Chest of viols

Chest of viols

Chest of viols is a term which was used primarily in the 16th and 17th centuries in England for either a consort of viols, or the specialized cabinet made to contain a small consort of viols, usually containing two treble, two tenor, and two bass viols, or alternately two treble, three tenor, and one bass viol.

When the term refers to instruments, they are generally similar in make, tone, power, relative size, wood type, and color. In terms of size, the bass viol's string length should be exactly twice that of the treble viol's.[1] The similarity required of the viols in a chest of viols usually meant that they were made by the same maker, and sometimes were ordered in sets. Similar viols were desirable because they would blend better, and also stay in tune with each other better than more disparate instruments.

One enclosure is described by Thomas Tudway in Hawkins's General History as "a large hutch, with several apartments and partitions in it; each partition was lined with green bays, to keep the instruments from being injured by the weather."[2] These cases were sometimes expanded to house an expanding collection of instruments. As mentioned in the above quote, the purpose of the chest was not only to house the instruments, but also to protect them from changes in temperature and humidity, which can damage instruments.

Many wealthy English families owned a chest of viols, which speaks to the popularity of consort music for viol in home music-making, as a private entertainment.[3] In 1617 Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork bought a chest of viols for £8 sterling.[4] £8 sterling in 1600 would be worth about US$1550 in 2010.[5] A similar grouping can be found in chests of lutes.

References

  • Howard Meyer Brown and Ian Woodfield. "Chest of viols", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed November 4, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  • Ian Woodfield. "Viol 1:Structure", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed November 4, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  • Christina Bashford. "Chamber music, §3: 17th and 18th centuries (i) 1600–1740.", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed November 4, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access).
  • Fletcher, Alan J. Drama, Performance, and Polity in Pre-Cromwellian Ireland. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 2000. ISBN 0-8020-4377-1
  • Eliasen, Alan. "Frink" (accessed June 15, 2010). [1]

Notes

  1. ^ Brown, Woodfield
  2. ^ Quoted in Brown
  3. ^ Bashford
  4. ^ Fletcher
  5. ^ Eliasen

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См. также в других словарях:

  • chest of viols — a set of matching viols of different sizes (as treble, tenor, gamba) * * * Music. a set of several viols, usually played together as an ensemble. * * * chest of viols (archaic) A set of viols (usu two trebles, two tenors, two basses) for ensemble …   Useful english dictionary

  • chest of viols — Music. a set of several viols, usually played together as an ensemble. * * * …   Universalium

  • chest of viols — noun Music a set of viols, for playing in consort …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Viol — Not to be confused with Viola. Viol String instrument Other names Viola da gamba Hornbostel–Sachs classification 321.322 71 (Composite chordophone sounded by a bow) Developed Late 15th century from the vihuela …   Wikipedia

  • Dessus de viole — Viola da gamba engl.: Viol, ital.: Viola da gamba, frz.: Viole de gambe Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diskantgambe — Viola da gamba engl.: Viol, ital.: Viola da gamba, frz.: Viole de gambe Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Division viol — Viola da gamba engl.: Viol, ital.: Viola da gamba, frz.: Viole de gambe Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gambe — Viola da gamba engl.: Viol, ital.: Viola da gamba, frz.: Viole de gambe Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gamben — Viola da gamba engl.: Viol, ital.: Viola da gamba, frz.: Viole de gambe Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gambist — Viola da gamba engl.: Viol, ital.: Viola da gamba, frz.: Viole de gambe Klassifikation …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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