List of cities in the United Kingdom


List of cities in the United Kingdom

This is a list of cities in the United Kingdom, as of 2008. Cities which have held such status since time immemorial are indicated with "TI" in the column headed "Year granted city status". The column headed "(Diocesan) cathedral" shows the applicable diocesan cathedrals that were the grounds for the granting of city status, i.e. cathedrals of the Church of England or the formerly established Church in Wales, or pre-Reformation cathedrals in the Church of Scotland, in the case of cities recognised prior to 1888. Certain cities also have Roman Catholic cathedrals, but these are not listed. As from 1888, the presence of a cathedral ceased to be a relevant factor in granting city status and all entries after this date are, therefore, marked "not applicable". Cities which have acquired cathedrals since 1888 are Birmingham, Bradford, Derby, Leicester, Newport, Portsmouth and Sheffield, while Llandaff Cathedral was included within the boundaries of the city of Cardiff in 1922. In Ireland, possession of a diocesan cathedral has never (except in the anomalous case of Armagh) been sufficient to attain city status.

fnb|(1)City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 1 April 1974.LondonGazette|issue=46255|startpage=4400|date=4 April 1974|accessdate=2008-04-18]

fnb|(2)City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 25 June 1974.LondonGazette|issue=46303|startpage=6485|endpage=6486|date=28 June 1974|accessdate=2008-04-18]

fnb|(3)City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 28 May 1974.LondonGazette|issue=46334|startpage=7419|date=31 May 1974|accessdate=2008-04-18]

fnb|(4)Bath Abbey and Westminster Abbey are no longer cathedrals.

fnb|(5)Coventry has had three cathedrals: the first, St Mary's, from 1043 to 1539; the second, St Michael's, from 1918 to 1940, when it was destroyed by German bombardment; and its replacement, also St Michael's, built alongside the old cathedral, consecrated in 1962.

fnb|(6)Note that the City of London covers only the "square mile", and is usually just referred to as "the City". The larger conurbation of Greater London has no city charter, and consists of the City of London, the City of Westminster and 31 other London boroughs. This can be compared to the City of Brussels, within Brussels.

fnb|(7)City status was confirmed by Letters Patent dated 9 July 1974. [LondonGazette|issue=46352|startpage=7920|date=24 September 1974|accessdate=2008-04-18] The city status extends to the entire district, although the district council calls itself "St Albans District Council" or "St Albans City and District".

fnb|(8)Letters Patent under the Great Seal conferring City Status were issued to the unitary authority of York on 1 April 1996, confirming the right of the Lord Mayor to be styled "Right Honourable", in continuation to those granted to the previous City Council abolished 31 March 1996.LondonGazette|issue=54363|startpage=4925|date=4 April 1996|accessdate=2008-04-18]

fnb|(9)Letters Patent under the Great Seal were issued on 29 March 1996 ordaining that the counties of Swansea and Cardiff should have the status of cities from 1 April 1996. The counties replaced the previous district councils which had enjoyed city status.

fnb|(10)According to the "Municipal Year Book, 1972" the royal burghs of Perth and Elgin officially enjoyed city status. The royal burghs of Brechin, Dunfermline and Kirkwall had also been officially described as "cities". As all burghs were abolished in 1975, these areas are now often called "former cities". Although Brechin does not have city status, the community council formed for the area uses the title "City of Brechin and District".

fnb|(11)Armagh had previously enjoyed city status, with St Patrick's Cathedral the site of the metropolitan primate of all Ireland. The city status was lost in 1840 when the city corporation was abolished. However, the successor urban district council and district council frequently used the title of city without official sanction prior to 1994.

fnb|(12)City Status confirmed by Letters Patent issued under the Great Seal dated 18 March 1975.LondonGazette|issue=46522|startpage=3729|date=20 March 1975|accessdate=2008-04-18]

fnb|(13)City status granted by Letters Patent dated 7 June 1977. [LondonGazette|issue=47246|startpage=7656|date=14 June 1977|accessdate=2008-04-18]

fnb|(14)City status granted to the "Town of Newport in the County Borough of Newport" and the "Town of Preston" by Letters Patent dated 15 May 2002. [LondonGazette|issue=56573|notarchive=yes|startpage=6160|date=21 May 2002|accessdate=2008-04-21]

fnb|(15)Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Towns of Brighton and Hove shall have the status of a City".LondonGazette|issue=56109|notarchive=yes|startpage=1431|date=2 May 2001|accessdate=2008-04-21]

fnb|(16)Letters Patent dated 31 January 2001 ordained that "the Town of Wolverhampton shall have the status of a City".

fnb|(17)Letters Patent dated 4 November 1980 ordained that the "Town of Lichfield shall have the status of a City". A town council had been constituted in 1980 leading to the dissolution of the Charter Trustees of the City of Lichfield. [LondonGazette|issue=48364|startpage=15451|date=7 November 1980|accessdate=2008-04-21] [ [http://www.lichfield.gov.uk/cc-background.ihtml Lichfield City Council website] ]

fnb|(18)City status granted by Letters Patent dated 23 March 1992. [LondonGazette|issue=52874|startpage=5413|date=26 March 1992|accessdate=2008-04-21]

fnb|(19)City status was conferred on Hereford Town Council 11 October 2000. [ [http://www.hereford.gov.uk/html/charters.htm#Liz2 Charters of Hereford City Council] ] The status had previously been confirmed to the district council formed in 1974. When that council was abolished in 1996 charter trustees were formed for the City of Hereford. On the formation of a town council for Hereford in April 2000 the charter trustees were dissolved, and the city status temporarily lapsed.

fnb|(20)St David's historically had city status because of the presence of St David's Cathedral. In 1849 it was noted that the city had no municipal corporation: There was however a recognised "city" in which a mayor had limited jurisdiction. [ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=47819 Samuel Lewis (ed.), "Dale - St. David's", from "A Topographical Dictionary of Wales" (1849), accessdate=2008-05-15] ] A Royal Commission appointed in 1876 reported that the corporation had long been extinct, and the city was formally abolished in 1886 under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1883. [Municipal Corporations Act 1883 (c.19), S.3 and Sch II, part I] Letters Patent dated 16 September 1994 ordained that the "Town of St. David's shall have the status of a City". [LondonGazette|issue=53798|startpage=13403|date=23 September 1994|accessdate=2008-04-21]

fnb|(21)The title of City was used "by courtesy" after 1550 when Westminster ceased to be the see of a bishop. By Letters Patent dated 27 October 1900 city status was conferred on the newly created Metropolitan Borough of Westminster from 1 November. [LondonGazette|issue=27242|startpage=6613|date=30 October 1900|accessdate=2008-04-21] This status was continued on the creation of the City of Westminster as a London borough in 1965.

fnb|(22)A letter from the Home Secretary to the Mayor of Leicester dated 14 June 1919, confirming that the city status would be bestowed, noted that this was a "restoration to your ancient town of its former status of a city".The Times: Leicester, a City: Sequel to the Recent Royal Visit, June 17, 1919] [ [http://www.leicester.gov.uk/about-leicester/lordmayorcivic/history-freemen-town-hall/civic-history "Civic history: The making of a City", (Leicester City Council), accessed 14 February 2008] ] [ [http://www.le.ac.uk/hi/teaching/papers/will1.html "Leicester: The Dignity of a City 655–1926, Leicester's city status, its loss and its regaining over thirteen centuries" by Daniel Williams] ]

fnb|(23)Letters Patent dated 10 December 1969. [LondonGazette|issue=44986|startpage=12450|date=12 December 1969|accessdate=2008-04-21]

fnb|(24)Letters Patent dated 21 April 1926. [LondonGazette|issue=33154|startpage=2776|endpage=2777|date=23 April 1926|accessdate=2008-04-18]

fnb|(25)Letters Patent dated 21 March 1951. [London Gazette, issue no.39201, 13 April 1951]

fnb|(26)Letters Patent dated 14 May 1937. [London Gazette, issue no.34400, 21 May 1937]

fnb|(27)Letters Patent dated 18 October 1928. [London Gazette, issue no.33433, 26 October 1928]

fnb|(28)Letters Patent dated 5 June 1925. [London Gazette, issue no.33063, 3 July 1925]

fnb|(29)Letters Patent dated 28 October 1905, which also granted the title of Lord Mayor. [LondonGazette|issue=27849|startpage=7249|date=31 October 1905|accessdate=2008-04-22]

fnb|(30)Warrant issued 28 January 1889 that Letters Patent be issued under the Seal appointed by the treaty of union to be used in place of the Great Seal of Scotland, ordaining and declaring that the Burgh of Dundee shall be a City, and shall be called and styled "The City of Dundee" [London Gazette, 29 January 1889]

fnb|(31)Burghs of Old Aberdeen and Woodside and the district of Torry incorporated as the City and Royal Burgh of Aberdeen by the Aberdeen Corporation Act 1891 (1891 c.cxxiv)

fnb|(32)The present council areas are designated "cities" by virtue of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, which also reserves the post of Lord Provost for the convener of the four councils. The previous local government districts and district councils created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 enjoyed the same privileges.

fnb|(33)Letters Patent dated 14 January 1889 ["From the London Gazette, January 18, 1889", The Times, 19 January 1889]

fnb|(34)Letters Patent dated 29 March 1853 ["London Gazette" Issue 21426, p.950, 1 April 1853]

See also

* City status in the United Kingdom
* List of lord mayoralties and lord provostships in the United Kingdom
* Towns of the United Kingdom
* Cities in Ireland

References


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