The Body (novella)


The Body (novella)

Infobox short story |
name = The Body
author = Stephen King
country = United States
language = English
genre = Novella
published_in = "Different Seasons"
publication_type = Anthology
publisher = Viking Press
media_type = Print (Paperback)
pub_date = 1982
preceded_by =
followed_by =

"The Body" is a novella by Stephen King, originally published in the 1982 collection "Different Seasons". It is subtitled "Fall from Innocence".

It was adapted into the acclaimed film "Stand By Me" in 1986. Directed by Rob Reiner, it stars River Phoenix as Chris,Wil Wheaton as Gordon,Corey Feldman as Teddy, and Jerry O'Connell as Vern.

Plot introduction

The story takes place during the summer of 1960 in the fictional town of Castle Rock, Maine. A kid named Ray Brower had gone out to pick berries and never returned, having been thought to have been hit by a train. Gordon Lachance and his three friends, Chris Chambers, Teddy Duchamp, and Vern Tessio set out to find his body when their parents are told they are camping out.

In comparison to King's prior works, the narrative of "The Body" is complicated in that it is told in first person point of view by the now thirty-something novelist Gordon Lachance. Most of the story is a straight retrospective of what happened, but comments, or entire chapters that relate to the present time, are interspaced throughout.

Although he is only twelve at the time of the story, Gordon's favorite diversion is writing and storytelling. Three times during the narrative, he tells stories to his friends, and two stories are presented in the text as short stories by Gordon Lachance, complete with attribution to the magazines they were published in.

As much as the story itself is basically a coming of age tale of Gordon and his pals and their mostly comical adventures in the woods, there is a bittersweet, poignant quality running throughout it. This is especially the case whenever Gordon, the narrator, begins waxing nostalgic whether describing the bygone sights and sounds of the town he grew up in or when delving into some of the more painful and bitter aspects about his own and his pals' dysfunctional home lives. In the end, the story becomes more of a chronicle describing the moment when Gordon and his pals leave their childhood behind and a foreshadowing as to the tragic fates that would befall all but him.

Plot summary

Main narratives

Vern Tessio informs his three friends that he has overheard his older brother Billy talking with a friend about the location of the corpse of Ray Brower, a boy from Chamberlain, a town forty miles or so east of Castle Rock who has gone missing. Billy and his friend mentioned a place called Back Harlow Road, so the four friends decide that they will find it.

The boys walk along the railroad tracks toward the presumed location of the corpse. Along the way, they are chased by a junkyard dog and Gordon and Vern are nearly run over by a train while crossing a bridge. While at a resting point, Chris states that Gordie will grow up to become a famous writer - perhaps he'll even write about his friends some day.

When they finally find the spot where the body lies, Vern's older brother, Chris's older brother and a number of their teenage bully friends arrive just after they do. The older boys are upset to see the four friends, and during an argument, Chris pulls his father's gun that he has taken from his home and fires in front of one of them and then threatens Ace Merrill, the leader of the gang. After a brief standoff Ace realizes that Chris is serious, and the teenagers leave after promising to get the boys later. The older boys ultimately decide to phone in the location of the body as an "anonymous tip" and it is eventually found by the authorities as a result. After they arrive home, Ace and another thug break Gordon's nose and fingers and kick him in the testicles, and are on the verge of harming him more seriously when they are run off by Gordon's neighbor, Aunt Evvie Chalmers. Chris's brother breaks Chris's arm and "leaves his face looking like a Canadian sunrise." Teddy and Vern get less severe beatings. The boys refuse to identify their assailants to the authorities, which earns them the respect of their peers, and there are no further repercussions.

Following the end of the 1960 part of the story, the narration goes into fast-forward. It describes the next year or so briefly, stating that Teddy and Vern drift off, befriending some younger boys. In high school, just as Chris predicted, Gordon begins taking college-preparation courses. Unexpectedly, so does Chris. In spite of abuse from his father, taunts from his classmates and distrust from teachers and counselors, he manages to be successful with help from Gordon.

The ultimate chapter describes the fates of Gordon's three friends; none of them survive past young adulthood. Vern is killed in a house fire after a party. Teddy, while under the influence of alcohol and drugs, crashes his car and kills himself with a number of others. Chris, who became an outstanding high school and college student and who is preparing to attend law school, is stabbed to death after trying to stop a fight in a restaurant. Gordon is the only one who survives. He continues to write stories through college, and publishes a number of them in small literary journals and men's magazines. He has the great luck of having his first novel become a smash hit, and a successful film as well. At the time of writing about the events in 1960, he has written seven novels about the supernatural, and he has a wife and three children.

Stories told by "Gordon Lachance"

"Stud City" was originally "published" in "Greenspun Quarterly" 45 in the fall of 1970. It has also been published as a separate short story by King in "Ubris" (University of Maine's literary journal), Fall, 1969.

"The Revenge of Lard Ass Hogan" was "published" in "Cavalier" magazine in March 1975.

Differences between the novella and the film

Film

* In the film, Castle Rock is located in Oregon.
* The only one of the friends that dies is Chris Chambers. In the novella, all of Gordie's friends die.
* The store owner is a kind and sympathetic man who is curious about Gordie’s personal life, and who empathizes with Gordie over Denny’s demise, as he himself lost a brother during the Korean War. However, it can be noticed that the grocer attempts to put his thumb on the scale, until learning of Gordie's relation to Denny. The incident serves as a further example of Gordie's world, caught between untrustworthy adults and reliance on the memory of his brother Denny.
* Ace Merrill and his goons never beat up the friends.

Novella

* The kids get attacked by leeches when they jump into an artificial lake created by beavers to go for a swim. However, in the film the kids are attacked by the leeches when they have to cross through a large marsh while going through the woods.
* The town is in Maine. In the movie it takes place in Oregon.
* Gordie's big brother, Denny, is an excellent baseball player, while in the film he is a football star.
* Gordie is not close to his brother and at night fears that his brother's corpse may jump out of the closet, while in the movie he is very close to his brother.
* The store owner is portrayed as a grumpy person who tried to cheat Gordie of his money twice and yelled angrily at him as he left the shop.
* At the end of the story, Ace and his friend severely injure them, especially Chris and Gordie.

Connections to other novels

* There are parallels between Stephen King and the character Gordon. At the time of writing, they are the same age, profession and social class and were born, raised and live in Maine. Both men have written successful books that were turned into successful movies. Gordon also mentions teaching high school English at the beginning of his career as a writer, another parallel with King. The only notable differences are that Gordon served in the military (there is a brief reference to his serving in the Vietnam War — King was not drafted) and Gordon's complex relationship with his emotionally absent father. King's father left the family when he was a very young child. In childhood, King also had a friend who died when hit by a train. [ [http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20036014,00.html Stephen King on Virginia Tech | Violence in the Media | Essays | News + Notes | Entertainment Weekly ] ]
* Chris Chambers mentions the Maine town Jerusalem's Lot when asserting that "lots of real towns sound stupid." Jerusalem's Lot is the fictional setting for King's vampire novel "'Salem's Lot" and short stories "Jerusalem's Lot" and "One for the Road".
*There is a passing reference to Derry, Maine, the fictional town famously inhabited by the creature "It".
* Teddy Duchamp is mentioned briefly in King's novel "Carrie", despite being published eight years before "The Body." Carrie sabotages the pumps at an Amoco gas station once operated by Teddy, leading to a devastating explosion. Minor character Thomas Quillan testifies that "Teddy Duchamp's been dead since 1968, God love him but his boy locked those pumps up every night just like Teddy himself used to do." Inconsistencies regarding Teddy Duchamp in the two stories can be explained by King's Dark Tower series, which establishes that most of his works take place in alternate universes where characters with the same name can play different parts.
* Ace Merrill is featured in King's novel "Needful Things", as a 40+ career criminal, and is killed. He also makes a brief cameo in the short story "Nona", in a flashback, along with Vern Tessio.
* "Constable Bannerman" is mentioned a couple of times. This is the same Bannerman who would later be Sheriff of Castle Rock. He is featured in "The Dead Zone" and later in "Cujo."
* Cujo is mentioned when the narrator describes Chopper, the dog from the junkyard that chases Gordie: "Chopper was--at least until Joe Camber's dog Cujo went rabid twenty years later--the most feared and least seen dog in Castle Rock."
* Shawshank Penitentiary from "Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption" is mentioned in this novella when Teddy says that they "won't get sent to The Shank" for treaspassing in the junkyard.

Popular culture references

* A character on the TV show "24," is named Milo Pressman, the same as the dump-keeper who owned Chopper. Series star Kiefer Sutherland portrayed Ace Merrill in "Stand By Me," the film adaptation of the novella. It is unclear if this is an intentional nod to the novella and film.
*Scottish band "The Twilight Sad" wrote a song based around the short story, "That Summer, at Home I Had Become the Invisible Boy", it was featured on their debut album.

References

Footnotes

Notations

* [http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,20036014,00.html]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Scapegoat (novella) — Infobox short story | name = The Scapegoat title orig = translator = author = C. J. Cherryh country = flag|USA language = English series = genre = Science fiction, Novella published in = Alien Stars publisher = Baen Books media type = Print… …   Wikipedia

  • The Body — can refer to multiple topics:* The Body , a short story by Camillo Boito * The Body (novella), a short story written by Stephen King * The Body (novel), a novel by Richard Sapir * The Body (film), a film starring Antonio Banderas, based on the… …   Wikipedia

  • The Body Artist — infobox Book | name = The Body Artist title orig = translator = author = Don DeLillo cover artist = country = United States language = English series = genre = Novella publisher = Scribner release date = 6 Feb 2001 media type = Print (Hardback… …   Wikipedia

  • Out-of-the-Body Experience — Die Seele verlässt den Körper (Illustration 1808) Außerkörperliche Erfahrung (AKE), englisch Out of Body Experience (OBE, bzw. OOBE), ist ein Erlebnis, bei dem der Betroffene die Empfindung hat, sich außerhalb des eigenen Körpers zu befinden und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The Culture — is a fictional interstellar anarchist, socialist, and utopian[1][2] society created by the Scottish writer Iain M. Banks which features in a number of science fiction novels and works of short fiction by him, collectively called the Culture… …   Wikipedia

  • The Golden Ass —   Title page from John Price s Latin edition of Apuleius novel Metamorphoses, or the Golden Ass …   Wikipedia

  • The Institutes for the Achievement of Human Potential — is a non profit organization providing teaching programs and literature which it promotes as improving the health and neurological development of normal children and of children who have sustained a brain injury. Although the institute s programs …   Wikipedia

  • The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant, the Unbeliever — is a trilogy of fantasy novels by Stephen R. Donaldson. It was followed by The Second Chronicles of Thomas Covenant , also a trilogy, and The Last Chronicles of Thomas Covenant , a planned tetralogy.The main character is Thomas Covenant, a… …   Wikipedia

  • The Primal Solution — is a novella written by Eric Norden and published July 1977 in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction Vol. 53 No 1. [ [http://www.catch22.com/SF/ARB/SFN/Norden,Eric.php3 Alpha Ralpha Boulevard: Eric Norden ] ] PlotAn elderly Jewish scientist …   Wikipedia

  • The Third Man — This article is about the film. For other uses, see The Third Man (disambiguation). The Third Man cinema release poster Directed by Carol Reed …   Wikipedia