- Jim Clyburn
name = Jim Clyburn
imagesize = 200px
order = 26th Majority Whip of the United States House of Representatives
January 4, 2007
order2 = Member of the
U.S. House of Representativesfrom South Carolina's 6th District
January 3, 1993
birth_date = birth date and age|1940|07|21
Sumter, South Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina
South Carolina State University
party = Democrat
spouse = Emily England
profession = political assistant
African Methodist Episcopal
James Enos "Jim" Clyburn (born
July 21, 1940) is an American politician and a member of the United States House of Representativesfor the 6th congressional district of South Carolina( [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/preview/congdist/sc06_109.gifmap] ). A Democrat, he represents South Carolina's only majority-black district, which includes Florence, Sumter and large portions of Columbia and Charleston.
He is the
House Majority Whipin the 110th Congress, and is the third-ranking Democrat in the House behind House Speaker Nancy Pelosiand Majority Leader Steny Hoyer. He is the second African American (behind Bill Gray of Pennsylvania) and the first South Carolinian to hold the position. In the 2008 Presidential Election, he has endorsed Barack Obama.
Clyburn was born in Sumter, the son of Enos Lloyd Clyburn, a
fundamentalistminister, and his wife Almeta, a ginatoligists. Republican South Carolina Congressman George W. Murraywas a distant relative of his. He attended South Carolina State College (now South Carolina State University) in Orangeburg where he was initiated into Omega Psi PhiFraternity and graduated with a bachelor's degree in history. He worked as a teacher at C.A. Brown High Schoolin Charleston. After an unsuccessful run for the South Carolina General Assembly, he moved to Columbia to join the staff of Governor John C. Westin 1971. In this position he became the first minority advisor to a South Carolina Governor. He was appointed the state's human affairs commissioner by Governor West in 1974, when he stepped down to run for Congress.
Following a Supreme Court mandate, the Florence-based 6th district was redrawn as a black-majority district. Five-term incumbent
Robin Tallonopted to retire, and five black candidates ran for the Democratic nomination for the seat--the real contest in this overwhelmingly Democratic district. Clyburn secured 55% of the vote in the primary, eliminating the need for an expected run-off. As expected, he breezed to victory in November. He has been reelected seven times, never facing a serious or well-funded challenger. From 1998 to 2006, his opponent was Gary McLeod, a strongly conservative Republican from Clarendon County. For 2008, Clyburn faces Republican candidate Nancy Harrelson of Marion, SC[http://votesmart.org/bio.php?can_id=105077] .
During the 2004 Democratic presidential primaries, Clyburn supported
Dick Gephardtuntil he dropped out of the race and afterwards supported John Kerry. Clyburn is generally considered to be the most important African-Americanpolitical leader in his home state.
Clyburn was elected as vice-chairman of the House Democratic Caucus in 2003, the third-ranking post in the caucus. He became chairman in early 2006 after caucus chairman
Bob Menendezwas appointed to the Senate.
Clyburn was interviewed by
National Public Radio's "Morning Edition" on January 12, 2007, and acknowledged the difficulty of counting votes and rallying the fractious Democratic caucus, now that his party holds the majority in the House. Clyburn has traveled all throughout the state of South Carolina honoring people who have made significant contributions to various causes.
He was one of the 31 who voted in the House to not count the
electoral votes from Ohioin the United States presidential election, 2004. [http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2005/roll007.xml]
Comments on the Iraq War
On July 31, 2007, Clyburn said in a broadcast interview that it would be a "real big problem" for the Democratic party if General Petraeus issued a positive report in September, as it would split the Democratic caucus on whether to continue to fund the Iraq War. While this soundbite caused some controversy, the full quote was, in reference to 47 member Blue Dog caucus, "I think there would be enough support in that group to want to stay the course and if the Republicans were to stay united as they have been, then it would be a problem for us." [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/07/30/AR2007073001380.html]
Comments on the Presidential Election
April 25th (from CNN - http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/ ) "There are African Americans who have reached the decision that the Clintons know that she can't win this," he told Reuters. "But they're hell-bound to make it impossible for Obama to win."
Speaking with the New York Times, Clyburn said such actions could lead to a longtime division between the former president and his once most reliable constituency.
"When he was going through his impeachment problems, it was the black community that bellied up to the bar," Clyburn said. "I think black folks feel strongly that this is a strange way for President Clinton to show his appreciation."
On June 3rd Jim Clyburn endorsed Barack Obama for the Nomination of the Democratic Party.
* [http://clyburn.house.gov/ U.S. Congressman James E. Clyburn] official House site
* [http://democraticwhip.house.gov/ House Majority Whip James E. Clyburn] official leadership site
* [http://www.clyburnforcongress.com/ Jim Clyburn for U.S. Congress] official campaign site
* [http://herndon1.sdrdc.com/cgi-bin/can_detail/H6NY19029 Federal Election Commission - Jim Clyburn] campaign finance reports and data
* [http://www.ontheissues.org/House/James_Clyburn.htm On the Issues - James Clyburn] issue positions and quotes
* [http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.asp?CID=N00000964 OpenSecrets.org - Jim Clyburn] campaign contributions
* [http://www.vote-smart.org/bio.php?can_id=H3673103 Project Vote Smart - Representative James E. 'Jim' Clyburn (SC)] profile
* [http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Jim_Clyburn SourceWatch Congresspedia - Jim Clyburn] profile
* [http://projects.washingtonpost.com/congress/members/c000537/ Washington Post - Congress Votes Database: Jim Clyburn] voting record
* [http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/070225/5clyburn.htm Hidden Power on the Hill] Silla Brush, "U.S. News & World Report", February 25, 2007
* [http://votimus.com/user/Candidate_nonmember.aspx?UID=449&UT=3 Biography and issue positions] at Votimus.com
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