Motto PER LUDOS AEQUALITAS (Equality through sport) First event 1924 in Paris, France – 1924 Summer Deaflympics Occur every 4 years Last event 2009 in Taipei, Taiwan – 2009 Summer Deaflympics Purpose Provision of opportunities for deaf persons to participate in elite sports Headquarters Frederick, Maryland, United States President Craig A Crowley MBE Website Deaflympics Official Website
The Deaflympics (previously called World Games for the Deaf, and International Games for the Deaf) are an International Olympic Committee (IOC)-sanctioned event at which deaf athletes compete at an elite level. However, unlike the athletes in other IOC-sanctioned events (i.e., the Olympics, the Paralympics, and the Special Olympics), the Deaflympians cannot be guided by sounds (i.e., the starter's guns, bullhorn commands or referee whistles). The games have been organised by the Comité International des Sports des Sourds (CISS, "The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf") since the first event.
The Deaflympics are held every 4 years, and are the longest running multi-sport event excluding the Olympics themselves. The first games, held in Paris in 1924, were also the first ever international sporting event for athletes with a disability. The event has been held every four years since, apart from a break for World War II, and an additional event, the Deaflympic Winter Games, was added in 1949. The games began as a small gathering of 148 athletes from nine European nations competing in the International Silent Games in Paris, France, in 1924; now, they have grown into a global movement.
Officially, the games were originally called the "International Games for the Deaf" from 1924 to 1965, but were sometimes referred to as the "International Silent Games". From 1966 to 1999 they were called the "World Games for the Deaf", and occasionally referred to as the "World Silent Games". From 2000, the games have been known by their current name "Deaflympics" (often mistakenly called the "Deaf Olympics").
To qualify for the games, athletes must have a hearing loss of at least 55 db in their "better ear". Hearing aids, cochlear implants and the like are not allowed to be used in competition, to place all athletes on the same level. Other examples of ways the games vary from hearing competitions are the manner in which they are officiated. To address the issue of Deaflympians not being able to be guided by sounds, certain sports use alternative methods of commencing the game. For example, the football referees wave a flag instead of blowing a whistle; on the track, races are started by using a light, instead of a starter pistol. It is also customary for spectators not to cheer or clap, but rather to wave – usually with both hands.
The following sports are currently on the Deaflympic Games programme:
Host nations and cities
To date, the Deaflympic Games have been hosted by 36 cities in 21 countries, but by cities outside Europe on only five occasions (Washington D.C. 1965, Los Angeles 1985, Christchurch 1989, Melbourne 2005 and Taipei 2009). The next summer games will be held in Athens, Greece in 2013, and the next scheduled winter games will be in Vancouver in 2015.
The 2011 Winter Games scheduled to be held in Vysoké Tatry, Slovakia were cancelled due to the lack of readiness by the organizing committee to host the games. The International Committee of Deaf Sports filed a criminal complaint against the Slovak Deaflympics Organizing Committee and its President, Mr. Jaromír Ruda. The criminal complaint demands reimbursement of the funds that were transferred to the Slovak Deaflympics Organizing Committee from national deaf sports federations, to cover hotel accommodations and other Deaflympics-related expenses. According the Slovak newspaper, SME, “Jaromír Ruda, head of the Slovak Organising Committee, [is] a champion of promises and someone who is accused of a 1.6 million Euro Deaflympics-related fraud”. In a letter to the United States Deaflympians, International Committee of Sports for the Deaf ICSD President Craig Crowley expressed "his deep apologies for the cancellation of the 17th Winter Deaflympics. Currently, the Slovak Deaflympic Committee and the Slovakia Association of Deaf Sportsmen Unions have been suspended. Ruda was sentenced to a prison term of 13 years for defrauding 1.6 million € that should have been used for Winter Deaflympics.
Year Games Host City NOC 1924 I Paris France 1928 II Amsterdam Netherlands 1931 III Nürnberg Germany 1935 IV London United Kingdom 1939 V Stockholm Sweden No games were held between 1940–48 due to World War II 1949 VI Copenhagen Denmark 1953 VII Brussels Belgium 1957 VIII Milan Italy 1961 IX Helsinki Finland 1965 X Washington DC United States 1969 XI Belgrade Yugoslavia 1973 XII Malmö Sweden 1977 XIII Bucharest Romania 1981 XIV Köln West Germany 1985 XV Los Angeles United States 1989 XVI Christchurch New Zealand 1993 XVII Sofia Bulgaria 1997 XVIII Copenhagen Denmark 2001 XIX Rome Italy 2005 XX Melbourne Australia 2009 XXI Taipei Chinese Taipei 2013 XXII Athens Greece
Year Games Host City NOC 1949 I Seefeld Austria 1953 II Oslo Norway 1955 III Oberammergau Germany 1959 IV Montana-Vermala Switzerland 1963 V Åre Sweden 1967 VI Berchtesgaden Germany 1971 VII Adelboden Switzerland 1975 VIII Lake Placid United States 1979 IX Méribel France 1983 X Madonna di Campiglio Italy 1987 XI Oslo Norway 1991 XII Banff Canada 1995 XIII Ylläs Finland 1999 XIV Davos Switzerland 2003 XV Sundsvall Sweden 2007 XVI Salt Lake City United States 2011 XVII Vysoké Tatry(cancelled) Slovakia 2015 XVIII open
- ^ International Committee of Sports for the Deaf – News. Deaflympics.com. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ What are the Deaflympics?. Disabled World. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ a b Future Directions of the Deaflympics. Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ a b c Historical overview of the Paralympics, Special Olympics, and Deaflympics. Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ International Committee of Sports for the Deaf – News. Deaflympics.com. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ International Committee of Sports for the Deaf – Sports. Deaflympics.com. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ Winter Olympics: 2011 Winter Deaflympics Cancelled. Healthyhearing.com (17 February 2011). Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ International Committee of Sports for the Deaf – PressRelease. Deaflympics.com (13 February 2011). Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ a b ICSD Pursuing Legal Action Following Failure of 17th Winter Deaflympics. Deaf Sports Mag. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ Slovakia: Deaflympics 2011 Controversy · Global Voices. Globalvoicesonline.org. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ 2011 US Deaflympics – Article | Letter from ICSD to USA athletes. Usdeaflympics.org (17 February 2011). Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ International Committee of Sports for the Deaf – PressRelease. Deaflympics.com (14 February 2011). Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ Deaflympics Committee Head Sentenced to Thirteen Years – English News. Webnoviny.sk. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ International Committee of Sports for the Deaf – Games. Deaflympics.com. Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- ^ International Committee of Sports for the Deaf – PressRelease. Deaflympics.com (17 May 2011). Retrieved on 17 October 2011.
- Deaflympics official website
- Asia Pacific Deaf Sports Confederation
- U.S.A. Deaf Sports Federation
- UK Deaf Sport
- Deaf Sports Australia
- Malaysia Sports Federation of the Deaf
Multi-sport event Global Associations Communities Disabled sport Professions Youth and
Other sport Olympic alternatives1 Regional Africa Americas AsiaASEAN ParaGames • Asian Beach Games • Asian Games • Asian Winter Games • Asian Indoor Games1 • Asian Indoor-Martial Arts Games • Asian Martial Arts Games1 • Asian Para Games • Asian Youth Games • Children of Asia International Sports Games • East Asian Games • Central Asian Games • Southeast Asian Games • South Asian Games • West Asian Games Europe Oceania Inter-continental National Asia Americas Europe Oceania National Congress
of State Games2Alabama · Arizona · California · Colorado · Connecticut · Florida · Georgia · Hawai'i · Idaho (summer; winter) · Illinois · Indiana · Iowa · Kansas · Kentucky · Maine · Massachusetts · Minnesota · Mississippi · Missouri · Montana · Nebraska · New Hampshire · New Jersey · New Mexico · New York · North Carolina · North Dakota · Oklahoma · Oregon · Pennsylvania · Texas · Utah (summer; winter) · Virginia · Washington · Wisconsin · Wyoming
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