- Sikandar Bagh
Sikandar Bagh, also known as Sikandra Bagh or Secundra Bagh, is a villa and garden estate located on the outskirts of
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built for the Nawab of Awadh, Wajid Ali Shah(1822-1887), as a summer house. The complex takes its name from the nawab's favourite wife, Sikander Mahal Begum. The site now houses the National Botanical Research Instituteof India.
The garden was laid out around 1800 A.D. as a royal garden by Nawab Saadat Ali Khan. It was later improved upon by Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, the last King of
Awadh, during the first half of the 19th century, who used it as his summer villa. It was Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, who named the garden "Sikandar Bagh", after one of his favourite queens, Sikander Mahal Begum.
It is about 150 square metres in size and has a small pavilion in the middle, which must have been the venue of innumerable performances of the famous 'Ras-lilas', 'Kathak' dance, music and poetic 'mehfils' and other cultural activities for which the last Nawab was very well known.
siege of Lucknowin the Indian Rebellion of 1857, it was used as a refuge by hundreds of sepoyswho were under siege by British and colonial troops. The villa was overrun on 16 November 1857 and the British killed a reported 2000 sepoys. After the fighting the British dead were buried in a deep trench but the Indian dead were left to rot. In early 1858 Felice Beatotook an infamous photograph of the skeletal remains of the sepoys strewn across the grounds of the interior of the complex.
cannon balls, swords and shields, pieces of musketsand rifles, accidentally dug out of the garden over the years are now displayed in the NBRI Exposition and scars of cannon balls on the old walls of the garden, still remind one of that historic event.
A still greater and more visible reminder of that battle is the statue, erected some years ago in the old campus of the garden, of
Uda Devi, a Parsi lady, who fought side by side with the besieged soldiers. Attired in a male battle dress, she had perched herself atop a tree in the garden, with some ammunitionand a gun in hand, and kept the British attackers at bay till her ammunition was exhausted and she dropped dead on the ground, her body riddled with bullets.
* [http://www.defencejournal.com/2000/mar/lucknow.htm The Lucknow Campaign-1857-58]
* [http://www.brown.edu/Facilities/University_Library/collections/askb/beato/beato.html Brown University Library; Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection: Photographic views of Lucknow taken after the Indian Mutiny] . Accessed 2 November 2006.
* [http://lucknow.nic.in/hplaces.htm NIC District Unit, Lucknow. "Historical Places At Lucknow"] . Accessed 2 November 2006.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Sikandar Bag — Sikandar Bagh, 1858. Albumen Silberdruck von Felice Beato … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bagh (garden) — Bāgh, which usually translates to garden is in fact a more general concept. It refers to an enclosed area with permanent cultures (many types of trees and shrubs) as well as flowers. It is common to near , middle and south eastern countries. It… … Wikipedia
Victoria Cross — For the abbreviation, see VC. For other uses, see Victoria Cross (disambiguation). Victoria Cross … Wikipedia
Indischer Aufstand von 1857 — Indischer Aufstand von 1857 … Deutsch Wikipedia
National Botanical Research Institute — (NBRI) is a research institute of CSIR in Lucknow. It is engaged in the field of taxonomy and modern biology. Contents 1 History 2 Achievements 3 South Africa … Wikipedia
Sydney Percy-Lancaster — Sydney Percy Lancaster, F.L.S., F.R.H.S., M.R.A.S. was born on July 19, 1886 at Meerut, India. His father, Percy Lancaster, was a banker and a talented amateur gardener, who went on to become the Secretary of the Agri Horticultural Society of… … Wikipedia
Architecture of Lucknow — The Lucknow School of Architecture was an interesting experiment by the resurgent Nawabs of Awadh. It was an attempt to preserve the Mughal school of architecture by experimenting with different materials and innovating new concepts.Among the… … Wikipedia
Сикандар Баг — Крепость Сикандар Баг хинди सिकन्दर बाग़, урду سِکندر باغ … Википедия
Charles John Wingfield — Sir Charles John Wingfield KCSI, CB, MP Member of Parliament for Gravesend In office 18 November 1868 – 5 February 1874 Preceded by … Wikipedia
India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… … Universalium