- Niels Kaj Jerne
Niels Kaj Jerne
Niels Kaj Jerne
Born December 23, 1911 Died October 7, 1994(aged 82) Nationality Danish Fields Immunology Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984
Niels Kaj Jerne, FRS (December 23, 1911 – October 7, 1994) was a Danish immunologist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. The citation read "For theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies". He shared the prize with Georges J. F. Köhler and César Milstein.
His ancestors had lived on the small Danish island of Fanø for centuries, but in 1910 his parents moved to London where Jerne was born in 1911. During the First World War his parents moved to the Netherlands and Jerne spent his youth in Rotterdam. After studying physics for two years at the Leiden University Jerne moved to Copenhagen and changed his studies to the field of medicine. He graduated from the University of Copenhagen with a degree in medicine in 1947, and in 1951 he was awarded the doctorate for a thesis titled "A Study of Avidity Based on Rabbit Skin Responses to Diphteria Toxin-Antitoxin Mixtures".
From 1943 to 1956 Jerne was a research worker at the Danish National Serum Institute and during this time he formulated a theory on antibody formation. It is said that Jerne got his revolutionary scientific idea while bicycling across the Langebro bridge in Copenhagen on his way home from work. The antibody formation theory gave Jerne international recognition and in 1956 Jerne went to work for the World Health Organization in Geneva, where he served as the Head of the Sections of Biological Standards and of Immunology. He held this post for six years until moving to the United States and the University of Pittsburgh in 1962 to work as Professor of Microbiology and Chairman of the Department of Microbiology for four years. Jerne continued to do work for the World Health Organization as a member of the Expert Advisory Panel of Immunology from 1962 and onwards.
In 1966 Jerne moved back to Europe and took up the position of Professor of Experimental Therapy at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt. From 1966 to 1969 he was the Director of the Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, also in Frankfurt. In 1969 Jerne again switched jobs, this time to Basel in Switzerland, where he was the Director of the Basel Institute for Immunology until his retirement in 1980. During the 1970s and 1980s Jerne was a pioneer in the development of immune network theory.
Jerne was married three times. He had two sons, Ivar Jerne (born 1936) and Donald Jerne (born 1941), with Tjek Jerne. Jerne had a third son, Andreas Wettstein, with Gertrud Wettstein, in 1971.
Honorary titles and memberships
Memberships of Scientific societies:
- ^ a b Askonas, B. A.; Howard, J. G. (1997). "Niels Kaj Jerne. 23 December 1911--7 October 1994.: Elected F.R.S 1980". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 43: 237. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1997.0013.
- ^ The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1984: Niels K. Jerne - autobiography, Nobelprize.org, http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1984/jerne-autobio.html, retrieved 2010-10-20
- Jerne, N. K. (1955). "The Natural-Selection Theory of Antibody Formation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 41 (11): 849–857. PMC 534292. PMID 16589759. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=534292. .
- Jerne, N. K. (1974). "Towards a network theory of the immune system". Annales d'immunologie 125C (1–2): 373–389. PMID 4142565.
- Jerne, N.K. (1984) (PDF), Nobel lecture: The Generative Grammar of the Immune System, Nobelprize.org, http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1984/jerne-lecture.pdf, retrieved 2010-10-20 .
- Hoffmann, G.W. (1994), "Niels Jerne, Immunologist 1911-1994", Vaccine Research (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.) 3: 173–174, http://www.networkimmunologyinc.com/corporate-profile/history-of-immune-network-theory/niels-jerne-obituary .
- Söderqvist, T. (2003), Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jerne, (David Mel Paul trans.), New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-09441-8 .
- Dubiski, S. (2004). "Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jerne". JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association 291 (10): 1267. doi:10.1001/jama.291.10.1267.
- The Nobel Citation
- Biography from the Nobel Foundation
- Interviews with Nobel Prize winning scientists: Niels Jerne, British Broadcasting Corporation, 25 April 1987, http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/scientists/10605.shtml . Video of an interviewed with Lewis Wolpert. Duration 37 minutes.
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Niels Kaj Jerne — (* 23. Dezember 1911 in London, England; † 7. Oktober 1994 in Castillon du Gard (bei Nîmes), Gard, Frankreich) war ein dänischer Mediziner und Immunologe. 1984 erhielt er Nobelpreis für Physiologie oder Medizin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Niels Kaj Jerne — (23 décembre 1911 7 octobre 1994) était un immunologiste danois. Il a reçu le Prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1984 avec Georges Köhler et César Milstein. v … Wikipédia en Français
Niels K. Jerne — Niels Kaj Jerne (* 23. Dezember 1911 in London, England; † 7. Oktober 1994 in Castillon du Gard (bei Nîmes), Gard, Frankreich) war ein dänischer Immunologe. Leben und Wirken Von 1969 bis 1980 war Jerne Direktor des von dem Pharmakonzern Hoffmann… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jerne , Niels Kaj — (1911–1994) Danish immunologist London born Jerne was educated at the University of Copenhagen, where he gained his doctorate in medicine in 1951 while working as a researcher at the Danish State Serum Institute (1943–54). After a period of… … Scientists
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Jerne — Niels Kaj Jerne (* 23. Dezember 1911 in London, England; † 7. Oktober 1994 in Castillon du Gard (bei Nîmes), Gard, Frankreich) war ein dänischer Immunologe. Leben und Wirken Von 1969 bis 1980 war Jerne Direktor des von dem Pharmakonzern Hoffmann… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Niels Jerne — Niels Kaj Jerne Niels Kaj Jerne (23 décembre 1911 7 octobre 1994) était un immunologiste danois. Il a reçu le Prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1984 avec Georges Köhler et César Milstein. Lauréats du prix Nobel de… … Wikipédia en Français
Niels — is a common Danish man s name, equivalent to Nicholas. The Norwegian and Swedish variant is Nils, and the pet form is Nisse. It may refer to: In science: Niels Bohr, Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic… … Wikipedia
Jerne, Niels K. — ▪ Danish immunologist in full Niels Kaj Jerne born Dec. 23, 1911, London, Eng. died Oct. 7, 1994, Castillon du Gard, France Danish immunologist (immunology) who shared the 1984 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with César Milstein… … Universalium