Tito Schipa


Tito Schipa

Tito Schipa (27 December 1888 – 16 December 1965) was an Italian tenor. He is considered one of the finest tenore di grazia in operatic history. He was endowed with a natural, sensuous voice which he deployed with great intelligence and taste.

Biography

Schipa was born Raffaele Attilio Amedeo Schipa in Lecce, his birthday was recorded as January 2, 1889 for conscription purposes. [http://www.titoschipa.it/biosrengl.htm] He studied in Milan and made his operatic debut at age 21 in 1910 at Vercelli. He subsequently appeared throughout Italy and in Buenos Aires. In 1917, he created the role of Ruggiero in Puccini's "La rondine".

In 1919, Schipa traveled to the United States, joining the Chicago Opera Company, singing with it until 1932, whereupon he appeared with the Metropolitan Opera from 1932 to 1935 and again in 1941. From 1929 to 1949, he continued to perform regularly in Italy, and returned to Buenos Aires in 1954. In 1957, he toured the USSR.

Schipa's repertoire eventually encompassed about twenty Italian and French opera roles, such as Massenet's "Werther", Donizetti's "L'Elisir d'Amore" and Cilea's "L'Arlesiana", where he achieved his best results. In concert, Schipa performed opera arias as well as Neapolitan and Spanish popular songs.

Schipa made numerous recordings during his career, including a famous recording of Donizetti's "Don Pasquale" in 1932, which was one of the first complete opera recordings, and is still in circulation.

Tito Schipa was an early exponent of that peculiar breed of tenor who conducts. Today Plácido Domingo carries on that tradition. Although some considered Schipa's voice to be ordinary in size and timbre, he caused riots in the streets on some occasions not only by his superior musicianship but a solid, masterful technique.

Schipa retired from the stage in 1958 to teach voice in Budapest and he died from diabetes in 1965 at the age of 77 in New York, NY while teaching there.

References

* [http://www.grandi-tenori.com/tenors/schipa.php Tito Schipa (Grandi Tenori.com)] - GrandiTenori's site on Schipa.

External links

* [http://www.titoschipa.it/pag1srengl.htm TitoSchipa.it] - English version of the Italian site run by the Schipa family.
*imdb name|id=0771908|name=Tito Schipa.
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pGKp78ZEGVE YouTube - Tito Schipa sings "Una furtiva lagrima" from "L'elisir D'amore"] - A 1929 video of Schipa singing the aria "Una furtiva lagrima" from Gaetano Donizetti's "L'elisir D'amore".


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  • Schipa —   [ skiːpa], Raffaele Tito (Attilio) Amedeo, italienischer Sänger (Tenor), * Lecce 2. 1. 1889, ✝ New York 16. 12. 1965; debütierte 1911 und war u. a. Mitglied der Metropolitan Opera in New York. Schwerpunkte seines Repertoires bildeten die… …   Universal-Lexikon

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