Cryptography standards

Cryptography standards

There are a number of standards related to cryptography. Standard algorithms and protocols provide a focus for study; standards for popular applications attract a large amount of cryptanalysis.


Encryption standards

Hash standards

Digital signature standards

Public-key infrastructure (PKI) standards

  • X.509 Public Key Certificates

Wireless Standards

U.S. Government Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)

  • FIPS PUB 31 Guidelines for Automatic Data Processing Physical Security and Risk Management 1974
  • FIPS PUB 46-3 Data Encryption Standard (DES) 1999
  • FIPS PUB 73 Guidelines for Security of Computer Applications 1980
  • FIPS PUB 74 Guidelines for Implementing and Using the NBS Data Encryption Standard 1981
  • FIPS PUB 81 DES Modes of Operation 1980
  • FIPS PUB 102 Guideline for Computer Security Certification and Accreditation 1983
  • FIPS PUB 112 Password Usage 1985, defines 10 factors to be considered in access control systems that are based on passwords
  • FIPS PUB 113 Computer Data Authentication 1985, specifies a Data Authentication Algorithm (DAA) based on DES, adopted by the Department of Treasury and the banking community to protect electronic fund transfers.
  • FIPS PUB 140-2 Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules 2001, defines four increasing security levels
  • FIPS PUB 171 Key Management Using ANSI X9.17 (ANSI X9.17-1985) 1992, based on DES
  • FIPS PUB 180-2 Secure Hash Standard (SHS) 2002 defines the SHA family
  • FIPS PUB 181 Automated Password Generator (APG) 1993
  • FIPS PUB 185 Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES) 1994, a key escrow system that provides for decryption of telecommunications when lawfully authorized.
  • FIPS PUB 186-2 Digital Signature Standard (DSS) 2000
  • FIPS PUB 190 Guideline for the Use of Advanced Authentication Technology Alternatives 1994
  • FIPS PUB 191 Guideline for the Analysis of local area network Security 1994
  • FIPS PUB 196 Entity Authentication Using Public Key Cryptography 1997
  • FIPS PUB 197 Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) 2001
  • FIPS PUB 198 The Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) 2002

Internet Requests for Comments (RFCs)

Classified Standards

  • EKMS NSA's Electronic Key Management System
  • FNBDT NSA's secure narrow band voice standard
  • Fortezza encryption based on portable crypto token in PC Card format
  • STE secure telephone
  • STU-III older secure telephone
  • TEMPEST prevents compromising emanations


See also

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