Darkhan (city)


Darkhan (city)
Darkhan (Дархан)
City
Country Mongolia
Aimag Darkhan Uul
Coordinates 49°28′08″N 105°57′27″E / 49.46889°N 105.9575°E / 49.46889; 105.9575
Population 74,300 (2007)
Founded 1961
Date October 17
Timezone UTC+8
Area code +976 (0)137
License plate ДА_ (_ variable)
Location of Darkhan in Mongolia

Darkhan (Mongolian: Дархан, blacksmith) is the second-largest city in Mongolia and the capital of Darkhan-Uul Aimag (Darkhan-Uul Province). It has a population of 74,300 (as of 2007[1]).

Contents

History

Buddha Statue complex

Ground was broken on October 17, 1961, and the city was built with extensive economic assistance from the Soviet Union. As its name implies, the city was originally conceived to be a manufacturing site for Mongolia's northern territory. The city remains a mostly industrial region and is the home of some 82% of the aimag's population. As with most urban Mongols, some 86% of the city's population live in residential apartments, with the remaining population living in yurts (gers) on the outskirts of the city. The city is close to Russia and retains a fairly large percentage of native Russians.

Climate

Darkhan has a borderline humid continental climate (Dwb), close to the more typical subarctic climate (Dwc) of northern Mongolia, which is found in higher areas near the city, and only marginally wet enough to avoid qualifying as a semi-arid climate (BSk). These three climate types tend to overlap a good deal over the border regions of Mongolia, Russia and Kazakhstan[2]. This area has extremely cold and dry winters; however the summers are warmer and more humid.

Climate data for Darkhan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −16
(3)
−12
(10)
1
(34)
11
(52)
19
(66)
24
(75)
26
(79)
24
(75)
18
(64)
9
(48)
−3
(27)
−13
(9)
7.3
Average low °C (°F) −28
(−18)
−26
(−15)
−15
(5)
−4
(25)
3
(37)
10
(50)
13
(55)
12
(54)
3
(37)
−5
(23)
−16
(3)
−25
(−13)
−6.5
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
4
(0.16)
6
(0.24)
13
(0.51)
22
(0.87)
63
(2.48)
92
(3.62)
82
(3.23)
41
(1.61)
15
(0.59)
8
(0.31)
6
(0.24)
357
(14.06)
Avg. precipitation days 4 3 4 6 8 12 15 15 9 6 5 5 92
Source: [3]

Culture

Monument to Morinkhuur instrument

The Kharagiin monastery is housed in a pretty log cabin in the old town; it has recently become active again as a Buddhist monastery.

In addition, the city hosts the Museum of Darkhan-Uul. This museum, also called the Traditional Museum of Folk Art, contains a collection of archaeological findings, traditional clothing, religious artifacts, and taxidermy.

Education

Darkhan is the second largest educational center in Mongolia, making the educational level of the city’s population very high. Hundreds of students come to Darkhan from other parts of Mongolia to study. Currently in Darkhan Uul Aimag there are 10 higher education institutions, 25 secondary schools, 14 kindergartens, the Institute of Management and Development, the Regional Business Development Center and the Plant Science and Agricultural Training Research Institute.

Partner cities

Darkhan is partnered with:[4]

City State Country
Dimitrovgrad BUL Димитровград COA.png Haskovo Province Bulgaria Bulgaria
Irving Texas Texas United States United States
Kaposvár Somogy departemento blazono.jpg Somogy County Hungary Hungary
Ulan Ude Buryatia Buryatia Russia Russia

References


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