name = Tagus
native_name =
other_name = Tajo
other_name1 = Tejo

image_size =
image_caption = View over the Tagus River from Almourol Castle in Portugal
country = Spain
country1 = Portugal
state =
state1 =
region =
region1 =
district =
district1 =
city =
city1 =
length = 1038
watershed = 80100
discharge_location =
discharge_average = 500
discharge_max =
discharge_min =
discharge1_location =
discharge1_average =
source_name = Fuente de García
source_location = Albarracín Mountains
source_district =
source_region =

map_size = 150px
map_caption = Path of the Tagus through the Iberian Peninsula
website = [http://www.chtajo.es/ Confederación Hidrográfica del Tajo]
commons = Tagus
footnotes =

The Tagus (Latin "Tagus", Spanish "Tajo", Portuguese "Tejo", pron. IPA2|'tɛʒʊ, Ancient greek "Tàghos", "Ταγος") is the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula. It measures 1,038 kilometers in length, 716 km of which are in Spain, 47 km as border between Portugal and Spain and the remaining 275 km in Portugal, where it empties into the Atlantic at Lisbon. It drains an area of 80,100 km² (the second largest in the Iberian peninsula after the Douro). It follows a very constricted course for much of its length, but after Almourol it enters a vast alluvial valley prone to flooding. Today the Alcantara Dam regulates much of the river's flow.

The source of the Tagus is the Fuente de García, in the Albarracín mountains. All its major tributaries enter the Tagus from the right (north) bank. The main cities it passes through are Aranjuez, Toledo and Talavera de la Reina in Spain, and Abrantes, Santarém, Almada and Lisbon in Portugal.

Course of the Tagus

The first notable town on the Tagus is Sacedón. Below Aranjuez it receives the combined flow of the Henares and the Tajuña. Below Toledo it receives the Gundarram. Above Talavera de la Reina it receives the Alberche. At Valdeverdeja is the upper end of the long upper reservoir, the "Embalse de Valdecañas", beyond which is the lower reservoir, the "Embalse de Alcántara" behind the dam, into which flow the Tiétar at the upper end and the Alagón at the lower end.

After the stretch where the Tagus forms the border, it enters Portugal, passing by Vila Velha de Ródão, Abrantes, Constância, Entroncamento, Santarém and Vila Franca de Xira at the head of the long narrow estuary, which has Lisbon at its mouth. There is the largest bridge across the river, the Vasco da Gama Bridge (in Lisbon) with a total length of 17.2 km. It is also the longest bridge in Europe. The Pepper Wreck is the name of a shipwreck located and excavated at the mouth of the Tagus River between 1996 and 2001.

The Portuguese regions of Alentejo and Ribatejo take their names from the river. Alentejo, from "Além-Tejo" ("beyond the Tagus"), and Ribatejo, from "Arriba-Tejo" (on the banks of the Tagus). There is a canal and aqueduct between the Tagus and the river.


A popular fado song in Lisbon notes that while people get older, the Tagus remains young ("My hair getting white, the Tagus is always young").


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tagus — (a. Geogr.), Fluß in Spanien, entsprang im Lande der Celtiberi, war reich an Austern u. Fischen u. führte Goldsand, war bei seiner Mündung bei 20 Stadien breit u. für die größten Schiffe befahrbar; j. Tajo. Am T. besiegte Hannibal 249 v. Chr. die …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tagus — Tagus, antiker Name des Tajo (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tagus — Tagus, lat. Name des Flusses Tajo (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tagus — [tā′gəs] river flowing west across central Spain & Portugal into the Atlantic through a broad estuary: c. 600 mi (966 km): Sp. name TAJO; Port. name TEJO …   English World dictionary

  • TAGUS — I. TAGUS fluvius Hispaniae celeberrimus, vulgo Taio. Oritur ex monte Orospeda in Celtiberis geminô fonte, ac per Toletum, Liboram, Norbam Caesaream, Scalabim et Ulyssipponem longô decurrens tractu, in Oceanum occiduum sese (latus in ore 2. leuc.) …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Tagus — noun a European river; flows into the North Atlantic • Syn: ↑Tagus River • Instance Hypernyms: ↑river • Part Holonyms: ↑Spain, ↑Kingdom of Spain, ↑Espana, ↑Portugal, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tagus — or Spanish Tajo or Portuguese Tejo geographical name river 626 miles (1007 kilometers) Spain & Portugal flowing W into the Atlantic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tagus — Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/DGWK fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/ABFLUSS fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt Tajo Der Tajo durch Toledo, Spanien Daten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tagus — /tay geuhs/, n. a river in SW Europe, flowing W through central Spain and Portugal to the Atlantic at Lisbon. 566 mi. (910 km) long. Spanish, Tajo. Portuguese, Tejo. * * * …   Universalium

  • Tagus — noun A river in Iberia …   Wiktionary

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