global Alliance for ICT and Development(GAID), [ [http://www.un-gaid.org Global Alliance for ICT and Development] ] with an international development emphasis.
* [http://www.un.org/documents/ecosoc/docs/2000/e2000-55.pdf Report of the high-level panel of experts on information and communication technology] (
22 May 2000), suggesting a UN ICT Task Force.
* [http://www.un.org/documents/ecosoc/docs/2000/e2000-l9.pdf Draft Ministerial Declaration] (
11 July 2000), asking for the establishment of the UN ICT TF.
As part of its work, the Task Force and its members have published a series of books on various topics related to the work of the Task Force. These books are available in the UN bookstore, at Amazon (partially), or in PDF form:
* UN ICT Task Force Series 1 - [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1152 Information Insecurity: A Survival Guide to the Uncharted Territories of Cyber-Threats and Cyber-Security] (By Eduardo Gelbstein, Ahmad Kamal) - July 2005, ISBN 92-1-104530-4
* UN ICT Task Force Series 2 - [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1151 Information and Communication Technologies for African Development: An Assessment of Progress and Challenges Ahead] (Edited with Introduction by Joseph O. Okpaku, Sr., Ph.D.) - July 2005, ISBN 92-1-104531-2
* UN ICT Task Force Series 3: [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1360 The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Global Development - Analyses and Policy Recommendations] (Edited with introduction by Abdul Basit Haqqani) - July 2005, ISBN 92-1-104532-0
* UN ICT Task Force Series 4: [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1361 Connected for Development: Information Kiosks and Sustainability] (By Akhtar Badshah, Sarbuland Khan and Maria Garrido) - July 2005, ISBN 92-1-104533-9
* UN ICT Task Force Series 5 - [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1392 Internet Governance: A Grand Collaboration] (By Don MacLean) - July 2005, ISBN 92-1-104534-7
* UN ICT Task Force Series 6 - [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1489 Creating an Enabling Environment: Toward the Millennium Development Goals] (By Denis Gilhooly) - September 2005, ISBN 92-1-104535-5
* UN ICT Task Force Series 7 - [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1536 WTO, E-commerce and Information Technologies: From the Uruguay Round through the Doha Development Agenda] (By Sacha Wunsch-Vincent, Edited by Joanna McIntosh)
* UN ICT Task Force Series 8: [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1544 The World Summit on the Information Society: Moving from the Past into the Future] (Edited by Daniel Stauffacher and Wolfgang Kleinwächter)
* UN ICT Task Force Series 9: [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1570 Harnessing the Potential of ICT for Education – A Multistakeholder Approach] (Edited by Bonnie Bracey and Terry Culver)
* UN ICT Task Force Series 10: [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1545 Village Phone Replication Manual] (By David Keogh and Tim Wood) - September 2005, ISBN 92-1-104546-0
* UN ICT Task Force Series 11: [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1571 Information and Communication Technology for Peace - The Role of ICT in Preventing, Responding to and Recovering from Conflict] (By Daniel Stauffacher, William Drake, Paul Currion and Julia Steinberger)
* UN ICT Task Force Series 12: [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/perl/documents.pl?id=1572 Reforming Internet Governance: Perspectives from the Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG)] (Edited by William J. Drake)
* [http://www.unicttaskforce.org/ UN ICT Task Force Website]
* [http://www.glocom.ac.jp/dotforce/ Information about the Digital Opportunities Task Force (DOT Force)]
* [http://www.gesci.org Global eSchools and Communities Initiative (GeSCI)]
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