Steve Russell


Steve Russell

Infobox_Scientist
name = Stephen Russell



image_width =
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birth_date = 1937
birth_place =
death_date =
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field = computer science
work_institution =
alma_mater = Dartmouth College
known_for = Spacewar!
spouse =

Steve "Slug" Russell is a programmer and computer scientist most famous for creating Spacewar!, one of the earliest videogames, in 1961 with the fellow members of the Tech Model Railroad Club at MIT working on a DEC Digital PDP-1. While there is some debate over priority regarding the concept of computer-based games in general, Spacewar! was unquestionably the first to gain widespread recognition, and is generally recognized as the first of the "shoot-'em' up" genre.

Steve Russell wrote the first two implementations of Lisp for the IBM 704. It was Russell who realized that the concept of universal functions could be applied to the language; by implementing the Lisp universal evaluator in a lower-level language, it became possible to create the Lisp interpreter (previous development work on the language had focused on compiling the language). He invented the continuation to solve a double recursion problem for one of the users of his Lisp implementation.

Steve Russell was educated at Dartmouth College from 1954 to 1958.

Steve Russell was never an employee of Atari, though he did work for a later company founded by Nolan Bushnell.

Steve has stated that it is unclear how his nickname "Slug" came about.

External links

* [http://www.thedoteaters.com/stage1.php The Dot Eaters entry] on Russell and the development of Spacewar
* [http://spacewar.oversigma.com/ Java emulation of PDP-1 running Spacewar]

See also

*First Video Game


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