- Benia Chkhikvishvili
Benia Chkhikvishvili (also spelled Bénia Tchkhikvichvili) ( _ka. ბენია ჩხიკვიშვილი) (?-1924) was a Georgian politician who was involved in the Social Democratic movement in the early 20th century. An active member of the
Menshevikparty, he led the 1905 revolution in Guria(" Gurian Republic"), a Georgian province on the Black Sea. Became a de facto head of the peasant government, sometimes described by the contemporary observers as a "Gurian president" or even "Gurian king". [ Stephen F. Jones(2005), "Socialism in Georgian Colors: The European Road to Social Democracy, 1883-1917", p. 149. Harvard University Press, ISBN 0674019024.]
During the short-lived independent
Democratic Republic of Georgia, he served as a mayorof Tiflis, the capital of Georgia (1919-1920). After the Soviet invasion of Georgia, he immigrated to France, where he became an official owner of the Leuville chateau, a residence of the Georgian government-in-exile. [ [http://www.caucaz.com/home_eng/breve_contenu.php?id=97 "Leuville-sur-Orge: a little Georgia 25 kilometers away southward from Paris"] , by Eva Csergo (Translated by Marie Anderson). CAUCAZ.COM - Article published in 27/12/2004 Issue.] He returned to Georgia in 1923 to take part in the preparations for a general uprising against the Bolshevikregime. He was arrested, however, and executed.
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