Buff-breasted Flycatcher


Buff-breasted Flycatcher

Taxobox
name = Buff-breasted Flycatcher



status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
familia = Tyrannidae
genus = "Empidonax"
species = "E. fulvifrons"
binomial = "Empidonax fulvifrons"
binomial_authority = (Giraud, 1841)
The Buff-breasted Flycatcher, "Empidonax fulvifrons" is a small insect-eating bird. It is the smallest Empidonax flycatcher, with typical size ranging from 11.5-13 cm.

Adults have olive gray upperparts, and darker coloration on the wings and tail; they have a conspicuous white eye ring, white wing bars, a small bill and a short tail. The breast of this species is very distinctive, washed with a strong orange buff color.

Buff-breasted Flycatchers preferred breeding habitat is scrub and open woodlands. They usually make a cup nest on a fork in a tree. Females usually lay 2 eggs.

The Buff-breasted Flycatcher is found from southeasternmost Arizona in the United States through Mexico to southern Honduras.

These birds are partial migrants, retreating from northernmost breeding areas in the United States and northern Mexico for the winter.

They wait on an open perch of a shrub or low branch of a tree and fly out to catch insects in flight, also sometimes picking insects from foliage while hovering.

The song is an alternating versed "PIdew", "piDEW". The call is a loud dry "pit".

Subspecies

Various subspecies are recognized:
* "Empidonax fulvifrons pygmaeus" Coues, 1865 (Northern Buff-breasted Flycatcher or Fulvous Flycatcher)
* "Empidonax fulvifrons fulvifrons" (Giraud, 1841)
* "Empidonax fulvifrons rubicundus" Cabanis & Heine, 1859
* "Empidonax fulvifrons brodkorbi" Phillips, AR, 1966
* "Empidonax fulvifrons fusciceps" Nelson, 1904
* "Empidonax fulvifrons inexpectatus" Griscom, 1932

Names in other languages

* Spanish: Mosquerito canelo, Mosquero pechianteado, Mosquero Pecho Leonado, Mosqueta de Pecho Canela, Mosquerito canelo, Mosquero Pechicanelo
* French: Moucherolle à poitrine fauve
* German: Braunbrusttyrann, Braunbrust-Tyrann
* Dutch: Blonde Feetiran
* Italian: Pigliamosche pettocamoscio
* Finnish: Rusorintasieppari
* Czech: Tyranovec hnedocelý
* Polish: Empidonka płowa

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* [http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp?pg=summary&lang=EN&id=122DFAC7B2EB7E48&ts=1130883776766 AviBase]


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