- Symphony No. 10 (Beethoven/Cooper)
Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 10 in E flat major is a hypothetical work. Barry Cooper assembled it from Beethoven's fragmentary sketches and two recordings were released in 1988, one conducted by Wyn Morris["Beethoven: First Recording of Symphony No. 10 in E flat, 1st movement"; London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Wyn Morris; Carlton Classics; ASIN: B000003YPG] and the other by Walter Weller. Cooper assembled material for a first movement consisting of an Andante in E-flat majorenclosing a central Allegro in C minor. Cooper claims to have also found sketches for a Scherzo which are not developed enough to assemble into a performing version.
Beethoven never completed a Symphony No. 10. After completing the Ninth Symphony, he devoted his energies largely to composing string quartets, although there are contemporary references to some work on an orchestral piece; allegedly he played some of his ideas for this piece for his friend Karl Holz. Calling Barry Cooper's work the "Symphony No. 10" has proven to be rather controversial, since it cannot be proven that all the sketches assembled were even intended to be part of the same piece. Cooper claimed that he found over fifty separate fragments which he wove together to form the symphonic movement.
Though this work remains controversial, there is a consensus that Beethoven did intend to complete another symphony. There are numerous references to it in his correspondence (originally, he had planned the Ninth Symphony to be entirely instrumental, the
Ode to Joyto be a separate cantata, and the Tenth Symphony to conclude with a different vocal work). Most scholarswho|date=September 2008 consider Cooper's work to be a useful work of scholarship, but do not consider the "Tenth Symphony" to be an authentic addition to Beethoven's canon.dubious Johannes Brahms's First Symphony is sometimes referred to as "Beethoven's Tenth Symphony", after a remark by Hans von Bülow. [David Lee Brodbeck, "Brahms: Symphony No. 1". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1997): 86. "Bülow, formerly allied with Liszt and Wagner in the New German School, understood the musico-political climate of the day as well as anyone, and his reference to the "Tenth Symphony" ... could only have been calculated to incense. ... Bülow seems to be implying here that it was Brahms, not the Bayreuth master [Richard Wagner] , who could rightfully claim Beethoven's mantle."] [Norman del Mar, "Conducting Brahms". Oxford: Oxford University Press (1993): 1. "And when at last he [Brahms] allowed it [his Symphony No. 1] to appear, he was very tetchy over the admittedly banal remarks about it being Beethoven's Tenth."] In a curious coincidence, both the Brahms work and Beethoven's sketches (as realized by Cooper) feature C-minor Allegros in 6/8 meter.
Beethoven's 10th symphony is the subject of "
Beethoven's Last Night", a concept albumby Trans-Siberian Orchestra.
* [http://www.lucare.com/immortal/cooper.html Article on methods behind the symphony's construction]
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