- Yuri Kimimasa
nihongo|Yuri Kimimasa|由利公正| Yuri Kimimasa; (
11 November 1829– 28 April 1912) was a statesman in Meiji period Japan. During the Meiji Restorationhe used the alias nihongo|Mitsuoka Hachiro|三岡八郎
Life and career
Yuri was a samurai born in
Fukui, Echizen Province(present-day Fukui Prefecture), and studied under the Confucian scholar Yokoi Shonan. He worked towards the financial reform and modernizing Fukui domainand received preferential treatment from " daimyo" Matsudaira Yoshinagadue to his great ability.
He joined the new
Meiji governmentas a "san'yo" (senior councillor), and took charge of the financial and monetary policy of the new government. Together with Fukuoka Takachika, he was the principal author of the Charter Oath. He was also involved in the issuance of Japan's first national paper banknotes in 1868.
In 1871, he became the fourth governor of
He left government the following year, but was selected to accompany the
Iwakura Missionon its around-the-world voyage to the United Statesand Europe. After his return to Japan, he joined Itagaki Taisuke in petitioning for a representative national assembly. In 1875 he was appointed to the Genroin.
In 1887 he was elevated to the rank of "shishaku" (
viscount) in the " kazoku" peerage system. He was later nominated to serve in the House of Peers.
In 1891, he quit government service, moved to
Kyoto, and founded the "Yurin Seimeihoken K.K"., one of Japan's first life insurancecompanies. The company later merged with "Meiji Seimei", the predecessor to modern Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.
References & further reading
* Beasley, W. G. "The Rise of Modern Japan: Political, Economic and Social Change Since 1850." St. Martin's Press, New York 1995.
* Beasley, W. G. "The Meiji Restoration." Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1972.
* Jansen, Marius B. and Gilbert Rozman, eds. "Japan in Transition: From Tokugawa to Meiji." Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.
* [ http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/215.html?c=0 National Diet Library photo & bio]
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