- Battle of Kilmallock
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Kilmallock
Irish Civil War
June 28- August 5 1922
result=Irish Free State victory
combatant1=Irish Free State's National Army and
combatant2=Anti-Treaty Irish Republican Army
strength1=1,500 troops (at start)
4,000 troops (by end)
artillery and armoured cars
strength2=2,000 troops (at start)
name=Irish Civil War
battles=Dunmanway – Free State offensive - Dublin - Kilmallock
The Battle of Kilmallock (also Killmallock) took place between
June 28and August 5, 1922, in County Limerick. It was one of the largest engagements of the Irish Civil War.
The battle started when Republican forces under Comdt. Gen.
Liam Deasythat had withdrawn from Limerickconcentrated in Kilmallockand the nearby towns of Bruffand Bruree. This battle was the only 'line battle' of the war with the two sides facing each other along clear front-lines. The Kilmallock-Bruff-Bruree triangle would see some of the war's most intense fighting.
The main reason for this was that the Free State troops, most of whom were new recruits, were facing some of the best of the IRA forces without an advantage.
General Eoin O'Duffyestimated that while his forces had about 1,300 rifles, the Republicans could muster over 2,000.
The Republicans knew this and were confident of success. Nevertheless, the Republican commanders had their own problems. Logistical support and co-operation between forces from different counties was poor and unreliable because troops were fighting in their own counties against advancing Free State forces.
O'Duffy drew up plans for the advance on Kilmallock with the assistance of his second in command Major General
W.R.E Murphywho had been a Brigadier Generalin the Great War. His experience in the trenches had a major effect on his approach. On Sunday 23 July Free State forces, already controlling Bruff, began their advance on Kilmallock but were twice beaten back and the Republicans managed to retake Bruff. O'Duffy called off the advance for the time being and waited for reinforcements.
Free State forces quickly retook Bruff but things got worse as the week went on. On Tuesday 25 July a unit of the
Dublin Guardunder Tom Floodwas ambushed on a narrow road. They fought their way clear but only after losing four men. Five days later Maj. Gen. Murphy launched an attack to take Bruree. Free State troops were supported by armoured cars and an 18 pounder field gun. The Dublin Guards attempted to take the town form the southeast. The Republicans held out for five hours until Free State artillery attacked.
Comdt. Gen. Deasy knew how important Bruree was to the defence of Kilmallock and drew up plans to recapture the town using armoured cars, trench mortars and
machine guns. On 2 August Republicans captured Patrickswellsouth of Limerick city. The armoured cars then attacked Bruree taking Free State forces by complete surprise. One car even attacked Comdt. Flood's headquarters at the Railway Hotel. Flood and his men escaped through the back of the hotel but surrendered after a second armoured car attacked. Twenty-five soldiers were captured.
Free State reinforcements came form Comdt. Gen. Hogan who personally led his forces riding in the armoured car nicknamed 'The Customs House'. Having failed to secure the surrender of the town Republican forces retreated. 'The Customs House' arrived in Bruree but was followed by a Republican armoured car 'The River Lee'. It fled and Hogan and his car followed it. At a bend in the road 'The Customs House' was led to two more Republican armoured cars. Perhaps then it was lucky for him that the Vickers machine gun in 'The Custom House' jammed and he was forced to break off the engagement.
Having held Bruree, Free State forces prepared once again to capture Kilmallock but knew there would be heavy fighting. Adjutant Con Moloney commented on 2 August, "Up to yesterday we have had the best of the operations there [the Kilmallock area] . There will, I fear, be a big change there now as the enemy have been reinforced very considerably." On Thursday, 3 August, Free State forces 2,000 strong backed up by armoured cars and artillery advanced on the town from Bruree, Dromin and Bulgaden. Seven hundred troops arrived the next day with an armoured car and a field gun. By Saturday the town was surrounded by Free State forces. The Dublin Guard were also on hand to prevent Republican forces from escaping. Three miles away Free State artillery was deployed and shelled Republican forces on Kilmallock Hill and Quarry Hill. The two hills were soon controlled by Free State forces. They then entered town but only found some Republican volunteers from Cork. Most Republican troops had departed for Charleville.
They had departed not because the Free State troops were much stronger but because more Free State troops had made seaborne landings in the so-called '
Munster Republic' on the coasts of County Kerryand County Corkon 2 and 8 of August respectively. The landing in Kerry forced Comdt. Gen. Deasy to release units from this area to return home. Although the landings in Cork occurred after the retreat from Kilmallock, the loss of Brigades from Cork added to Comdt. Gen. Deasy's problems.
Irish Free State offensive
* [http://www.generalmichaelcollins.com/pages/irishcivilwar.html Large article about Irish Civil War] Main source for article.
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=980CE7D91239EF3ABC4850DFB1668389639EDE NY Times article, July 30, 1922: 'Stubborn battle goes on around Kilmallock']
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9902EED81239EF3ABC4953DFBE668389639EDE NY Times article, August 1, 1922: FREE STATE TROOPS CAPTURE TIPPERARY; CLOSE IN ON KILMALLOCK, But Defenders Still Occupy dominating Heights]
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9F00EEDF1339EF3ABC4D53DFBE668389639EDE NY Times article, August 5 1922: 'Irish battle rages around Kilmallock']
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9803E4DE1339EF3ABC4E53DFBE668389639EDE NY times article, August 6 1922: 'Free State forces take Kilmallock]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Battle of Dublin — Part of the Irish Civil War Date 28 June–5 July 1922 Location Central Dublin (mostly) Result … Wikipedia
Kilmallock — Infobox Irish Place name = Kilmallock gaeilge = Cill Mocheallóg crest motto = map pin coords = left: 97px; top: 77px north coord = 52.41 west coord = 8.583333 irish grid = R607277 area = county = County Limerick town pop = 3,938 rural pop = 1,977 … Wikipedia
Battle of Dublin (1922) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Dublin partof=the Irish Civil War caption= date=June 28 – July 5, 1922 place=Central Dublin (mostly) casus= territory= result=Decisive Irish Free State victory combatant1=Anti Treaty Irish Republican… … Wikipedia
Irish Free State offensive — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Irish Free State National Army offensive partof=the Irish Civil War date=June 28 late August, 1922 place=Ireland casus= territory= result=Decisive National Army victory combatant1=Anti Treaty Irish Republican… … Wikipedia
Timeline of the Irish Civil War — This is a timeline of the Irish Civil War, which took place between June 1922 and May 1923. It followed the Irish War of Independence (1919–1921), and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State as an entity independent from the United… … Wikipedia
Chronology of the Irish Civil War — The Irish Civil War, was fought between June 1922 and May 1923. On one side was the National Army of the Irish Free State established by the Anglo Irish Treaty which ended the Irish War of Independence (1919 1921) with Britain. Opponents of the… … Wikipedia
Irish battles — This page aims to give a list of and links to pages of battles in Irish history.Pre Historic Era See: pre historic Irish battles .Early Medieval Battles*457 Ath Dara *464 First Battle of Dumha Aichir *468 Bri Ele *470 First Battle of Dumha Aichir … Wikipedia
List of battles 1901–2000 — List of battles: before 601 601 1400 1401 1800 1801 1900 1901 2000 2001 current 1901 1925*1901 Balangiga Massacre September 28 Filipino guerrillas launch a surprise attack on soldiers of the 9th U.S. Infantry and massacred nearly all of them.… … Wikipedia
Murrough O'Brien, 1st Earl of Inchiquin — Murrough McDermod O Brien, 1st Earl of Inchiquin and 6th Baron Inchiquin (1614–1674), was known as Murchadh na dTóiteán ( of the conflagrations ). … Wikipedia
James FitzMaurice FitzGerald — James Fitzmaurice Fitzgerald, a member of the 16th century ruling Geraldine dynasty in the province of Munster in Ireland, rebelled against the crown authority of Queen Elizabeth I of England in response to the onset of the Tudor re conquest of… … Wikipedia