- Günther von Kluge
Infobox Military Person
name= Günther "Hans" von Kluge
died=death date and age|1944|8|19|1882|10|30|df=y
Province of Posen, German Empire
caption= "Generalfeldmarshall Günther von Kluge"
German Empire(to 1918)
Weimar Republic(to 1933)
serviceyears= 1901 – 1944
German Fourth Army
Wehrmacht1930 - 1944
Reichswehr1916 - 1930
World War I
Battle of Verdun" World War II
German invasion of Poland Battle of France Operation Barbarossa Falaise Gap"
House Order of Hohenzollern
Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
portrayedby= Günther “Hans” von Kluge (
October 30, 1882– August 19, 1944) was a German military leader. He was born in Posen into a Prussian military family. Kluge rose to the rank of field marshalin the Wehrmacht.
World War Ihe was a staff officer and in 1916 was at the Battle of Verdun.
By 1936 he was a
lieutenant-generaland in 1937 took command of the Sixth Army Group, which became the German Fourth Armythat he led in Polandin 1939. Though he opposed the plan to attack westward, he led the Fourth Army in its attack through the Ardennesthat culminated in the fall of France. Promoted to field marshal in July 1940, he continued to command the Fourth Army in Operation Barbarossa, where he also developed a strained relationship with Heinz Guderianover tactical issues in the advance and accused him of frequent disobedience of Kluge’s orders.
Fedor von Bockwas relieved of his command of Army Group Centerin late 1941, Kluge was promoted and led that army group until he was injured in October 1943. Kluge frequently rode in an airplane to inspect the divisions under his command and sometimes relieved his boredom during the flights by hunting foxes from the air ["The History of the German Resistance, 1939–1945", p. 276] —a decidedly non-traditional method.
October 27 1943, Kluge was badly injured when his car overturned on the Minsk– Smolenskroad. He was unable to return to duty until July 1944. After his recovery he became commander of the German forces in the West ( Oberbefehlshaber West) as Gerd von Rundstedt’s replacement.
The head of the German military resistance,
Henning von Tresckow, served as his Chief of Staff of Army Group Center. Kluge was somewhat involved in the military resistance. He knew about Tresckow’s plan to shoot Hitler during a visit to Army Group Center, having been informed by his former subordinate, Georg von Boeselager, who was now serving under Tresckow. At the last moment, Kluge aborted Tresckow's plan. Boeselager later speculated that because Himmler had decided not to accompany Hitler. Kluge feared that without eliminating Himmler too, it could lead to a civil war between the SS and the Wehrmacht. ["Die Wehrmacht: Eine Bilanz", p. 226.]
When Stauffenberg attempted to assassinate Hitler as part of the
July 20 plot, Kluge was serving as Oberbefehlshaber West in his headquarters in La Roche-Guyon. The commander of the occupation troops of France, General Karl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel, and his colleague Oberst Cäsar von Hofacker— a cousin of Stauffenberg — came to visit Kluge. Stülpnagel had just ordered the arrest of the SS units in Paris. Kluge had already learned that Hitler had survived the assassination attempt and refused to provide any support. "Ja — wenn das Schwein tot wäre!", "Well — If the pig were dead!", he said. ["Die Wehrmacht: Eine Bilanz", p. 251.] He was recalled to Berlinfor a meeting with Hitler after Stauffenberg’s failed coup; thinking that Hitler would punish him as a conspirator, he committed suicideby taking cyanidenear the First World War battlefield at Verdun. He left Hitler a letter in which he advised Hitler to make peace and “put an end to a hopeless struggle when necessary...” Hitler reportedly handed the letter to Alfred Jodland commented that “There are strong reasons to suspect that had not Kluge committed suicide he would have been arrested anyway.” ["Rise and Fall of the Third Reich", pp. 1076–77]
Günther von Kluge’s nickname among the troops and his fellow officers was "der kluge Hans"—“Clever Hans.” "Hans" was not part of his given name, but a nickname acquired early in his career in admiration of his cleverness ("klug" is German for "clever") and is derived from a curious reference to a celebrated horse
Clever Hansreputed to have been able to do arithmetic and remember calendar dates.Fact|date=May 2007
Iron Cross(1914) 2nd and 1st class
House Order of HohenzollernKnight's Cross with Swords
* Bavarian Military Merit Order 4th class with Swords
* Mecklenburg-Schwerin Military Merit Cross 2nd class
* "Verdienstmedaille für Rettung aus Gefahr"
Order of the Iron Crown3rd class with War Decoration
* Austrian Military Merit Cross 3rd class with War Decoration
Wound Badge(1918) in Black
Cross of Honor
* "Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 13. März 1938"
* "Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938"
* Clasp to the Iron Cross (1939) 2nd and 1st class
Eastern Front Medal
* Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
** Knight's Cross (
30 September 1939)
** Oak Leaves (
18 January 1943)
** Swords (
29 October 1943)
* Mentioned four times in the
Wehrmachtbericht( 7 August 1941, 18 October 1941, 19 October 1941, 3 September 1943)
* Berger, Florian, "Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges". Selbstverlag Florian Berger, 2006. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
* Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer. "Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945". Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas, 2000. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
* Hoffman, Peter, (tr. Richard Barry) "The History of the German Resistance, 1939–1945", Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1977. ISBN 0773515313
* Shirer, William L. "
The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich", New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990. ISBN 0671728687
* Knopp, Guido "Die Wehrmacht: Eine Bilanz", C. Bertelsmann Verlag, München, 2007. ISBN 978-3-570-00975-8
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Look at other dictionaries:
Günther von Kluge — um 1939/40 Günther Adolf Ferdinand von Kluge (* 30. Oktober 1882 in Posen; † 19. August 1944 bei Metz; auch bekannt als Hans Günther von Kluge) war ein deutscher Heeresoffizier (seit 1940 Ge … Deutsch Wikipedia
Günther von Kluge — (apodado Kluger Hans ) (30 de octubre de 1882 19 de agosto de 1944), fue un líder militar alemán … Enciclopedia Universal
Gunther von Kluge — Hans Günther von Kluge Ne doit pas être confondu avec Hans Günther. Hans Günther von Kluge … Wikipédia en Français
Günther von Kluge — Hans Günther von Kluge Ne doit pas être confondu avec Hans Günther. Hans Günther von Kluge … Wikipédia en Français
Günther von Kluge — Hans Günther von Kluge Günther von Kluge Mariscal de Campo … Wikipedia Español
Hans Günther von Kluge — Günther von Kluge um 1939/40 Günther von Kluge (* 30. Oktober 1882 in Posen; † 19. August 1944 bei einer Autofahrt nach Berlin bei Metz, auch bekannt als Hans Günther von Kluge) war ein deutscher Heeresoffizier (seit 1940 Generalfeldmarschall)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hans Günther von Kluge — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kluge. Ne doit pas être confondu avec Hans Günther. Hans Günther von Kluge … Wikipédia en Français
Hans Gunther von Kluge — Hans Günther von Kluge Ne doit pas être confondu avec Hans Günther. Hans Günther von Kluge … Wikipédia en Français
Hans Günther Von Kluge — Ne doit pas être confondu avec Hans Günther. Hans Günther von Kluge … Wikipédia en Français
Hans günther von kluge — Ne doit pas être confondu avec Hans Günther. Hans Günther von Kluge … Wikipédia en Français