- Piney Woods
The Piney Woods is a
terrestrial ecoregionin the Southern United Statescovering 54,400 mi² (140,900 km²) of East Texas, Southern Arkansas, Western Louisiana, and Southeastern Oklahoma. This coniferous forest, is dominated by several species of pine, including Longleaf Pine, Shortleaf Pineand Loblolly Pine, as well as several varieties of hardwoods including Hickoryand Oak. The World Wide Fund for Natureconsiders the Piney Woods to be one of the critically endangered ecoregions of the United States. [ [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0523_full.html World Wildlife Fund Scientific Report on Piney Woods forests (NA0523)] ]
The Piney woods cover an area of 140,900 square kilometers (54,400 square miles) of eastern Texas, northwestern Louisiana, southwestern Arkansas and the southeastern corner of Oklahoma. [ [http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0523_full.html World Wildlife Fund Scientific Report on Piney Woods forests (NA0523)] ] They are bounded on the east by the
Mississippi lowland forests, on the south by the Western Gulf coastal grasslands, on the west by the East Central Texas forestsand the Texas blackland prairies, on the northwest by the Central forest-grasslands transition, and on the north by the Ozark Mountain forests.
The region has heavy to moderate rainfall, with some places receiving over 60 in (1525 mm) of rain per year. Many
deciduoustrees such as Magnolia, Sweet gum, Tupelo, and Yaupon Holly, in addition to hickories and oaks, can be found among pines. Wisteriais also commonplace and can cover entire groves of trees in the wild. Flowering species of tree, such as Dogwoodand the Eastern Redbudare also now common in the wild.
Two varieties of
wetlandsare common in the Piney Woods: bayous are generally found near rivers and sloughs which are generally found near creeks. In bayous Bald cypress and Spanish moss, as well as the non-native Lily pad, are common plants. Sloughs are shallow pools of standing water that most trees are capable of growing in, and other species such as the Purple bladderwort, a small carnivorous plant, have found a niche in sloughs.
Hearty species of Prickly pear cactus and
Yuccacan be found both in the forests and wetlands.
Texas trailing phloxis an endangered species.
Mammals such as
Eastern Cottontail rabbits, Eastern Gray Squirrels, Opossums, Armadillos, White-tailed Deer, Cougars, Foxes, Bobcats, Ring-tailed cats, and two species of Bats; and Reptiles such as Cottonmouth Water Moccasins, Prairie Kingsnakes, Slender glass lizards, and Squirrel Tree Frogs, thrive in the Piney Woods. A large variety of birds from Cranes and Vultures to individual species like the Mockingbirdand the endangered Red-cockaded woodpecker. Alligators are not as common as they once were, but their population has rebounded since the 1960s. Bears are rare today, but still live in remote thickets. Recently, there has been significant talk of reintroducing the black bear into many parts of East Texas. [ [http://www.chron.com/CDA/archives/archive.mpl?id=2005_3884479 WHERE THEY ONCE ROAMED / Will bears prowl Piney Woods?] . Houston Chronicle. July 6, 2005.] [ [http://www.chron.com/CDA/archives/archive.mpl?id=2006_4166744 Push grows to make E. Texas bear country] . Houston Chronicle. August 8, 2006.] There are anecdotal sightings of panthers, though these may be cougars. The most common fish is Catfish, which are a native species but also stocked in local reservoirs. A small crustaceancalled the crayfish(commonly called "crawfish" or "crawdad" in the local vernacular) is common along river and creek banks.
The Piney Woods Region of the four state area is a noted area for Sasquatch (Big Foot) sightings; with many legends dating back to pre European settlement. One such noted legend is the story of the Fouke Monster of Southern Arkansas; documented in a movie titled "The Legend of Boggy Creek" in the early 1970's. The area according to references lists this area to be the third highest in North America for these such sightings.
Conservation and threats
The majority of the commercial timber growing and wood processing in the state of Texas takes place in the Piney Woods region, which contains about 50,000 km² (12.5 million acres) of commercial forestland.
Four National Forests are found in the Piney Woods of East Texas. These
National Forests include some 634,912 acres (2,569 km²) in 12 counties.
Angelina National Forest(Angelina, Nacogdoches, San Augustine and Jasper counties)
Sabine National Forest
Davy Crockett National Forest
Sam Houston National Forest(Huntsville)
The Texas portion of the Piney Woods has at least 17 state parks:
Atlanta State Park
Caddoan Mounds State Historic Site
Caddo Lake State Park
Daingerfield State Park
Governor Hogg Shrine Historic Site(Quitman)
Huntsville State Park
Jim Hogg Historic Site(Rusk)
Lake Bob Sandlin State Park
Lake Livingston State Park
Martin Creek Lake State Park
Martin Dies Jr. State Park(Jasper)
Mission Tejas State Park
Rusk and Palestine State Parks
Starr Family State Historic Site
*Tyler State Park
Village Creek State Park
* [http://www.GreaterEastTexas.com Images and Information on the Piney Woods and East Texas]
* [http://www.TexasPineywoodsExperience.org Experience Nature, Arts & Culture, History & Heritage Destinations in the Texas Pineywoods]
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Look at other dictionaries:
piney woods — noun plural Date: 1800 woodland of the southern United States in which pines are the dominant tree … New Collegiate Dictionary
piney woods — noun plural : woodland of the southern United States in which pines are the dominant tree … Useful english dictionary
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39148 — Piney Woods, Ms (Miscellaneous » ZIP Codes) … Abbreviations dictionary