Hendrik Petrus Berlage


Hendrik Petrus Berlage

Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Amsterdam, February 12 1856 — The Hague August 12 1934, was a prominent Dutch architect.

Overview

Berlage studied architecture under Gottfried Semper at the Zurich Institute of Technology during the 1870s after which he travelled extensively through Europe. In the 1880s he formed a Partnership in the Netherlands with Theodore Sanders which produced a mixture of practical and utopian projects. A published author, Berlage held memberships in various architectural societies including CIAM.

Berlage was influenced by the Neo-Romanesque brickwork architecture of Henry Hobson Richardson. This influence is visible in his design for the Amsterdam Commodities Exchange, for which he would also draw on the ideas of Viollet-le-Duc. The load-bearing bare brick walls and the notion of the primacy of space, and of walls as the creators of form, would be the constitutive principles of the 'Hollandse Zakelijkheid'.A visit Berlage made to the U.S. in 1911 greatly affected his architecture. From then on the organic architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright would be a significant influence. Lectures he gave when returned to Europe would help to disseminate Wright's thoughts in Germany.

Considered the "Father of Modern architecture" in the Netherlands and the intermediary between the Traditionalists and the Modernists, Berlage's theories inspired most Dutch Modernist groups including De Stijl, the Amsterdam School and the New Objectivists. He received the British Royal Gold Medal in 1932.

Berlage died at The Hague in 1934. In 1970, the IAU named the lunar crater Berlage after him. [Descriptive data on lunar craters from the United States Geological Survey. (Click on the crater name ) : Cite web |title=Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature - Moon Nomenclature: Crater, craters |url=http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/jsp/FeatureTypesData2.jsp?systemID=3&bodyID=11&typeID=9&system=Earth&body=Moon&type=Crater,%20craters&sort=AName&show=Fname&show=Lat&show=Long&show=Diam&show=Stat&show=Orig
work=from http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/ Astrogeology Research Program, U.S. Geological Survey|accessdate=2007-08-05
]

Works

Some of his famous works include:
* the Amsterdam Commodities Exchange
* the plan for extension of Amsterdam, the 'Plan Zuid' or 'Plan Berlage'
* the "Berlage brug" (bridge) in Amsterdam
* Holland House, Bury Street, City of London (behind Norman's Foster's "Gherkin")
* the "St. Hubertusslot" part of the Kröller-Müller Museum
* the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag

References

External links

* [http://www.meamnet.polimi.it/archive/007/007.html Biography and works of Berlage]


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  • Hendrik Petrus Berlage — (oft auch HP Berlage, * 21. Februar 1856 in Amsterdam; † 12. August 1934 in Den Haag), war ein niederländischer Architekt an der Schwelle vom Historismus zur Moderne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hendrik Petrus Berlage — Arquitecto y urbanista neerlandés Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hendrik Petrus Berlage — (12 février 1856 à Amsterdam 12 août 1934 à La Haye) est un architecte néerlandais. Histoire Après avoir échoué à l examen d en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hendrik Petrus Berlage — (Amsterdam, 1856; La Haya, 1934) Arquitecto y urbanista neerlandés. Finalizada su formación en el Politécnico de Zúrich, se inició como profesional en 1881 en Amsterdam junto con T. Sanders. Sus obras más características son la Bolsa de Amsterdam …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hendrik Petrus Berlage — noun Dutch architect and town planner (1856 1934) • Syn: ↑Berlage • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Berlage, Hendrik Petrus — ► (1856 1934) Arquitecto y urbanista holandés. Sus dos obras más famosas son: la Bolsa de Amsterdam y el Plan Regulador de Amsterdam sur. * * * (21 feb. 1856, Amsterdam, Países Bajos–12 ago. 1934, La Haya). Arquitecto holandés. Después de seguir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BERLAGE, Hendrik Petrus — (1856 1934)    One of Holland s first modernist architects, Hendrik Berlage studied with the historically oriented architect Gottfried Semper, but gradually Berlage began to experiment with a more geometric, spare, rational approach to… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Berlage, Hendrik Petrus — born Feb. 21, 1856, Amsterdam, Neth. died Aug. 12, 1934, The Hague Dutch architect. After studies in Zürich, he began his practice in Amsterdam (1889). His best known work is the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (1897–1903), notable for its forthright… …   Universalium

  • BERLAGE, Hendrik Petrus — (1856–1934)    Architect. After fin ishing his studies at the Polytechnic school in Zurich, Switzerland, Berlage became associated with the Amsterdam based architec tural firm of Theodorus Sanders (1847–1927). Around 1890, he abandoned the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Berlage — Hendrik Petrus Berlage Hendrik Petrus Berlage Hendrik Petrus Berlage (12 février 1856 à Amsterdam 12 août 1934 à La Haye) est un architecte hollandais. Après avoir échoué à l examen d entrée de l éco …   Wikipédia en Français